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hg.ljiapei.com 1936 Zhang Xueliang rescues Mao Anying brothers

1936 Zhang Xueliang rescues Mao Anying brothers

Information source: Time: 2020-02-21 02:38:19

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In October 1930, after the sacrifice of the martyr Yang Kaihui, the three brothers Mao Anying, Mao Anqing, and Mao Anlong took refuge in Shanghai. Soon, Mao Anlong died of illness. Mao Anying and Mao Anqing were adopted by Rev. Dong Jianwu and lived a hard life for several years.
Mao Anqing (left) and Mao Anying (right) in childhood
Dong Jianwu is a member of the underground party of the Communist Party of China. He graduated from Shanghai St. John's University with classmate Song Ziwen. Entrusted by Song Qingling in January 1935, he brought the KMT Central Party's secret letter for peace talks with the Communist Party of China and personally sent him to northern Shaanxi. The road was blocked because of heavy snow, and Zhang Xueliang was asked to help him. Zhang Xueliang drove him to the airport in person. The American pilot drove Zhang Xueliang's plane to Yan'an. Since then, the two have formed a deep friendship.
In the first half of 1936, Dong Jianwu was again entrusted by Song Qingling, who escorted American journalist Snow and doctor Ma Haide to the northern Shaanxi Soviet area and came to Xi'an again. After the task was completed, Dong Jianwu originally wanted to return to Shanghai as soon as possible, but Zhang Xueliang asked him to spend several days in Xi'an. On one occasion, Zhang Xueliang invited Dong Jianwu to eat. Dong Jianwu found that Zhang Xueliang had an unpleasant appearance, and he ate very little food. He asked why. It turned out that Zhang Xueliang had a pair of Ming Dynasty vases, which he liked very much. Miss Zhao Si accidentally broke one and he was very distressed.
After this conversation, Dong Jianwu reported to Liu Ding, the representative of the Communist Party of China in the Northeast Army, and told him that Zhang Xueliang and his wife liked porcelain very much. In order to connect feelings, they could buy a few pieces of porcelain for him, and Liu Ding also agreed. So Dong Jianwu went to the Nanyuan Gate to find an antique shop. The owner of the shop often went to Shanghai to get goods, and he was familiar with Dong Jianwu. Dong Jianwu bought a set of Song Dynasty colored porcelain from him and sent it to Zhang Xueliang. If you can't put it down, you have to buy it with a lot of money. Dong Jianwu insisted.
Later, Zhang Xueliang heard that Dong Jianwu was going back to Shanghai, and Zhang set up a family dinner as a farewell. During the banquet, Zhang asked what was required. Dong said: "The vice-seat can stop the civil war and unify Japan, I am willing to suffice!" Zhang nodded and said yes. But he asked, is there any personal request? It turns out that Zhang is still upset about the gift of antiques. When Dong Jianwu saw Zhang Xueliang being so sincere, he asked: "I have three elementary school students, two are the revolutionary children I raised, and one is my son. If I am taken care of, I hope to send them to the Soviet Union to study in the future. National service. "Zhang Xueliang smiled and agreed to do so.
Shortly after Dong Jianwu returned to Shanghai, one morning, he suddenly received a call from Li Du telling Zhang Xueliang that he had arrived in Shanghai. Dong Jianwu was overjoyed. Zhang told him to fulfill his promise made in Xi'an and asked him to meet in a coffee shop the next morning. Zhang Xueliang came to Nanjing for a meeting. After the meeting, he came to Shanghai by car, mainly to visit his old friend Li Du. Li Du was an old subordinate of Zhang Xueliang, who lived at No. 3, Lane 9, Baoji Road (now Huaihai West Road Baoqing Road) in Shanghai at that time. Although he was in the bustling metropolis of Shanghai, he always missed the miserable elders of Baishan and Heshui. He has sent people to the Northeast many times to organize anti-Japanese activities. He himself has always requested to go to the Soviet Union, recruit old people living in the Far East, and return to the Northeast to continue the Anti-Japanese War. The purpose of Zhang Xueliang's visit was to try to help him go abroad as soon as possible, and to ask him to take his three children to the Soviet Union. Li Du quickly agreed to Zhang Xueliang's request.
After receiving a phone call from Zhang Xueliang, Dong Jianwu thought that sending Mao Zedong's two children to go abroad was a major event, and he was afraid to make a decision without authorization. He immediately reported to the underground party organization and asked for instructions. The organization decided to send Liu Zhonghua (single-line contact with Dong Jianwu, former director of the Beijing Garden Bureau after the founding of the People's Republic of China, persecuted to death during the Cultural Revolution) to see Zhang Xueliang with him.
Early the next morning, Dong and Liu came to a French cafe on Columbia Road in the western suburbs of Shanghai. The cafe just opened and the waiter led them into a quiet single room. They asked for two cups of coffee to drink slowly. After a while, Zhang Xueliang and Li Du came in. Zhang Xueliang introduced them and said, "Come! Meet this, General Li Du, commander of the Jilin Anti-Japanese Self-Defense Force." Dong Jianwu also introduced them to Liu Zhonghua. After the four were seated, Zhang Xueliang said, "Mr. Dong, I'm very sorry. I came to Shanghai secretly this time, so I can't invite you to visit the house. Recently, General Li Du was going to the Soviet Union to visit, in fact, he wanted to visit The Anti-Japanese Volunteers who retreated to the Soviet Union were reorganized and brought back home, and I would like to take this opportunity to let General Li take your three children to the Soviet Union. Do you think this is appropriate? "
Dong Jianwu and Liu Zhonghua agreed on Zhang Xueliang's arrangement. Zhang Xueliang also said: "I will be responsible for the expenses of the three children's overseas." A cheque of 100,000 francs was sent to Dong Jianwu, asking him to send the child to Li as soon as possible. Du's family quickly made preparations for going abroad. After the matter was settled, Zhang Xueliang immediately stood up and said, "It is inconvenient to stay here for a long time." So the four hurriedly left. Zhang Xueliang was worried about the safety of Dong Jianwu and others, and personally sent them to the French park by car. When he entered the park safely, he drove away.
After Dong Jianwu returned, he immediately prepared the children for the country, purchased three new small suitcases, and bought many daily necessities. Although it was summer, they also made a small gray cotton jacket for each of them. In addition, each person bought two sets of navy clothes, leather shoes and shirts. Soon, Dong Jianwu sent three children, Mao Anying, Mao Anqing, and Dong Shouqi, to Li Du's home by car. Li Du lived in a small Danish-style mansion. He prepared a bedroom for the three children and placed a large Simmons. Bed, and let their adjutants teach them how to eat Western food and how to live abroad.
After researching the Shanghai Underground Party, Yang Chengfang and Li Du, who decided to send Shanghai Red Trade Union to work together, were responsible for escorting three children along the way.
In early July 1936, General Li Du, under the pseudonym of Wang Yuanhua, went through various formalities to go abroad, and with three "sons", he boarded the French cruise ship Cantoroso and went to the Soviet Union for inspection. Accompanying him were his deputy, secretary, translator, and Zhang Xueliang, a teacher, plus Yang Chengfang and three children, a total of 9 people. The ship passed Hong Kong, Saigon, Mumbai, the Suez Canal, the Mediterranean Sea, and reached Marseille, France in early August.
Such a thing happened during the voyage. Dong Shouqi recalled: "One or two days before arriving at the port of Marseille, one thing caught our curiosity. That night, several accompanying adults suddenly got busy, pulled the curtains first, and locked the cabin door. , And then turned over the box, turned out many small cartons pressed on the bottom of the box, and secretly threw them into the sea from the window. This time can stun our three children. What is this? When the adults didn't notice, they opened the carton, which turned out to be full of bright pistol bullets. Anqing and I got excited and helped the adults throw the carton together. When the ship arrived in Marseille, the adults called us three Perform a special task, which is to put a small pistol and a few boxes of ammunition in each person's pocket, and tell us to walk twice in the cabin. Also teach us not to panic when someone checks, we are all one by one Nodded. Even though the adults were very thoughtful, but when we got off the boat, we still jumped in our hearts, for fear of being searched out. Fortunately, the inspection was not strict, but we just carelessly took care of our three children. Photo, it was released smoothly. "
When they arrived in Marseille, they went to Paris by train. Immediately after staying in an apartment, he went to the Soviet consulate in France to apply for a visa, but he was refused. It turned out that the actions of Li Du and others were detected by Japanese intelligence personnel and Japan protested to the Soviet Union. At that time, the international situation was very tense, and the Soviet government was unwilling to offend Japan, so it refused the visa. Others said that the Soviet Union was undergoing a large-scale counter-insurgency, and foreigners were denied entry. Li Du and others stayed in Paris for several months, with three children hurrying to learn foreign languages. Later, Yang Chengfang found the editorial department of the National Salvation Times (the newspaper published by the Communist Party of China in Paris) and asked them to try to notify the Communist Party of China in the Communist International that Mao Zedong's two children had arrived in Paris and asked the Soviet government to issue visas early. Soon, the Soviet consulate in France sent a notice agreeing to the entry of the Mao brothers and a visa, but Dong Shouqi and Li Du were not allowed to enter. At this time, the Xi'an Incident happened in China, and Li Du and others had no intention to stay abroad and had to return to Shanghai.
The Mao brothers and Dong Shouqi have lived in Paris for more than four months, often fighting with foreign children. Dong Shouqi recalled: "After living in the apartment for a long time, I gradually became familiar with the personnel there. The waitresses who were entertaining were better for us, and sometimes the three of us ran to help them with something. The boss was a woman and there were three Son, a daughter, but she has not seen her husband. Her three sons are slightly older than us, and they are gorgeously dressed, rough-headed, and arrogant. Once we were going to play in the entertainment room next to the restaurant. Not letting us in, when we were angry, we rushed in. They couldn't stop, they put out their fists and set up a posture to stab us. We didn't show weakness, An Ying shouted: 'Foreigners are going to bully us, Watch out! 'They bounced and hit a Western-style' Kukexin ', and we fought back with a Chinese-style' Kaixin '. After a fierce battle for a few minutes, the table and chairs turned over, and the toys were in full swing. Anqing was a small person and had little strength, so she suffered a little, but one of the other was also knocked over by us, wow wow. The next day, they came again, and there were many chestnut trees in the garden. It's all fallen chestnuts They picked it up and threw at us, wanting to be caught off guard. In fact, we were wary of them. We took the rattan chairs in the garden as 'shields', covered our heads and upper bodies, and then picked up the chestnuts and rushed up. They had to Fleeing with her head in her head and running away. It was strange to say, 'Don't fight, you don't know each other'. After these two battles, they were polite to us, took the initiative to shake hands with us, and let us appreciate their beloved toys and small books. .When we moved to live elsewhere, they also gave us gifts and lined up. "
Mao Anying and Mao Anqing were sent to the Soviet consulate in France, where they met Kang Sheng who had come to Paris to meet them. In early 1937, Kang Sheng escorted the Mao brothers to Moscow, and immediately entered the Monorel Second International Children's Home in the western suburbs. Mao Anying was named Sergey, nicknamed Xie Liaosha, and Mao Anqing was named Alexander. Mao Anying was 14 years old and Mao Anqing was 12 years old. (Sichuan News Network)
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