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hg0755com Baby's supplementary food is added, just read this! (Highly recommended for collection)

Baby's supplementary food is added, just read this! (Highly recommended for collection)

Source of information: Time: 2020-02-21 02:39:03

Millennium Tongzhou vitality north stream

Text │ Domo
Image source: Panorama
When does your baby start adding supplements? Why add a complementary food? How to add complementary food? Can salt be added to complementary foods? Want to cheer? Is the egg less than 1 year old? When do you drink fresh milk? ...
Presumably any novice mother has experienced such a stage, facing the baby's complementary food path, like a headless fly, at a loss. Thinking back to the time when Doudou was about to add complementary foods, I also had a deep feeling that my eyes were blackened.
Because of the same feelings, Douma has specially compiled the following scientific principles and practical methods for adding supplementary food for babies who are also novices.
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01
Best time to add complementary foods
4-6 months is the best time for your baby to add complementary food. How to understand? That is, supplementary food can be added at the earliest after the baby is 4 months old, and breastfeeding babies are recommended to start the supplement after 6 months, but no later than 8 months.
But in fact, each baby's personal situation is different. The so-called best time varies from person to person.
For example, the baby in Family A started to add complementary food in 4 and a half months, while the family in Family B added it after 6 months, and the timing of adding complementary food was not good or bad. As long as your baby sends you the following signals, it means that you can try to start the food journey of life for him.
Signal 1: The baby's tongue reflex disappears, that is, the baby will not spit out food other than liquid with his tongue;
Signal 2: The baby is beginning to show a clear interest in adult food;
Signal 3: When the baby is sitting correctly, he can control his neck freely, which means that the baby can add complementary food in the sitting position;
Signal 4: The baby can eat 1000ml or more breast milk or formula within 24h;
Signal 5: After the baby is full, he can close his little mouth, shake his head, and push the food away to indicate "No".
In addition, there is a funny sign that it appears after the baby has been able to accept the mud-like food better. If your baby can already hold the food with his hands, it often means that he can start to try solid food.
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02
Why add a complementary food?
Not all say that breast milk is rich in nutrition. Why does the baby need to add extra food to supplement the nutrition after 4-6 months? Is breast milk becoming less and less nutritious?
As you can see from the figure above, it's not that the nutrition of breast milk has deteriorated, but that the baby's energy consumption has increased. This energy consumption includes not only the daily activities of ta, but also the baby's growth and development needs. But simply relying on the supply of breast milk can no longer meet the needs of the baby's activities and growth. This is one of the reasons why babies are recommended to add complementary foods in 4-6 months.
In addition, at the age of 4-6 months, the baby's digestive system has matured, and the gastrointestinal function is also ready to accept new food.
Therefore, adding supplementary food to your baby is really a well-planned activity with "internal" needs and "internal" preparations.
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03
Basic principles of food supplements
According to the "Infant and Toddler Feeding Guide" issued by the Chinese Nutrition Association, the principle of adding complementary food to a baby is: only add one new food at a time, from little to more, from thin to thick, from fine to coarse, and gradually.
For example, a baby can start with iron-rich muddy or pasty foods (such as iron-containing rice flour, vegetable puree, etc.), and then gradually increase different food types with the same food characteristics, and then transition to semi-solid or solid foods (such as rotten Noodles, fruit pieces, etc.).
It should be noted that each introduction of a new food should be carried out 2-3 days after the previous food is adapted. Parents should closely observe the baby for rashes and diarrhea during this period.
If you notice discomfort, you should stop trying immediately, you can try this kind of food after 7 days interval.
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04
Practical suggestions for adding complementary foods
4-6 months
Suggested supplementary food properties: paste, mud
Suggested supplementary food types: cereals, vegetables, and fruits (note: the baby's first food supplement, "high iron pure rice flour" is recommended, which can supplement iron and has less allergies)
Suggested food supplement: 1-2 spoons (small spoon in milk powder jar)
Suggested feeding method: Put it in a bowl instead of a bottle and feed it softly instead of mixing it in breast milk or formula
Suggested number of additions: 1-2 times / day. Adding complementary foods at the beginning is recommended to start with the most acceptable meal for your baby and mother, usually at noon or afternoon. It is not recommended to add complementary foods at the first meal in the morning and the last meal before bedtime.
The relationship between complementary foods and "milk": It is best to add complementary foods at the beginning, and it is best to arrange to add them before breastfeeding, because the added amount is relatively small, it cannot be used as a meal replacement.
6-9 months
Suggested supplementary food properties: paste, mud, smashed food, chopped food, food that can be grasped by hand
Suggested supplementary food types: cereals (such as porridge), vegetables (such as chopped vegetables), fruits (such as lumpy fruits), fish (such as fish puree), and eggs (from a small amount of egg yolk to whole egg yolk to whole egg ), Meat (such as minced meat)
Suggested food supplement: 3-4 scoops (small spoon in milk powder jar)
Suggested feeding method: Put the food in a bowl or cup and feed it softly
Suggested number of additions: 2-3 times / day
The relationship between complementary foods and "milk": If you can replace food with complementary foods, you still need to ensure that the amount of milk is 600-800ml per day
9-12 months
Suggested supplementary food types: soft rice, noodles, steamed buns, chopped vegetables, minced meat, soy products, stuffed foods, and a mix of various food varieties
Suggested food supplement: 3-4 scoops (small spoon in milk powder jar)
Suggested feeding method: Put food in a bowl or cup, feed with soft spoon or chopsticks, or encourage baby to do it by himself
Suggested addition times: 3-4 times / day, generally babies can give 2 complete complementary foods when they are 10 months old
The relationship between complementary food and "milk": at least 600ml of milk should still be consumed every day
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05
Other Frequently Asked Questions about Baby Food Supplements
First, when can babies eat salt?
Older generations have said that babies with salt have strength. In fact, the sodium content in foods such as breast milk and nutritious rice noodles is enough for daily needs. Moreover, the baby's kidney function is not yet perfect, and excessive addition of sodium salts will increase the burden on the baby's kidney.
Therefore, according to the World Health Organization and dietary guidelines for Chinese residents, babies under 1 year of age should not add salt to food.
Moreover, even if they are 1 year old, as long as the baby does not show the requirements for food taste, such as ta start to reject a certain commonly eaten food, can continue to diet without salt.
Second, when do you eat eggs?
Previously, it was considered that whether it is egg yolk or egg white, it is likely to cause allergies to your baby. Therefore, it is recommended to try a small amount of egg yolk after 6 months, such as 1/4 or less, and gradually transition to eating 1/2 or even the whole one. For protein, it is recommended to contact after 1 year of age.
But the latest view is that delaying your baby's exposure to foods that are prone to allergies (such as eggs, shrimp, peanuts, etc.) does not prevent allergies. And according to a recent study published abroad in the Journal of the American Medical Association, the earlier an infant adds eggs or peanuts, the lower the risk of allergies.
Therefore, if your baby is well adapted to the "yolk" in the process of gradually increasing the amount, you can try adding egg white in the next step. However, if your baby has an allergic reaction such as a rash at the yolk stage, it is recommended to stop trying.
Third, do you want to eat oil?
There is a big principle for baby's complementary food, that is, do not add flavoring agents (such as salt, sugar, monosodium glutamate, etc.). However, this does not include the "edible oil" flavoring agent. That's right, don't neglect the addition of "edible oil" after your baby's complementary food.
According to the Dietary Guidelines for Chinese Residents, babies aged 7-9 months need to add 5-10g of oil, which is half or a spoonful of ordinary white porcelain spoons, on the basis of adding cereals and fruits.
If your baby is already able to replace meals and complementary foods, add 3-4 drops to each meal's complementary foods. Of course, the specific situation is analyzed in detail. If your baby eats pork liver liver mud with high fat content, you can also not add it.
And which cooking oil is better? Linseed oil, walnut oil and perilla oil are the most recommended cooking oils for babies. If it is too expensive, olive oil, soybean oil, etc. are also very good choices.
Fourth, when can I eat fresh milk?
According to the American Academy of Pediatrics, babies can drink whole milk after 1 year of age. In addition, according to the Hong Kong District Health Department, daily meals for children after the age of 1 have begun to become the main source of nutrition for the baby. Therefore, daily intake of 360ml-480ml of milk can meet the daily calcium requirements .
As for drinking low-fat or skimmed milk, the baby needs to be bigger. It is recommended to drink low-fat milk after 2 years old, and skim milk is recommended to try again after 5 years old.
There are two types of milk on the market. One is pasteurized fresh milk, which retains better nutrition. It is also a good choice for babies to contact with milk after 1 year of age. The second is normal temperature pure milk, which has the advantage of a long shelf life. Although there may be some loss of B vitamins and folic acid in the nutritional ingredients, it is also a very good choice of baby milk.
As for 1 year old, do I need to transfer more than 3 stages of milk powder? According to the American Academy of Pediatrics and other health agencies, babies can use milk instead of milk powder as a daily source of milk after the age of 1. In other words, children do not need to grow up next to milk powder.
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Mommy's conclusion
There is a famous saying widely spread among second-born mothers: Dabao keeps it according to the book, and Erbao keeps it as a pig.
No matter what your mentality is now, scientific parenting does allow us to understand more and effectively avoid some behaviors that may be harmful to your baby. However, as for whether everything must be meticulously followed the rules of scientific parenting, it depends on the individual.
Dou Ma believes that a healthy and comfortable form of the baby is the best parenting. The same goes for your baby's complementary food.
Finally, I wish our lovely babies a smooth and smooth road to complementary food!

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