www.hg1537.com How powerful are the ancient champions

How powerful are the ancient champions

Source: Time: 2020-02-21 02:39:48

Millennium Tongzhou vitality north stream

Because of the influence of war culture and martial arts culture, the number one champion in today's eyes always has a bit of mysterious metaphysics. In the folk context, most of the legends related to it are filled with the atmosphere of the rivers and lakes, as if the city ranger and the Xinke Wuju were originally from the same origin. In fact, the champions of martial arts and the system of martial arts that produced them were a relatively closed system in ancient China, far from the Jianghumen school that has gradually emerged since the Qing Dynasty.
The martial arts system was first established in the second year of Chang'an in Wu Zetian of the Tang Dynasty (702 AD). It ’s important to think that the rankings will rise and fall. ” Among them, "long stack" refers to the skill of archery, "carbine" refers to the horse riding a gun, "Qiaoguan" refers to the large wooden bolt that lifts the gate of the city, and "Qingzhong" refers to weight lifting as its name implies.
However, the start of martial arts in the Tang Dynasty had a weak influence, and there was no concept of "martial champion". The only Mid-Tang Dynasty general, Guo Ziyi, who was familiar to future generations, only recorded his "Wuju Advanced" history, without a detailed ranking.
Guo Ziyi
On the surface, Wuju in the Tang Dynasty seemed fair and just, which was conducive to the class promotion of the people at the bottom. However, if you analyze it carefully, you will find that the martial arts system was created only to train military people who are loyal to the central court. It is still difficult for ordinary people to squeeze into the military system.
The "carbine" test alone is enough to exclude most of the bottom families-most people cannot afford the cost of war horses at all. Even if apart from the equestrian assessment, in order to do a good job of "climbing off" and "emphasizing", you must also have sufficient muscle training, not the nutritional conditions of ordinary families at that time were sufficient to support. We can approximate that the brave samurai class can naturally only arise from wealthy families. At the end of the Qing Dynasty, there was still a saying that "poor culture is rich and martial arts".
By the Song Dynasty, the gentry declined, and the Dai nationality rose, and the cultural imperial examination almost completely replaced the original gatekeeper system. As for martial arts, the Song people also have a unique set of aesthetic standards.
In the Song Dynasty, Wuju added a "countermeasures" test, requiring candidates to be familiar with the "Seven Books of Wujing" ("Sima Method", "Sun Tzu", "Wu Zi", "Wei Liaozi", "Three Strategies for Huangshi Gong", "Ginger "Tai Gong Liu Tao", "Tang Li asked right"), greatly improved the cultural quality of the gate. At the same time, equestrian, strength and other family-affected examination gates have been reduced, giving many scholars the opportunity to take military examinations. Only in this way, the entry of high-level martial arts talents was restricted. Therefore, an "excellent course" was added to reduce the "strategic" standard and raise the "yong martial arts" standard to specifically accommodate candidates with high martial arts strength but low cultural quality.
At first glance, Wuju in the Song Dynasty has the charm of examinations in modern military schools. After all, it is not necessary to demand too much personal martial arts for the general to take wisdom first. However, the actual performance of the Wuju people in the Song Dynasty was unsatisfactory, and they could not rely on their wisdom to lead the Song army to crush the surrounding barbarians. Several famous players in the Song Dynasty, such as Di Qing, Yue Fei, Han Shizong, etc., were all professional soldiers.
The root cause is that the hollowness of traditional military science is one of the reasons. Prior to the birth of modern military codes, military management and martial arts training were in the hands of professionals, and it was difficult for outsiders to get a full picture. In ancient China's military strategy, it also preferred to generalize, and refused to elaborate on the operation process. Therefore, by simply reading the ancient art of warfare, it is easy to fall into a state of incompetence in empty theoretical action.
After the death of the Song Dynasty, from the Yuan Dynasty to the early Ming Dynasty, the army was composed of hereditary military households, and the martial arts selection system returned to the state before the early Tang Dynasty. Although the martial arts assessment is not abandoned, there are also bow and arrow competitions and parallel weapon competitions (the so-called parallel guns, that is, the two men decide with a spear). The military selection system only allows military households to participate.
After the battle of Zhongmu Earthen Castle, the status of hereditary martial arts declined, and the civilian officials began to command the army directly, and the martial arts pathway was gradually opened to the outside world. Wuju in the Ming Dynasty and Wuju in the Song Dynasty are quite similar. They attach great importance to "strategy" or may be regarded as the result of a counterattack by civil servants in the imperial examination system. In terms of martial arts assessment, the martial arts of the Ming Dynasty did not have any novel creations, and it still focused on bow horse skills.
Martial arts selection scene
Although the Ming Dynasty never held a martial arts palace test except for the Chongzhen Dynasty, the folk still gave the title of "Martial Champion". Unfortunately, the No. 1 champion in the Ming Dynasty in the martial arts performance was unremarkable, not as good as some civil servants in the imperial examination system. Several Ming dynasties, such as Zhang Fu, Qi Jiguang, Li Chengliang, etc., either came from the army or were hereditary attachés, none of them were martial arts.
Compared with the Song and Ming dynasties, the status of martial arts in the Qing Dynasty has been greatly improved, and more attention has been paid to martial arts assessment. The content of the "strategy" exam is simple. The martial arts competition is rich in content and has a high degree of difficulty. It is divided into step shooting, riding shooting, dancing knives, and lifting stones.
In 1885, a Frenchman watched the Provincial Examination of Wuju in Nanjing and recorded the examination process with words and drawings with great interest. Among the many assessment contents, the most interesting one is "shooting the earth", which requires that the test taker must shoot the ball from the small mound of hump with a special shaped arrow while riding. If the bow force is insufficient or inaccurate, it is difficult to succeed.
"Shoot the Earth"
Regrettably, although it is quite different from Song Ming's Wuju, Wuqing in the Qing Dynasty only selected a group of powerful and good warriors for the imperial court, and did not produce even a famous record.
After synthesizing the martial art experience of the Tang, Song, Ming, and Qing dynasties, it is not difficult to find that the martial arts examination system can only assess those skills that are “easy to assess”. For the extremely complicated ability of "handsome talent", only war is the best method of verification. However, pure martial arts examinations can at least select excellent warriors such as archery, equestrian, and martial arts. A "test" martial arts such as Song Ming can only produce nerds who are not qualified for martial arts.

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