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Lectures on the Golden Mean 02 (2) 03 (1)

Source: Time: 2020-02-21 02:45:12

Millennium Tongzhou vitality north stream

The front is a strong culture, a education completed by a person. As mentioned earlier, the most interesting strength of the South and the strength of the North, we all know that the personality of the northerners of the southerners is indeed different. For example, this section of the book is experiencing a problem. We have been in Taiwan for more than 30 years. Provincial? Native of this province? It seems that the boundaries are very clear. When I meet other people from other provinces, where are they? Shandong people. The northerners scolded us southerners: the southern barbarians, the southerners heard: northerners, mules. Hear from Sichuan: Sichuan rat, mouse. Hunan: Hunan mule. Jiangxi people: Jiangxi old watch. People of Hubei: Jiuhou bird of Hubei. There are nicknames in various places. Jiangxi people met the Luoting people: the old people of Luoting people. The old lady was hard to hear and couldn't tell the taste. Anyway, there is no place everywhere, Cantonese. We went to Guangdong including Taiwanese after we went there: Wai Jiangao. Arrived in Sichuan: the soles of the feet. We are all at his feet, Sichuan is very high at his feet.
This is a big question. What is it? The Chinese nation is very interesting. It ’s okay to eat a full meal. As long as you sit there, a village neighbor is separated by a river. The people on the front bank are different from the people on the back bank. Shore. The east is different from the west. It ’s okay to eat a full meal. But there is one thing. The Chinese nation is different. It ’s fun to be full and have nothing to do. It ’s like a fight between brothers and sisters. Nothing can be called to make a living. Otherwise, it ’s boring all day long. When it comes to a country and a nation encounters a major event, these issues are abandoned, and there is no such thing at all.
Especially when I met abroad: Japanese? Chinese people? Chinese, okay, fellow villagers come to my house. These problems, but you said that there is no problem, a document clearly reflects that during the Spring and Autumn and Warring States Period, the southerners and the northerners were different. Then you are looking at this nation. This is a big problem. You have to write a monograph and at least several episodes of your doctoral dissertation. Employed in history, Shandong came out, Shanxi came out. For example, the historical record supervisor Ma Qian wrote: "The Qin and Jin Dynasties, the Qin and Jin People are more treacherous." The weak families all came from Qin and Jin, at that time, during the Spring and Autumn and Warring States Periods. This cannot be said now.
This way, this problem has been troubled in every era. It was very obvious until the Song Dynasty. Song Taizu Zhao Kuang erected a monument, which was not allowed to be seen. Which son was in position as emperor could be opened to see: Do not use Nan people as prime minister. Southerners are not allowed to be prime ministers. What is the reason for this? That's serious, Nan people are not allowed as prime minister. As a result, the first Southerner of the Song Dynasty was the prime minister, and the Jiangxian: Wang Anshi, historically, it started to make the world mess. Which monk Zhao Kuangyin taught him and which Taoist priests taught him do not know. Therefore, Chinese history has almost become a theorem. The people of the North, the Yellow River, and the Central Plains presided over one thing. The people of the South assisted, and the world was peaceful.
Southerners have a different taste, and their cultural ideas are absolutely brilliant. You see, Lao Tzu, Zhuang Tzu, and Zen Buddhism have always come from the south. Most of them are out of ten. Thought and culture are extremely intelligent. That tolerant, generous and tolerant, and tolerant of everything, the South is inferior to the North. Divided up in detail, each place has its own personality. So, all the way down, you have watched Manqing enter the border for three hundred years, and have been in trouble for half a day, academically and politically. From Kangxi to the Guangxu era, he has always been a scholar of the South, forming two major barriers with scholars of the North. However, with more than 300 years of politics and culture in the Manchu dynasty, the North was in power, and the South was a famous person and a poet. After Qianlong, Jiaqing, and Xianfeng, the power of the southerners rose, and the world was in chaos, almost indifferent.
Later, in the early years of the Qing Dynasty, there was a scholar, who was one of the world's officials: Gu Tinglin, he wrote a book "The Book of Diseases in the Kingdom of the Kingdom of the World", a great book. It is about the practical skills of the world. Gu Zuyu made a "Minutes of Reading History, Fang Yu," which combined Chinese history and geography to study this country and leave it to future generations. If you want to build a country and how to make this country rich and powerful, these two books must be read. One is Gu Tinglin's "Guixi Disease Book of the World County", and Gu Zuyu's "Minutes in Reading History". Therefore, when we are young, these two books must be read and kept, which is called Er Gu Quan Shu. The old ancient culture company publishing house wanted to come up with such a book. Everywhere I went to see it personally. I investigated his nationality, locality, and personality in various places.
The second question, why do people form a character? This is a wonderful study. Humans are plants, animals, minerals, and people. So, calling characters is different. When it comes to which provinces and regions have more beautiful characters, Qingxiu is Qingxiu, and rough is rough. Roughness has a rough style, and Qingxiu has a clear taste. The taste is different from the style. The taste can only be seen, and the style can really do something. Therefore, in terms of phase law, it is said that the southerner and the northerner, or the northerner and the southerner, are all noble people, and they are all great. This principle means the personality of the North and the South, the personality of the East and West, and even the personality of each region and each person. For example, in this province, I also read a lot of books and planted poisonous books. When I arrived in this province, I also asked, where are the southerners different from the northerners? Those old men from the province I came to are now more than ninety live. He said: Yes, the south looks down on the north, the people in the south look scared in the north. People in the north see Wenshan District as the most terrible place. Wenshan District is the area around Xindian, which is different.
I said: Where is the best? Chiayi in the south, but the Japanese look down on Chiayi. The Japanese are called Chiayi: swear words. What's the point? Anti-Japanese heroes, when the Japanese ruled, they resisted the Japanese the most, and that was the most swearing Chiayi people. It is just such a little place, but also has different personality in the southeast and northwest regions. Therefore, I was educated by these old friends in this province. Based on the faces and personalities of these students, ten or seven or eight were right. Based on this, you will know that personality is different. The South is also strong, strong and cunning. Studying this position in such a small place has different personalities and even looks special. So, therefore, characters are almost the same as physics.
Either fruit or vegetable, especially if you eat Chinese medicine, you know what Chinese medicine says, it ’s from Sichuan, it ’s sweet, it ’s from Gansu, Gan wolfberry, Gansu ’s best, not sweet The meaning is not to say that sweet wolfberry is delicious, there are wolfberry everywhere, but in Gansu, the effect of medicinal preparation is not great, it is not strong qi, or sweet qiji is "strong qi." Chuan Huanglian, not Sichuan's not so bitter, a little bit bitter, that's meaningless. Huai yam must be in the Huai Shi area of the Yangtze River. The yam is delicious in the lower reaches of the Yangtze River. The yam here eats like taro, and sometimes it is as hard as a stone. Everywhere sweet potatoes come to this place, so sweet potatoes also vary from region to region. Therefore, this article is a simple and piecemeal introduction to this. It is not a detailed study. The detailed study of this article has a lot of problems, including a lot of knowledge. I just told my classmates to study this article. Problems of historical culture, historical philosophy, and historical politics, then you must read the two books just mentioned, and carefully study the "Book of Diseases of the Kingdom of the World", each province, each county, each He has studied the regions.
Gu Tinglin read books, he read thousands of books, he also traveled all over the country, because he was determined to overthrow the Manchu dynasty and restore China's Ming Dynasty. Therefore, scholars, he did not come out to be an official in his lifetime, but he was very clever. Manqing could not allow him not to surrender or to be an official. His descendants and grandchildren went to be officials in Manqing and followed the Emperor Kangxi. . Therefore, he will not be forced to surrender, and he will never surrender. Studying this person is a historical philosophy, plus his knowledge and writings are all about national economy and people's livelihood. Academic writings are very famous, Gu Tinglin. That is to say, why do you add this paragraph to the golden mean? This is all about moral cultivation. You young people should know this, and why it is very interesting to add this paragraph to Ziluo Qiang. Because we now read ancient books, especially history books, let Song Ru circle him, circle him section by section, it seems to become a slogan, a clause. In fact, "University" and "The Doctrine of the Mean" are coherent articles, there is no separation in the middle, and chapters and sections are divided by posterity.
Therefore, in the habitual article, here is a climax. This climax also explains something. Those who practice learning to write ancient texts know that this climax indicates that if one wants to learn spirituality, or to learn, moral, and want to complete, he must Strong will, strong personality, the elder husband can do such a thing. The spirit of history is here, why do we think so, you will know when you see the next chapter.
Zi Yue: Su Yin, acting strangely, there is a saying in later generations: Wu Fu is the one. The gentleman obeys the way, and quits halfway; Wufu can already die. The gentleman relies on the golden mean, he never knows without regret, but the Holy One can do it.
The above mentioned first is to be strong, firm, hard-hearted, persevering, and big-husband-like, and to be able to say that we can learn to practice. Therefore, we have therefore quoted Confucius words to explain, Su Yin, strange behavior, these are two nouns. We now see the index of a certain book on the street, right? This name phrase was borrowed from Confucius. The so-called books sold on the street are indexed by the Thirteen Classics, and now the posters use this quote, and the quotes they used were not used in the past, "A Dream of Red Mansions", probably you haven't read them. The book is called Hong Lou Meng Suyin. Now index it is a reference book, check which sentence and which word of this book are there. Some ancient books use this Suyin, that is to say, the author of this book and the true meaning of this book are specially taken out, that is called Suyin. There is such a difference, Su Yin is different from the index.
But here is Su Yin, that's not the meaning. It is something that a person does. From researching things to very weird places, in modern words, they are called horns. After a scholar has drilled the horns of his horns, he has formed a special personality, which is very weird. The second type: Su Yin, acting strangely, that behavior is special. In Chinese history, making Su Yin acting strangely is another problem. Find a lot of historically hidden characters and strange characters. For example, the famous modern people: Qi Baishi, the one who engraved the stamp, would draw, and sometimes it ’s strange to do it, that's also the artist, Mingshi. Once in Beijing, a very important person asked him to engrave a stamp. Usually he does n’t engrav it. He is willing to engrave a stamp for you. Then that person sent someone to give a hundred dollars for nutrition, which is now equivalent to one thousand dollars. At a glance, one hundred yuan, the maid sent him the money: tipping you for a ride.
Most people watch strange things, there are many strange and weird people, you have a lot of these characters in history. We have a friend who has been a minister here. He is dead now. He was so poor that he did n’t have any food. He ran to a friend to borrow 2,000 yuan. He did n’t go to the restaurant for a long time. One person called a bottle of wine. He had n’t smoked for a long time. He took another pack of cigarettes. After they were brought in, the wine was also opened, and the good wine was drunk. “What food to eat?” What kind of things are good for you? "Eat them for a total of five or six hundred, and then take out two thousand:" What about tobacco and alcohol? " "I'll give you a tip for that much." I still have no money when I get home. You said he was weird, and he was used to it. He did the same. He didn't ask how much the tip was, and it was one of the blame.
There are many strange people. In the past, some literati learned well. Of course, that strange behavior is even more strange than me. Look at the painter, Ni Yunlin of the Ming Dynasty. Nothing in his garden should be touched. Not much to keep friends. One day, a friend was very good with him. He stayed with him for one night. The friend slept until midnight and coughed. He heard it and did not fall asleep all night: I do n’t know where the sputum is. After waiting for a friend to leave early in the morning, he asked the maid to get up from the bed, but he couldn't find all the places. The tree leaves in front of the window were found one by one, but they were not found at last. Already. I don't know where the sputum is. Ni Yunlin is so strange. Later, when a very powerful person asked him to draw a picture, he would never paint, otherwise he would kill him, and then he fled. After fleeing, he encountered the chaos between the Ming and Qing dynasties, and he was caught by others. Then, hit him and let him admit that it is Ni Yunlin. As long as you admit that you are Ni Yunlin, you let him go. You just didn't say a word, and you were half-dead. Then there was no way to see if he let him go again. Others asked him: why don't you cry? He said that it was cheesy and not elegant anymore (laughter).
There has been a lot of this kind of weirdo in history. It is very famous. It was very famous in the Northern and Southern Dynasties. Yuan Ji was a good forge, Yuan Shi was a good man. But strange people are famous, famous. Seven wise men in the bamboo forest in history, every sage has every strange. It's strange and weird, it's weird chicken, it's salty and weird to eat Sichuan food. Therefore, Confucius said: Su Yin, acting strangely, there are stories in later generations, a person has learned, really learned and very ordinary, very ordinary, bland. With a little talent, be smart, it must be weird. This kind of posterity is described in the later generations. Later generations are famous in history and literature, but it is not the right way. Confucius said, "I am the only one who will do this." I will never do it. This so-called Confucius is fame and fortune to most people. For example, the Yuan Dynasty in the Jin Dynasty: if you don't shed a hundred centuries, you will stink for thousands of years. People always keep their names in history, and do not leave Fangbaishi, and they are famous for scolding them for thousands of years. Such a strange behavior, Confucius said, I will not do this, I will never do it.
This is a typical, a norm. The second kind is better. I have worked hard on morals and learning throughout my life. Young people are committed to practice, follow the path, and learn everywhere. But after studying for a long time, he was thirty or fifty years old, and he was forty or fifty years old, and he could n’t repair any fruit. If the fruit could n’t be cultivated, he would lose it halfway. If he did n’t do it, it would change. Such a person has no beginning and no end. No, Confucius said, I, personally, I would never do this, nor do I. So what does a real person, an so-called intellectual, a scholar, a scholar, and an educated person, do as an individual? All learning, in order to achieve the state of internal cultivation, internality, and Tao, must depend on the mean. Inseparable from spiritual practice, inseparable from morality, without knowing it without regret, it is hidden for life, no one in the world knows you, no one knows you, and no one knows you are moral and learned.
Changing a word in the Book of Changes means that you do n’t see the world without seeing you, do n’t get bored, and never get bored, as Confucius said. I have never heard of you in my life, no one has known you in my life, I have no regrets, and I have used it very well, but in the Yi Jing, the original narrative of Confucius is better, no blame, no worries. Therefore, we look at Confucius' cultivation, his knowledge, and one of the Analects of Confucius also says: People do n’t know and do n’t hesitate, and there is no gentleman. Do not hesitate, not bored, think I am such a great person, you do not understand me, frown when you see people: you stupid people, I am a contemporary saint, I am a contemporary talent. Therefore, people are unaware of it and have no troubles to be able to get a person who has completed education and a person who has received advanced education. Without these two words, I came to Japan more than ten years ago, the same professor, I asked about your academic changes after the war, and he picked up a pen and wrote "a lot of people", he is an old professor of Chinese is very good , The two of us took a look and smiled. He's ridiculous, he doesn't have much ability. There are many people, and the true cultivation never sees and regrets. Confucius added a conclusion: Only the Holy One can do it. Only those who have internal cultivation can do it. What about internal spiritual practice? Ordinary and bland. I feel that it is not more remarkable than anyone else. In this way, the state-owned road is not blocked. Completely personal. The way of learning is here. This section together shows a norm, standard for one's learning, reasoning, and accomplishment. The state of preaching is as follows:
The gentleman's way is hidden and hidden. The foolishness of a couple can go with them, even to the utmost, although the saints also have no idea. Couples are not good, they can do it, and even so, although the saints can't do it. The world is so big that people still regret it. Therefore, gentlemen have a large language, and the world can't break it.
This place is truly modest. The Golden Mean book, Zi Sizhuan, the entire book describes Confucius's knowledge, morals, academic thinking, and establishes the name of the Golden Mean. The doctrine of the golden mean is the doctrine of the world. The doctrine of the golden mean speaks of the metaphysical body, and the true function of the act of personality, the use of morality is called the golden mean. Actually, where is this body? For example, the Buddhism states that the mind is transparent, and the ontology is called Zhenru. Where is the body? If you go to find a body, not only can't you find it for a lifetime, people who learn Buddhism from ordinary husbands to buddhas must be robbed by three major monks, and you can't find only eight major monks. Where is the body? The body is only seen in use, and the body is seen in all things. In other words, where is this Tao? All things are the way of the Tao, all things are the way of the Tao. The body is in phase, use, medium, and out-of-phase, and there is another individual. This body is also a phase, and is also used. Therefore, Confucius said in the I Ching: the metaphysical means the Tao, the metaphysical, the unknowable and invisible, the metaphysical means, the philosophical term, is metaphysical in the I Ching, Confucius said. Western philosophy turned over and called metaphysics, is Confucius a word.
Where is the body of this Tao? The way of a gentleman, you have to see the Tao, see the truth clearly, it ’s easy, it ’s easy to hide, the Tao is everywhere, take the Buddha ’s words, and go all the way to the law, your hair goes to the toes, under your soles, underground Mud shit is there because he is everywhere. But you can't find him. Therefore, it is called Rulai Tibetan in Buddhism and is omnipresent. But you are looking for a Rulai Tibetan, you said that I meditate now, my eyes closed to hide the Rulai Tibetan, where exactly are you using it, are you busy and ca n’t find it. Therefore, "the gentleman's way is hidden and hidden", omnipresent, that is, you can't find it and find the present way. Zi Si made a special note in this place, which shows that he realized the Tao and proved it.
Where is the Tao? "Fool's fool", between men and women, "can talk to each other", the mental behavior between men and women, all kinds of behavior, that is, between people, is Tao. But you say that this is the most common. There are people in the world, there are men and women, and men and women fall in love. Falling in love does not leave the Tao, but it is a problem that love is not in harmony with the Tao. "A couple's folly can go with it," but is it so easy to say? For example, how easy it is for "the foolishness of a couple" to reach a living person. We are all born. How the living person was born so far is still a major medical problem and has not been studied yet. Therefore, scientific research now does not rely on human beings. Being researched, people are made in the bottle, and they are ready to be made in the air in the future, scientists' illusions. If you say that fantasy will become a fact, you will not know. Even if a glass bottle creates a person, it is not surprising to create a person with one finger in the air. From the perspective of Chinese culture, there are people in the air, "the gentleman's way is hidden and hidden," and people are in the air.
It is easy to explain Chinese culture without scientific explanation. "The gentleman's way is hidden and hidden", and people are in the bottle. This is literary, then it is not science. But the truth is indeed such a truth. You know, the Word is everywhere, do you say it is everywhere? You have to be clear about sex, you have to see this Tao, "It ’s so great," "Although the saints have some ignorance," to the deepest, most mysterious, most truthful place of the Tao, the saints of the Tao also It is impossible to understand thoroughly, "Although the saints have some ignorance." Chinese culture speaks of sages, and even Lao Tzu, Shakyamuni Buddha are included. I still don't know, these two sentences killed someone. As far as I know, only one person answered best, these two sentences. A master of Zen in the late Ming Dynasty, Master Miyun Wu, answered these two sentences very well, only he. Therefore, many Confucians in later generations believe that the only reason is to study the Dharma and study the Confucian books after returning to them.
Therefore, Master Laoshan of the Ming Dynasty noted "University" and "The Golden Mean" for this reason. How did Master Miyun Wu answer? Miyun Wu is also called Tiantong Wu, because he also presided over the abbot in Tiantong Temple. At that time, the abbot was hired by the government, and he realized that the monk is a proper monk. The story of Master Mi Yunwu is almost the same as that of the Sixth Ancestor. He has never read books since he was a child. He was bitter and chopped firewood. He later became a monk. He became a monk to learn meditation. Later, his conversion disciples learned a lot of Buddhism from him, and learned a lot. A great Confucian came to him and asked him what books he would learn after he realized it. He said: "You have all taken the test for your name. Haven't you understood this after reading a lifetime?", "I understand the text. This way? Master, I really don't understand." He said this sentence, which shook ancient and modern times, and hasn't known it since ancient and modern times: "I do n’t know if the saints are full of sages and the saints are saints. If the saints are known, they are saints, and if they are sages, they are saints." Clear and clear.
The reason is that if we have read the Sixth Ancestry of the Altar, you know, "There was nothing, and where did you get the dust." The real enlightenment was that the five ancestors later asked him to enter the room again. When he told him the Diamond Sutra once, and when he said that he should be born without a place to live, the six ancestors came to realize it. He said a few words: What period is self-sufficient. This nature has the law of heaven and man, and the law of hell evil spirits. In itself, a man can be a saint, he can immediately become a devil, he can immediately go to hell, and he can also go to heaven immediately. So, have everything. Master Mi Yunwu replied that the foolishness of a couple can be associated with it. We, the ordinary men, always had the word, but they were sufficient. We ordinary people did not know. But in the same way, he is a saint who is relatively saints. He is fully aware of the Tao and possesses the saint law. There is another person who has got the Tao. I got the Tao. Like a child, my Tao can't be dropped. Do n’t move. I have a Tao. I ca n’t touch it. Your Tao is worthless.
The Tao is immutable and omnipresent. Therefore, he said: If the sage knows, if the sage has an enlightenment, he feels that I am enlightened, then he is not a saint. Just the leftovers. If a sage knows that he is a common man, the sage has the word and that taste. You ignore it, and there is no word. There is no real understanding. If the ordinary man knows that he is a saint, if the ordinary man knows this, then I am the Tao now, and the ordinary man becomes a saint and realizes the Tao. After realizing this, there will be no realm of realizing it, and you want to keep it. Do n’t touch me, eat, I do n’t eat anymore, I have a way, it ’s important to practice, that ’s not it. The answer is so thorough that no one has exceeded that since ancient times. He didn't mean to comment on The Doctrine of the Mean, others were very good at learning and couldn't understand. As soon as this was answered, the class of scholars opposed Buddhism, and both knees became soft, and they knelt down. Extremely brilliant.
Therefore, the following "what a couple does is not bad, they can do it, and to the extent that it is impossible for the saints to do it." The same reasoning. One is "knowledge" and the other is "action". Wang Yangming later talked about "knowing and doing". The practice is the bodhisattva practice. Only those who understand the Tao can practice it. However, Confucians are sages in terms of Confucianism. Sages are very ordinary. There is no bodhisattva in the so-called Bodhisattva path. Being a man should be a thing, and loving someone is a thing that a man should do. Saving people is a thing that a man should do. Man has achieved the extreme of being a Buddha. Buddha and man are just different names. So, do n’t read it together here. Couples can be stupid. Men and women are extremely stupid. Men and women are stupid. Love is the most stupid thing, the stupidest thing is the happiest thing. This is incredible, it's called the couple's way of doing things and it's hidden. The couple is not bad, the behaviors between men and women are inexplicable. But the behavior of the saint is also inexplicable. He knows that all sentient beings can't finish, he wants to cross all sentient beings, and he can't go through. I ca n’t become a Buddha if hell is n’t empty. You see this is not foolish. One is acting, the other is knowing. After Master Yun Miwu ’s explanation of these few sentences, the Golden Mean does not need to be explained, that is, his two-sentence explanation.
Ordinary men are saints if they know, and saints are ordinary men if they are known. The sage's way of life looks like that, for a dime, you can buy it. A person who has the word will not look like the word, it is ordinary. Fanfu knows that he is a sage, that is, a Buddha, and that all beings are Buddhas. After realizing it, he becomes a human. Fanfu Ruozhi is a saint. This meditation Zen is called transference. In this way, the whole truth is made clear. Ji Feng's remarks are the truth. Now some people are learning Zen, and they are not able to go out after turning around for a long time. What's the use? Master Miyun Wu gave a transfer phrase to "The Golden Mean", and everyone understood it, and then realized it. Speaking of this Tao, why is Tao hidden and omnipresent? We were originally in the Tao, but we could n’t find it, why ca n’t we find it? Big and nothing but, "The world is big, and people still have some regrets. So gentlemen have a big language, and the world can't suffocate." He said that the world, the universe, is unlimited and infinitely expandable. Zhuangzi was so big and nothing but so big. You say big, this is called big, the world is big, the universe is bigger, the galaxy system is big outside, big, there is always a side, no side.
Therefore, no exception, no exception, the smallest. Small but no inner, small can't be too small, can't be too small, it's empty, it's big. Therefore, size is an artificial assumption, and true size is no size. The truth in The Doctrine of the Mean is the same as that of Zhuangzi. When it comes to the Da Dao, the void is everywhere in the legal world, as described in the Buddhist scriptures. Think about these two sentences. How big is the Quartet? The bigger the Buddha says, the better. It's better not to see the shadows. It's incredible. It cannot be said how big it is. Therefore, in a big way, the Tao is large and the body is large. The Buddhist scriptures, "Fan Guang Hua Hua Yan Jing", is large and metaphysical. In your heart, if you see your own nature, you see your own nature, and the void is born in your heart, as a cloud is too clear, it is equivalent to a cloud floating in the void. The entire universe is so small on your mind and body, you see how big the mind body is. Many of you are sitting here to learn Buddhism. You have to know that this is what the Buddha said. It ’s the same as the mean. But everyone meditates with their eyes closed and plays there. They close their eyes and play in the inside. They ca n’t play in it, they ca n’t catch any thoughts, press there, then catch them by breathing. It ’s unclear how you catch it, how you can learn it. Confucianism, Taoism, and Buddhism are all the same.
Therefore, the language of the world is "the world can not be ridiculed", the language is small, "the world is not ridiculed", not too small, not too small. Learn the Tao, learn the concept of Buddhism, observe the bright spot, observe the light, and observe how small it is. I say that it is not too small. Xiaoda is only opposite if the two sides are opposite. There is no real absolute when the two sides are relative. This is the mean. There is an absolute, absolute and relative two, "I am absolute", "really?" "Absolute!" You see that he is relative, because the concept of absolute is opposite to the relative two. It is equivalent to saying, "I am absolutely not subjective", "You are not subjective?" "Objective" "Your very objective?" "Very objective" has been subjective. Subjective objective, objective subjective is this thing. Therefore, none of them are acceptable, and one of them has been missed. Therefore, the small language "The world is unable to break through", then told us all the Tao.
This time tells us very clearly where the Tao is to be repaired, where to see the Tao, find a golden mean, in other words, use a Buddhist saying, where do you go to see the truth, go and find, the fool of a couple can go against it, Tao During a meal. Zhuangzi is more thorough, saying that there is a way in urine and urine. But don't get your stool tested. That is to say, is the behavior moving, thinking moving, just look for it here. It ’s the way to eat and dress, and to fall in love with Buddha. Fei Yinyin, so when taking the Zen case, many people fell and became enlightened, and many people encountered enlightenment. Why is it so fast? Is the gentleman's way hidden and hidden? You can't find it everywhere. Therefore, saying this principle tells us that you are going to find it, although the saints do not know it. All of us follow the path of clever cleverness to find and build a path, so we cannot find it.
That's really feeble and hidden. The original thought is very clear. It's hidden away for you. Where is the Tao, he quotes our ancient culture in the Book of Songs:
Shi Yun: "The kite flew to the sky, and the fish leapt to the depths." Yan Qi also looked up and down.
"The kite flies in the sky, the fish jumps in the abyss", the bird flies in the air, and the fish jumps in the water. This is the Tao. In other words, the vitality and vitality are lively. The Tao is not a board. You close your eyes and sit there and cross your legs. It is to practice your meditation and change your mind and habit. It is not the Tao. This is not the way of seeing the Tao. This is just a gesture of learning to practice the Tao. Where the Tao is, the universe is omnipresent, and the void is everywhere in the void. Therefore, the Zen ancestor said: The green and green bamboo is the Dharma body, and the melancholy yellow flower is nothing like that.
Li Yun, Han Yu ’s disciple came to see Master Yaoshan. Finally, the old monk gave him a finger. In fact, the old monk must have read the doctrine, "Is it flying in the sky, and the fish is leaping into the depths?" come out. Later Li Li asked, "Master, I don't understand, you can tell me clearly," Yaoshan said, "the clouds are in the sky, and the water is in the bottle." Li Yan thought that he realized it, and immediately after he got down, he wrote an article called "Refolding Book" to restore his nature. After the publication of this book, Song Confucianists turned around in Li Zhi's renaissance books. The origins of Confucianism and Song and Ming Confucianism are as follows. Therefore, these two sentences of the mean, that is, said by Master Yaoshan, "Yanqi also looks up and down", look up, look down, Tao is everywhere and Tao is everywhere. You know, you stare to death, and you wo n’t see it when you change your mirror. Is the word always open and closed? He said everywhere. This article gives us the conclusion, this article of the Golden Mean is central, preaching:
The gentleman's way is about couples. It is also extremely close to the world.
He said that where the golden mean is, it is in life, between male and female couples, between yin and yang, and ordinary life. It is very ordinary life, extremely simple and low-level life, ordinary and moral basic here. Cultivation is two sides of life, and it is not the same. The path must be entered into the mountain, that is not the path. Where there is a road in the mountains, there is no road in the mountains, where is the road? The road is right there-the road, the road. The gentleman's way is about couples, that is, the life standard begins. You have realized enough of the life standard to understand yourself, that is, the Buddhists say that they know themselves, that is, they have a clear mind. Look at the world and finally pass the legal realm, and you will understand the whole. Get to know your own mind first. This is the Tao. The realm of the Tao really has the realm of the Tao. The boldness of the Tao, "the kite flies in the sky, and the fish leaps into the depths" includes the universe. The mind is the universe, and his own mind is the universe. While learning the Tao, sitting there meditating, frowning, then the head, teeth, legs are sore, the teeth bite the eyebrow headache, that is not Tao.
The Tao is very free, very broad, and lively in the spring breeze. The realm of Tao followed with quotations from Confucius and explained it profoundly.
子曰:道不远人,人之为道而远人,不可以为道。 "
孔子说人的属性,道就在你这里。你们读过《六祖坛经》,慧明禅师来追六祖,六祖给他赶得没有办法,把衣服一丢,就躲起来了,慧明禅师拿衣钵拿不动,大概那个时候六祖带着强力胶,那个衣钵粘住了。衣钵,一件衣服一个碗他就端不动了,也许虚脱了,跑高山趴上去。然后他就叫了:他说我是为道而来,不为衣钵。六祖就出来,他说“真的”“请你传我道”。所以,他叫他“不思善,不思恶,就在这个时候”,那一个是你的本来面目。所以,慧明禅师这样开悟了。开悟了以后还有一点点怀疑,去问六祖,他说五祖传给你除这个以外还有秘诀没有呀?还有密法没有?六祖说有呀,密密在你那里,不在我这里呀。什么叫密宗,个个有个密宗,密宗就在你那里。告诉你,心就是佛,你找不到心,也就是孔子的话,道不远人,道就在你那里,人之为道而远人,一般人学道,学圣人,一听,第一反感,第二相信,就会找一个道,没有事情找事情做,在那里闭眉闭眼的,那真是很苦呀,咬起牙硬在那里熬腿。他并不知道,道并不远人,人之以为道而远人,拼命去找这个道,越离开远。所以,佛经上说:不增不减。自己没有把道理搞清楚,以为道而远,不可以为道呀。
自己把道理没有搞清楚,以为道而远人,“不可以为道”啊!因此一般人不是加了一点,就减少一点,以这种方法来认识这个道,修这个道——并不是在修道,错了!道就在你那里,这本来就是道哦!
下面引用了《诗经》,引用中国上古文化《诗经》:
诗云:「伐柯伐柯,其则不远。」执柯以伐柯,睨而视之,犹以为远。故君子以人治人,改而止。
伐柯是干什么?砍木头。“柯”是斧柄,也是木头,木头的枝杈把它砍下来削好了以后,把它做斧头的、砍木头一个大斧头的把子。古人作的诗,很妙,你不要看古人做的诗,就是不需要读书的,有什么感情在(就自然表达出来)。在山里头砍木头,换句话说,“伐柯伐柯”,我们用白话说:“砍啊!砍啊!”就是那么作的。你不要看到《诗经》——哦哟!古诗啊!经典呀!经典是记载的古人“砍啊!砍啊!”那么你再用白话来写“伐柯伐柯”,(写成)“咔嚓咔嚓”(是)一样道理;你这样懂了,读古书很轻松。你要(是)跟着古人看注解,什么叫“伐”?“伐”者,砍也;什么叫“柯”?“柯”者木枝也;什么叫“枝”?“枝”者,树干也;什么叫“树干”?“树干”者,树杈也!哦,要写它几十万字,那就叫做书呆子!我是不会读书,我也不敢读书,对书呆子没有兴趣。所以我读古诗啊,我觉得很好,古人诗真做得好,“伐柯伐柯”,砍木头啊砍木头啊!就是这个事,就是在山上砍木头。
“其则不远”,怎么说呢?他说法则呀就在这里。砍木头砍惯了,看到这种木头,拿起斧头“咚”一下子就砍下来,砍惯了熟能生巧。那么在山里头砍木头,一个人影都看不见,嘴里一边念“嘿!嗬!”就砍下来了嘛!这很简单,就是“伐柯……”,就是这样。你以为做诗……没有特别的,就是这一套,因为我也会作诗,诗作会了以后——开始是真在作诗,学做诗,这个字要换那个字,那个字要换……做会了以后,诗者“嘶”也,乱嘶就嘶出来了!用脑子想一想不是好诗,真的好诗不用脑子想的,想出来那是诗匠的诗,不是诗人的诗。诗人的诗不用脑子想,所谓灵感;什么叫灵感?就是“伐柯伐柯”,就是这样一件事。
“其则不远”,他说这个法则呀,摆在前面。那么怎么解释呢?“执柯以伐柯,睨而视之,犹以为远。”这个解释妙得很了!“执柯以伐柯”,拿着一个斧头,然后像我们这些(人)到山里头割草、砍柴,我们一定会干出这种事情来,因为没有砍过嘛,人家拿把刀给你,这个要怎么砍啊?然后看着这个树,“睨而视之”,盯着这个树,砍这里啊?怎么砍啊?砍这里啊?砍下来!砍了半天也砍不下来,也砍不下去。
“执柯以伐柯”,拿着木头又去砍木头,“睨而视之”,“睨”,中国字很多,眼睛看的很多字都是眼睛旁,所谓“穷睇眄于中天”《滕王阁序》那个“眄”字,就是那么看(师示);“瞻彼淇澳”那个“瞻”就是这样看(师示);“回眸一笑百媚生”的“回眸”就是这个斜起来那么一撩(师示,众笑)。每一个字啊,每一个“目”字旁边啊,看那个形容那个眼睛看法不同。这个“睨”呀,那个眼睛瞪起来看,仔细打靶子,这个样子谓之“睨”。你要每个字要说清楚,要了解中国文化,中国字要认得。
他说砍木头,哎!我们这个外行砍木头拿着斧头,眼睛瞄着瞪着,就想一刀就把它砍下来,结果啊,树皮都砍不掉。所以“执柯以伐柯,睨而视之,犹以为远”哪!你越看越下不了手,砍不准。这个话你说是解释什么?你拿什么解释一个大概?最会讲的、乱吹的也吹到我这个样子为止了,没有办法解释,只好借用。借用什么?(借用)禅宗做以解释,这就是说人本来有道,这个道,人找不到道,禅宗有个比方:“骑牛觅牛”,你骑在牛背上说:“我牛在哪里呀?牛在哪里?”就是骑牛觅牛的道理。他说“伐柯伐柯,其则不远。执柯以伐柯,睨而视之,犹以为远。”拿禅宗一解释,完了!就是形容人骑牛找牛,你永远也找不到。
换句话说,人本来在道中,人本来有道,自己认不得自己心性就是道,偏要去修个道、找道,你一辈子也修不好了。所以修道永远没有看到人修成功,你在道中去修道,你怎么去找?所以由此你懂了以后,原来我们上古老祖宗的文化此道早就晓得了,不等禅宗兴起,已经都懂了。那就是“执柯以伐柯,睨而视之,犹以为远。”
“故君子以人治人,改而止。”这就是儒家了,中庸之道始终不想你推到高远地方去,始终把高远之道拿到平常之间来,平常就是道。所以道真正用,用到人生的道理、政治的道理,“以人治人”,你不要把这个“治”又看成政治了,就错了。“治人”,管理,怎么样人管理人,你看到别人的错误,你晓得:哦!人、我不能做这样的事。看到人家随便发脾气、莫名其妙,你不要发脾气来,你不要与人(发脾气),你又做错了。看到人家做了莫名其妙的事,你不要再(做),自己就要反省到,我碰到对人处事不能做这样子。就象你看到人家穿的衣服不对,自己背后都在歪起嘴巴在笑;可你的衣服要穿好啊!结果你说他穿得不对,你自己的衬衫都没有塞到裤带里头去,一半露在外面的——你笑人家,人家后面还在笑你呢!这就叫“以人治人”,你观察别人,自己晓得做人。
“改而止”。所以哪里有个标准啊?看到人家的错误,错误就是标准。佛在哪里?看到一切众生有苦,解脱出痛苦了就是佛;看到别人在莫名其妙起无明烦恼,你们的无明烦恼你哪里晓得去?就是《金刚经》讲“信心清净,即生实相”了。所以道哪里去找宝一样呢?你“执柯以伐柯”拿着斧头砍木头很容易呀!木头就在这里,你这么一砍就下去了。所以“以人治人,改而止”,别人的错误就是你的老师,那个错误的人就是你的老师。说怎么是老师?你看到他的时候给你一个警告,我不能做这个事;看到一个好人做了好事,他(也)是你的老师:哎!我应该效法这样做。所以“以人治人”。当然俗话讲,“人比人,气死人”;拿中庸讲,“人看人,好做人”,就是这个道理,改过来就懂了。
忠恕违道不远,施诸己而不愿,亦勿施于人。
这孔子所提倡,是传我们怎么样修道,怎么行道。孔子有一次传了密宗,孔子的密宗,你们晓不晓得?没有听到过啊?孔子在《论语》上传(过)。有一天,孔子看到(《论语》那个书上写得很妙)孔子莫名其妙,大概,(我想想哦,因为我久矣没有梦见他了!——一笑)坐在那里休息,好像正坐在摇椅上摇啊摇,曾子跑过来;曾子一定像我们这个禅堂在打七一样,天天在参话头啊、打坐啊,搞得昏头昏脑的,他前面刚刚跑过来,孔子把他一叫:“曾参啊!”叫他名字。那个曾子正在好好修道用功夫,听到老师一叫,头就一回转来:“做什么?”孔子说:“吾道一以贯之!”就这一句:“吾道一以贯之!”所以现在有个道叫“一贯道”,就是盗用孔子这个话来的(众笑)!孔子讲“吾道一以贯之”,这句书,你看《论语》上一读,妙得很噢!你读懂了这个书,趣味无穷!“参乎!”这个原文记载,孔子就叫:“某人!你过来!”曾子这时一回头;还没有等他开口,孔子说:“吾道一以贯之!”就是这个!“曾子曰:”曾子一看:“唯(是)!”懂了,开悟了!“唯!”就是“是!”开悟了。
“曾子出”,曾子开悟了,他们两个在这里头演戏,师徒两个传了密宗了!外面同学在外面等着:把他叫过去干什么?挨骂啊?还是给他东西呀?结果不晓得他们两个搞什么。“曾子出,门人问,”曾子一开门啊,这帮同学们问他:哎?老师有什么传你呀?“哎,夫子之道,忠恕而已矣!”没有什么,你不要怀疑,老师并没有传我什么,只告诉我做人做事“忠恕而已”。你看曾子是孔子学生的传道的最诚恳的人,结果说了慌话,出门就扯谎!(众笑)
孔子说,“一以贯之!”就是这个!他同学问他,他说成是“夫子之道”两个,“忠恕而已矣”!他(孔子)告诉他一个,他变成两个了;加上孔子“一以贯之”,三个了(众笑)!所以呢,你看《论语》这一节书越读越有趣、越读越妙,我当时读到,“咦?!这个真妙!”当然学了禅宗以后再读的这个书。孔子传给他“道”。颜回死了,孔子那么多弟子,只有传道于曾参,可是曾参最鲁,“鲁”是个性,不是笨,最老实,话都讲不清楚,你叫他上台讲话,结结巴巴的,可是你说他人嘛,真诚恳、真老实,这样叫做“鲁”。所以他最后传道,“一以贯之”给他。他出来告诉人家“忠恕而已”。他看这一班同学功夫没有到,学问没有到,所以只好给他讲行,不讲道体。就是“这个”!这个是哪个呀?“一以贯之”,一以贯之贯到哪里呢?如果向心窝子灌,心脏出了毛病;向脑子里灌,脑会发炎;灌到哪里去呢?被日本人用刑,鼻子里灌上了辣椒水,那更不是“一以贯之”了!他说“这个!”禅宗所谓讲“这个!”他懂了。那么曾子出来呢,没有办法告诉同学们,因为晓得他们都没有到,你只要好好做人,“夫子之道,忠恕而已矣!”
什么叫“忠恕”呢?推己及人。你想到不愿意做的事,你不要叫人家做;我不愿意拿的东西不要叫人家拿;我不愿意听的话,你不要讲给人家听;你怕人家骂你,你不要骂人;你怕人家笑你,你不要笑人。这是忠恕之道。忠,推己及人;恕道,包容人家;就是讲行为了,这是恕,恕(就是)能够包容。所以“夫子之道,忠恕而已。”
那么这里,所以进一步孔子传道于曾子,曾子做了他的心得,这(就)是《大学》这一篇。曾子传道给孔子的学生,因为孔子的儿子早死,(只有孙子,孔子的孙子子思,)曾子又传道给孔子的孙子子思,子思著《中庸》,叙述他祖父的这个“道”。所以他这里解释:
“忠恕违道不远”,你注意一个字了吧?忠恕是不是违道这个“违”字。好了,他跟他老师俩讲两样的话了。曾子说:孔子叫他,“曾参,吾道一以贯之。”曾子出门,同学问,“夫子之道,忠恕而已”,一个变成两个。那么,我们刚才提出来讨论,曾子没有把真正的孔子的心法(表达、)表达不出来,只好在行为上叫同学们:你慢慢去修吧!
所以修道的东西并不是见道的东西,所以“忠恕”是行,不是见道。但是忠恕行道这个行,同“道”距离并不远,就是这个东西,一个手的(两面)这一面(和翻过来)这一面。所以呢,这里面特别注意一个字,就是画龙点睛一个眼睛,“忠恕违道不远”。忠恕怎么可以讲它“违”道呢?忠恕是行上、道的行,中庸重要是讲见道以后修道的,这一“见”很难。所以从“行”上来见道不是不可见,其实行道才能见道,由于短距离,所以忠恕违道并不远,它近似“道”。善行真的做到了,这个道你不要愁见,自然会悟道,就是(看)你的道德善行到家不到家。佛家也一样,佛家说《金刚经》也好,各种(经典)讲,你要善行功德圆满,你的智慧自然开发、自然会悟道了,会证得菩提,会得到般若。所以说“忠恕违道不远”。
告诉青年同学们,读书不能马虎,像这些书也不是老师(教的。)我当年老师教我只晓得背,管他违道不违道,只要背了不错、不打手心就好了!为什么看到一个“违”字啊,管它(呢!)什么都不管。中年以后,自己慢慢懂了,哎呀? !!怎么“忠恕违道不远”,这是干什么的呀?古人写文章不乱用一个字的,换不得的!所以“违道”这里是画龙点睛一只眼。所以他说“忠恕之行,违道不远。”
“施诸己而不愿”,什么样的事情你自己不愿意人家加在你身上的痛苦,你不要加给别人身上去,这就是道。佛家的这就是慈悲。什么事情我不愿意接受的,你不要叫人家接受去做。换句话,剩饭酸了,我不愿意吃,但是说“某人,你喜欢吃酸的,你吃吧!”那就不忠恕,没有这个道理;宁可你把它倒掉。你都不愿意,为什么给人家?这个心太不好。所以啊,“施诸己而不愿,亦勿施于人,”你不要叫人家去做,这是忠恕的道理。那么,他引用他的祖父孔子的话,然后再说(还是孔子的话):
君子之道四,丘未能一焉。所求乎子,以事父,未能也;所求乎臣,以事君,未能也;所求乎弟,以事兄,未能也;所求乎朋友,先施之,未能也。
“君子之道四,丘”——我们小的时候不敢这样念——“某”,不敢念“丘”字哦!这个丘字你看少一笔,为什么少一笔呀?古文写到皇帝、圣人的名字不能完全写出来,写出来不得了哦!这是犯讳的!那不得了,帝王时代要杀头的呀!所以念到“丘”,“丘”是孔子的名字,孔丘,所以只好念“某”,是要这个样子的。所以后来因为帝王时代,姓“邱”的人,本来都是这个丘,为了避讳,所以“丘”字旁边加一个耳朵。你贵姓啊?我姓“邱”,我那个多一个耳朵的。其实都是一个“丘”。为了避开圣人的名字,所以多了一个耳朵来听一听,所以“丘”姓要写成这个“邱”。
他说,“君子之道”有四种,人格有四种标准;“丘未能一焉”,你看孔子的谦虚!他说,我啊做人做一辈子一样都没有做到。哪四种?
“所求乎子以事父,未能也。”他说我不是个孝子,真正做到做人的、儿子的本分,孔子说我很抱歉,很遗憾,我没有做到。因为孔子父亲早死,他是个孤儿,母亲后来死了,非常痛苦,又穷苦,有个哥哥还是跛子,还要他十二岁就要开始做事,养哥哥养姐姐,所以他讲“所求乎子以事父,未能也。”其实他并不是不孝,父母早过世了。
“所求乎臣以事君,未能也。”让我好好做人家一个大干部、高级干部,我没有做到,很抱歉! how to say?鲁国叫他做了三个月的司法行政部长,他上来把鲁国第一名人“少正卯”就杀掉,因此引起大家政治上的攻击、排挤他,三个月就下台。他想为鲁国真正做一点根本文化,治国平天下,他结果做不到,因此他只好离开自己的国家,周游列国,所以他觉得“所求乎臣以事君,未能也。”他说我也够不上,没有做到。
“所求乎弟以事兄,未能也。”就是兄弟之间,他的兄弟、一个哥哥,后来靠他,年轻时候他什么事情都干过,也给人家干过收税捐,跑去打工、收税、什么都搞过。他哥哥后来又早过世,他说我没有尽到对哥哥好好地伺候的责任。
“所求乎朋友,先施之,未能也。”对朋友之间呢?他说我也有遗憾,没有做到。“先施之,未能也。”这句话很严重,他的好朋友很多,魏国的***就是他的好朋友,齐国的人、小矮子宰相、历史上的贤宰相晏婴是他的好朋友,但是后来齐国大臣叛变、亡的时候,晏婴受难的时候,孔子没有办法救,那心里非常痛苦!他说我的朋友,“先施之”,我怎么先施之?我接受朋友的好处太多了,朋友布施给我的太多了,朋友没有困难,我先能够布施给朋友的他说我做不到啊!他一辈子穷,只能接受人家的好处多,他说人家没有给我好处、我先能够给人家好处我做不到噢!
所以都很痛苦!孔子的痛苦,一个人真正反省自己,你们还年轻不知道;到了几十岁,反省自己,家庭、父子、兄弟、朋友之间,稍稍有道德修养的人,这种遗憾就来了,对朋友帮不上忙,那个心里无比的痛苦!

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