hg2808com 2017 College Entrance Examination Chinese Fiction Exam Types and Answering Skills (with Latest Exercises)

2017 College Entrance Examination Chinese Fiction Exam Types and Answering Skills (with Latest Exercises)

Source: Time: 2020-01-09 06:48:33

Millennium Tongzhou vitality north stream

New Exam Outline (sample book excerpts are stamped here >>>)
The new syllabus for the 2017 college entrance examination language classification exercise album subscription: Chinese Monthly 2016 issue, only 1 book, 96 pages, 8 yuan, published on December 1. Including: 1. Discussion text reading 2. Practical text reading 3. Literary text reading 4. Ancient poetry reading 5. Language knowledge and application 6. Composition 7. Simulated test questions 8. Reference answers and analysis and consultation 13602424805 (mobile)
2017 College Entrance Examination Chinese Novel Types and Answer Skills
I. Character image
Analysis basis
Conflicts between characters
3. Characterization
① Positive description: portrait, language (dialog monologue), action, psychology, details. ② Indirect performance (description on the side): such as positive contrast, reverse contrast, etc.
4. Description of the environment
5, the author's introduction evaluation
Analysis of College Entrance Exams
1. Lecture Notes for Old Master Wang p296
What kind of person is Dong Fan? Please analyze the monthly Chinese language combined with the full text.
2. "Yi Yi" review handout p298
Summarize the characteristics of Dazi's image.
The image of a new type of rural youth: hard-working, kind, helpful, flexible-minded, trendy and fashionable, good at accepting new things and able to capture business opportunities keenly.
3. "Old Man Picking Up Ragged Paper" review handout p311
Summarize the image characteristics of the characters described in the third paragraph
① old ugly; ② 邋遢; ③ weird
4, "horse orchid" review handout p292
Briefly analyze the personality characteristics of this image of horse orchid. (6 points) ① Simple and kind. After hearing about Mochi's misfortune, he was in a daze from time to time, and went to the hospital in time.
② Be empathetic. Seeing that Mo's daughter was sad, she stopped mentioning borrowing money.
③ Emphasis on affection. Although it is not easy to make money, it does not hurt feelings for money;
(4) There are principles for life. If the husband's words and deeds are excessive, he will fight for reason. (2 points for each answer)
2016 Shandong College Entrance Examination
What kind of character image is Wu Qiuming in the text? Please give a brief summary.
Image of a careful, patient, caring, attractive single female doctor of psychology.
Ugliness Review (Shandong College Entrance Examination)
Based on the content of the novel, the characteristics of Uncle Zeng are briefly summarized.
Answers: (1) ugly in appearance; (2) enduring hardships and enduring humiliation; (3) kind and selfless (4) lonely evening scene. (Destiny encounter)
Second, the storyline
Grasp the storyline:
Review handout p293 [question setting method] [answer mode]
Example 1: Please summarize the main plot of the novel.
① The wife was awakened by the sound of the kitchen late at night; ② The Chinese language monthly wife found that her husband had stolen bread; ③ The wife and the husband talked about "the sound of the kitchen" ④ The wife gave her bread to the husband.
Example 2: "Master Dong Touring the Lake":
What is the main plot of this novel? Please summarize in one sentence.
Reference answer: Master Wu Day led Xiao Cui to swim on the campus.
Appreciate the storyline:
Review handout p293 [question setting method] [answer mode]
Case study
1.Review handout p294 "Jujube Incense"
What effect does the scene of "childhood playing jujube" have in the text?
2. 2016 Shandong College Entrance Examination
What's the effect of Wu Qiuming's novel about the "flannel mother" experiment?
3. 2016 "Huiming" in Jiangsu (Shen Congwen)
Paragraph 4 will explain why everyone asks when to fire? Please briefly summarize.
4. Review handout p315 "The Death of Anna" (2014 Jiangsu)
What kind of psychological activity did Anna have after casting on the rails? What's the use of this?
Summary: plot role
1. Character image: shape the image, express the personality or psychology, make the image more full and full, etc .;
2. In plots: ambush pens, suspense, care, contrasting, supporting and promoting, plot development, etc.
3. Environmental aspects: highlighting (encouraging, explaining) the environment of the person's activities, making the environment more typical, etc .;
4. Theme: reveal, enrich, highlight or deepen the theme;
Third, clues
1.Look for clues
2. Double line structure: one light and one dark, intertwined, the two lines must be connected by a common point.
Review Lecture Notes p292
Example 1: There are two clues to the light and dark of the novel "Ma Lanhua". What are they? What are the benefits of this treatment? Please analyze briefly. (6 points)
[Answer] The bright line of the novel is: Ma Lanhua was dazed after learning that Mochi was sick—visited to the hospital without mentioning 600 yuan—sad to her husband that often paid 600 yuan for money—reading Mochi's daughter The letter was full of tears.
The dark line of the novel is: Mochi borrowed six hundred yuan from the Chinese monthly magazine Ma Lanhua-got cerebral hemorrhage and was rescued in the hospital, but failed-her daughter cremated mochi brought her ashes back to Shanghai-wrote a letter to his mother to return Ma Lanhua money.
Interpretation of dark lines makes the development of the plot clear and the theme of the novel deeper.
Environment description
Two types: natural environment, social environment
Scene writing method
Multi-angle description, dynamic and static combination, point and surface combination. Rhetoric
Review Lecture Notes p310
"Childhood Follows" analyzes the scene description method of drawing wavy lines in the text. (5 points)
2. ① Use metaphors, contrasts, and multi-angle descriptions in Chinese monthly magazines. (1 point) ② Use soft satin as a metaphor for Bibo, and use the sound of water, shaking, vocalization, thunder, and rain to set off the tranquility (quietness) of the surrounding environment. The image is vivid and dynamic. (2 points) Describe the scene from multiple perspectives such as hearing, touch, and vision. (1 point) The scene blends with the inner peace and joy of the author after he wins the bowl. (1 point)
Review handout p312 "The Tanner of Dongtanjing"
Question 2
"The Ninth Car" appreciates the description of the scenery in the line drawing part.
Surrounded by a large grassland, bare, a full moon shines coldly on the alternate road where the ninth compartment is parked.
① The "bare" prairie and the "cold" full moon render a clean, empty and barren atmosphere.
② The character's sense of helplessness is reinforced.
③ The "circle" of the month contrasts the character's mood and the "residue" of the ending of the event, and contrasts with the already-defunct tourism indicated at the end.
① Promote the development of the plot. ② The monthly Chinese language supports the emotions of the characters and expresses their character. ③ Set off or suggest the theme. ④ render the atmosphere. ⑤ Tell the place where the story happened.
Five, artistic skills
Review handout p299 "Four Persistences"
1. Expression: Narrative and description
Characters (1) Positive description (slightly) (2) Side description: 2, Expression methods: To promote first restraint, contrast, set off, pave the way, care, suspense, coincidence, symbolism, irony, proper details, and small ones
4. Rhetorical techniques: (omitted)
Expression: Narrative
(I) Main Narrative Methods
1. Shun Shu: The context is clear and the levels are clear.
2. Flashback: Create suspense and fascinating.
3. Interpretation: When describing the main events, the monthly Chinese language inserts related events, and then connects to the original events. The role is to make necessary preparations for the main plot or the central event, supplementary explanation, make the plot more complete and rigorous, and the character image more full and full.
Narrative person (narrative perspective)
1. First person:
(1) Enhance the authenticity of the article;
(2) Express your thoughts and feelings freely and be kind and natural.
(3) Limited by time and space.
2. The second person:
Enhance the lyric and intimacy of the article and facilitate emotional communication.
3. Third person:
(1) Free from time and space restrictions, the monthly Chinese language reports flexibly and freely reflect a wider picture and richer content;
(2) It is more objective to open the distance between the narrator and the story.
Case study
1. Review the handout p299 "Yi Yi" (2015 Anhui Volume)
Question (2)
2. Review the handout p314 "The Eyes" (2015 Zhejiang Volume)
Question 2
3. Question 20 (2) of the 2016 Shandong College Entrance Examination
2016 National Volume One of Li Rui's "锄" Question 2
What is the meaning of the novel's title "锄"? Please briefly analyze the full text.
Combined with the text, talk about the benefits of this article on the topic of "alive". (6 points) (2013 Living Alive, 22 questions)
① "Alive" summarizes the living conditions of the elderly and cows; ② Allows readers to appreciate the taste of "alive"; ③ Thinking about how to treat life; ④ The image is vivid, simple and abundant, and intriguing.
[Analysis] Analyze the title of the article from the perspective of the content, structure, emotion, and theme of the monthly Chinese language.
1. Set up suspense to attract readers' interest in reading.
2. Some titles have the function of article clues from the structural point of view, which runs through the full text, making the article structure more rigorous. (plot)
3. Some titles serve as "textual eyes" to reveal the center or theme of the article. (theme)
4. Some titles use metaphors, symbols, and other methods, which are double-pun intended to add finishing touches to the characters and themes in the text; (characters, themes)
5. Identify the time and place, create a story background, and render the atmosphere
Clarify opinions and reasons
According to the novel's title, plot, main characters and era background, it is reasonable and reasonable.
Example: 1. Review the 5th lecture of p312 "The Old Man Picking Up Rotten Paper" (2015 Zhejiang)
2.Review lecture 4 p315 "Anna's Death" Question 4
3, 2016 Shandong College Entrance Examination "where does the piano sound" Question 4 "Three Psychological Activities of Ma Xiaoyu"
(1) Make the development of the plot of the novel clear, layered, and prominent.
(2) Highlight the character image. There are a large number of character dialogues and action descriptions in the novel. The form of a paragraph can play a role of emphasis, which helps to highlight the different character images.
(3) The language is concise and lively, one sentence at a time, formally forms a staggered arrangement, and has the beauty of the rhyme of poetry.
(4) The characteristics of the environment are clear, and it strongly sets off the image of the characters and the environment, paragraph by paragraph and scene by scene, which adds to the poetic and artistic expression of the article and sets off the hero's beautiful heart.
[Analysis] When answering such questions, candidates can start with the three elements of the novel, think about it, and then analyze and sort out the answers based on the specific content of the article. Examination site: Analyze the basic characteristics and main expression methods of the genre of the work. The capability level is analysis synthesis C. Personalized reading and creative interpretation of the work. The level of competence is F.
The latest question types for the 2017 college entrance examination novels
Read the text below and complete 7-9 questions. (14 points)
A duel
The war was over, and the Germans were temporarily stationed in France; the first trains set off from Paris, headed for the new national borders, and slowly passed through many run-down villages and countryside. Mr. Du Buyi took a train to Switzerland to find his wife and daughter. Before the enemy invaded, the mother and daughter had already gone abroad.
He is a protective soldier who protects himself.
In the carriage, there were two British tourists. They talk about the sky in their native language, and sometimes use travel guides to identify the names of places in the book.
Suddenly, the train stopped in a small city. A Prussian officer got in from the door of the carriage in the loud noise of the two-step pedals of the Sabre and the passenger car. His tall body was tightly wrapped in his military uniform, his beard almost reached the corner of his eyes, and his eyes were a bit cold. The chin of the chin is red as if on fire; the moustaches on the lips of the Chinese Monthly Magazine are slightly lighter, and they are tilted towards the sides of the face, and the face seems to be divided into two.
The two Englishmen looked at him with a curious smile, but Mr. Du Buyi pretended to read the newspaper and ignored it. He sat uncomfortably in a corner, like a thief sitting opposite the security police.
The train started again. The two Englishmen continued to talk to each other and continued to find the place where the war had been fought. Suddenly, they pointed to a small town in the distance. The Prussian officer extended his long legs and leaned back in his seat. A French accent with a German accent said: "In that town, I killed twelve French soldiers. I captured more than two hundred captives." The British were very interested and immediately asked: "Oh! What is it called, that little town? "
The Prussian officer replied, "Farsberg." Later, he said, "I'll blow their ears hard, French boys."
He looked at Mr. Du Buyi with a proud smile in his beard.
The train went forward, passing through many villages that were always occupied by German soldiers; at a glance, German soldiers were almost everywhere. They are covering the ground like locusts in Africa. The officer held out a hand and said, "If I served as commander-in-chief and I broke Paris long ago, everything would be burned and everyone killed. There would be no French in the monthly Chinese language!"
Due to politeness, the two Englishmen simply agreed in English: "Aoh! Yes!"
The officer took out his pipe and watched the Frenchman with an open eye, saying, "Are you not carrying cigarettes on you?"
Mr. Du Buyi replied, "No, sir!"
The German went on to say, "When the car stops, I ask you to buy me something." He laughed again.
"I must give you a small account."
The train whined, and the speed gradually decreased. They passed in front of a fire-destroyed station, and the train stopped completely.
The German opened the door of the carriage and immediately grabbed Mr. Du Buyi's arm and said to him, "Go and run a leg for me, hurry, hurry!"
At this time, Mr. Du Buyi made a sudden jump on the platform, and despite the gestures of the station master, he quickly jumped into an adjacent compartment of the passenger car. He is alone! He unbuttoned the button on his shoulders, and his atrium was so strong that he gasped again to wipe the sweat from his forehead.
The train stopped at another station. The officer suddenly appeared in front of Mr. Du Buyi, followed by the two Englishmen. The German sat down opposite the French, always smiling: "You didn't want to run a leg for me just now." Mr. Du Buyi replied: "No, sir!"
The train started again. The officer said, "Then I will cut your beard and load my pipe."
So he reached over to the face in front of him. The two Englishmen of the Chinese Monthly Magazine were always calm and gazing at each other.
The German had grabbed a pinch of beard on his lips and pulled it up. At this moment, Mr. Du Buyi lifted the German arm with only one backhand, grabbed his neck and pushed him down on the seat. . Then he frantically bulged his cheeks, opened his two flaming eyes, one hand kept choking his throat, and the other fisted into a fist, and began to beat angrily on his face. The blood came out, and the German with a choked throat was just breathing.
At the end, Mr. Du Buyi suddenly stood up and re-sit to the original seat without a word.
The Prussian was struggling with consternation and pain, and then breathed his breath and said, "If you refuse to fight me with a revolver, I will kill you!"
Mr. Du Buyi replied: "As long as you want to. I totally agree."
The train is about to reach Strasbourg. The Germans said to the two British people, "Would you two be willing to be notaries for me?"
They answered in unison, "Aoh! Yes!"
The train stopped. A voice issued a command: "Let's go!"
Mr. Du Buyi waited for aiming, shot his hand, and then somehow saw the Prussian standing opposite him shaking it a couple of times, then stretched out his two arms and fell straight to the ground . Chinese monthly Du Buyi has killed him. The British shouted "Aoh".
Then they jumped into the car happily.
(From the novel of the same name by Maupassant, with deletions)
7. The following analysis and appreciation of the related content and artistic characteristics of the novel, the two incorrect ones are (5 points)
A. The opening sentence of the novel "The war is over ... slowly through many run-down villages and countryside", the narrative description is simple, highlights the disaster brought by the war to Paris, and sets the emotional tone for the novel.
B. The admission of Prussian officers in the novel is unique, first hearing, then vision, which is impressive, especially the description of the long chin and the mustache on the upper lip, giving people a sense of arrogance and ferocity.
C. The plot of the novel is basically carried out in the train carriage. As the train progresses, the plot of the novel is also gradually promoted. Arranging the plot in this way makes the novel appear compact and clear.
D. The details of the novel are quite vivid, including the details of Mr. Du Buyi escaping from the train into the adjacent compartment, unraveling the button on the shoulder and breathing sweat, and accurately wrote that Du Buyi finally escaped from the tiger Joy.
E. The novel is small and big, and the monthly Chinese magazine writes a duel between Prussian officers and Dubuyi. In fact, it is a duel between fascists and peace-loving people.
8. The following analysis of the character of the novel Du Buyi, the incorrect one is (3 points)
A. Mr. Du Buyi arranged his wife and daughter abroad before the Plu soldiers invaded, not only for the safety of his wife and daughter, but also for the consideration of avoiding being dragged down, which reflects his personality characteristics.
B. Facing the Prussian officer, Mr. Du Buyi pretended to read the newspaper and sat in a corner as if he were a thief; then he jumped away from the compartment and fled to the adjacent compartment of the bus, which showed that he had a timid and fearful side .
C. Mr. Dubuyi escaped from the carriage without buying cigarettes for Prussian officers. This plot shows his inner contradictions. On the one hand, he hated the Prussian aggressors and on the other hand he was afraid of them.
D. Du Buyi's character and personality changed with the development of the storyline. From the beginning, he defended himself, cowardly, and escaped to the later resolute rebellion, which was both unexpected and reasonable.
9. The novel arranges two Englishmen. Please explore the role of these two characters in the novel. (6 points)
[Reference Answer]
7.E, D (Answer E, 2 points; Answers D, 3 points; Answer more than 0 points. Item D, "the joy to escape the tiger's mouth" analysis is inaccurate; item E, is not a small-handed approach, analysis Content is too far-fetched)
8.A ("Arrangement of wife and daughter abroad" Yu Wen has no basis, and the expression "represents the personality characteristics of his protection" is far-fetched)
9. Role:
① Set off the character image. The indifference of the two British people contrasted Du Buyi's final struggle and made Du Buyi's image more vivid and vivid;
② Promote the development of storyline. Two British people connected the main plot of the novel, making the plot ups and downs;
③ It enriches the content of the novel. The appearance of the two British people made the novel fuller and more readable.
④ Make the content of the novel more real and natural. Let two British people witness the process of Dubuy's duel with Prussian officers, making people feel that the storyline is real.
(① ② 2 points for each point, ③ ④ 2 points for correct one point)
This article is edited by the language monthly public number ID: yuwenyuekan, please indicate the source when reprinting)

Spider pond