www.d6e.hg8.com Fu Sinian commented on Mao Zedong: using the weakness of the national psychology, so at most it is not like the Song River?

Fu Sinian commented on Mao Zedong: using the weakness of the national psychology, so at most it is not like the Song River?

Source: Time: 2020-02-21 02:36:05

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On July 1, 1945, Mao Zedong waited at Yan'an Airport to welcome the six members of the National Political Council. From the front row: Mao Zedong, Huang Yanpei, Chu Fucheng, Zhang Bojun, Leng Yan, Fu Sinian, Zuo Shunsheng, Zhu De, Zhou Enlai, Wang Ruofei
Zhang Lifan quoted Zhang Shenfu's article saying: "Mao Run arrived in Chongqing in 1945. He invited me to dinner. He was very polite. But when I gave him a book I wrote, he was hesitant. Color. My inscription on the front page of this book is: Brother Yunzhi correct me. " "After the liberation, I was criticized for calling for peace and was banned from publishing articles and politics. Zhang Shizhao asked Runzhi to ease his cheeks and let me work. Runzhi said: At the beginning he was my immediate supervisor. Not allowed. Peking University Library Lending Department did not work seriously, especially the handwriting was very scribbled and difficult to identify. Li Dazhao, the library director, had criticized him for this. Once, Mao had mistaken a book that Fu Sinian would borrow, but Mao argued that he did not admit it. In addition, the two people's local dialects were poorly communicated, and Fu Qi rushed to his mouth. This story has long been recorded in some books published in Taiwan. "
During his visit to Yan'an, Fu Sinian found that the style of Yan'an was purely a style of despotism and ignorance, that is, an anti-freedom and anti-democracy style. Fu Sinian and Mao Zedong met at Peking University that year, and they spent a night chatting alone. Heaven and earth talked. Speaking of Chinese novels, Fu Sinian found that Mao Zedong was very familiar with all kinds of novels, including low-level novels. Fu Sinian concluded that Mao Zedong studied the peasant psychology from these materials and used the weaknesses of the national psychology, so it was no more than Songjiang.
Mao Zedong accompanied Fu Sinian to the auditorium. When Fu saw that it was densely covered with pennants, it was dedicated to the great leaders from all over the place, and he satirically said, "Dangyu! Huanghuang!" Mao felt the irony and didn't say anything. In the delegation, Fu Sinian was the only sober person. He rebuked those who were traveling with him for nothing, saying: "Zhang Bojun was returned to the clan by the third party, the most shameless is Huang Yanpei and so on. It is as if it was the emperor Qinci's Dharma Sutra. "
Fu Sinian confronted them and said, "Do you see him as an amulet, and you want to secure the leader to protect him?" Fu Sinian's estimation was quite accurate. To please Mao Zedong's Zhang Bojun, Huang Yanpei, etc., have not escaped after the establishment of the Chinese government. The end of several political campaigns was unbearable. Although Fu's artillery fire was fierce, but it was a cannon with a perfect sight and a perfect shot, and the target had always been very accurate.
Fortunately, this cannon was moved to Taiwan. If it stays on the mainland, it is not rusty or rotten. It should be a dumb gun. An easy reason to understand. Later, when Fu Sinian saw many young people gradually evolve into fierce leftists, such as Mang in his back, he said to Li Ji during a chat, "If I were a 17-year-old youth, I might be interested in the Communist Party." Then he said, "But since I contacted the Communist Party, I would never become a Communist Party!"
When Fu Sinian talked to Jiang Jieshi, he often had Erlang legs, but fortunately, Jiang Jieshi cherished a lot of understanding, and he had a deep understanding of some of the literati's nature, so he never took it to heart. Li Ao said in "Li Ao has something to say": "After coming to Taiwan, one day, when Acting President Li Zongren came to Taiwan, Chiang Kai-shek ran to welcome Li Zongren when he was about to get off the plane at Songshan Airport in Taipei. In the reception room at Songshan Airport, Chiang Kai-shek sat on the sofa next to Taiwan University President Fu Sinian. How did Fu Sinian sit? With Erlang's legs on the sofa, holding a pipe, he put his mouth in his mouth and spoke to Chiang Kai-shek. . The other Manchu dynasties and men all stood beside him, and no one dared to sit down in front of Chiang Kai-shek. With this, everyone knows Fu Sinian's status in Taiwan. "
At that time, Fu Sinian's friends, classmates Zhu Jiaxun, Luo Jialun, etc. all entered the political circle and exercised one's authority. Fu also has many opportunities, and the National Government has repeatedly signaled that he wants to appoint a heavy task, and Fu Sinian remains unmoved. Fu Sinian was unwilling to participate in politics, but wished to participate in politics. The reason was: "We have to fight, but it should be permanently in the field, once you join the government, you cannot fight." His attitude towards being an official and doing things is: "Rather than joining the government It is better to form a party than to form a party. "
For Fu Sinian's refusal to be an official and never to join the party, even Li Ao, who has never been seen, greatly appreciated: "Fu Si refused to join the Kuomintang throughout his life. Not only did he not join the Kuomintang, but he also encouraged his teacher Hu Shi Very cooperative attitude. I think Fu Sinian is amazing ... They want to use the power of intellectuals, but they don't want to be eaten by the Kuomintang and not assimilated by the Kuomintang ... The real liberals in the cracks are neither the Kuomintang nor the Kuomintang. Being a Communist Party, he has no social status and is very bitter. "
Fu Sinian's "poor fortune" almost covered his life. He once told his wife that the worst thing in this life was his wife and children. He had a small salary and a difficult life, and had to rely on manuscripts to subsidize his family. This was in sharp contrast to the prevailing world wind of corruption and corruption. Fu Sinian has multiple roles. With his identity and influence and network resources, as long as his heart is a little bit alive, there should be no problem in protecting the whole family. From today's perspective, these unthinkable and unthinkable things unfortunately became true at the time.
In the spring of 1949, Hu Shi was about to go to the United States, and his family members were unattended. He planned to send him to his hometown Jixi. Fu Sinian said that Hu Shi could give his wife to him and take him to Taiwan University. "I don't dare to predict how the situation will evolve, but we will do our best to take care of Mrs. Hu and eat porridge if you are not full." Hu Shi really gave his wife to Fu Sinian to "host". In the principal's dormitory of Fu Siniantai University, Mrs. Hu, Fu's nephew, and another friend lived in a family of five. More than ten people lived together for a long time ...
After the Pacific War broke out, the U.S. government provided a loan of 500 million U.S. dollars to the Chinese government, which was converted at the official exchange rate at that time, which was 10 billion yuan in legal currency. It is even higher if converted at the black market exchange rate. Kong Xiangxi used the power of his finance minister to buy up and sell off, and corrupted 33.9 million. After the matter was disclosed, Fu Sinian asked questions at the political meeting. The matter was so big, the public opinion was turbulent, and the city was full of wind and rain. Chiang Kai-shek had to personally entertain Fu Sinian to do his work and intercede for Kong. During the meeting, Jiang asked, "Does Mr. Fu trust me?" Fu Sinian's answer was very straightforward: "I absolutely trust." Jiang Li guided along the trend: "Since you trust me, you should trust the person I use." Fu Sinian The answer was powerful: "I am the chairman of the committee. As for the chairman, I should trust the people used by the chairperson, so I ca n’t say that if I cut off my head!" speech. After Fu Sinian's chasing and chasing hard, Chiang Kai-shek had to order the removal of Kong Xiangxi, and Song Ziwen became the president of the administration.
After Song Ziwen came to power, he issued documents such as the "Golden Trading Rules" and "Interim Measures for the Administration of Foreign Exchange" in the name of the Executive Yuan. Like Kong Xiangxi, he used the bureaucratic privileges that only they had to carry out illegal import resale activities, resulting in chaos in the national economy. Bringing the "Golden Tide" that swept the Guotong District in Shanghai in 1947. Fu Sinian published "Song Ziwen's Impossible to Walk Away" on Century Review. The article was published, the whole country was sensational, and various newspapers reprinted it. It became an explosive obituary against Song Ziwen. The spearhead pointed directly at Chiang Kai-shek: "With such an executive dean, there is Kong Xiangxi in front and Song Ziwen in the back. It is really incurable. He yelled: "The country can't afford him, the people can't afford him. He really should go, if he doesn't, everything will collapse." Following this article, he successively published "On the necessity of eradicating the wealthy capital" and "Song Ziwen's Failure "and other articles. Fu Sinian's series of "down Song Yiwen" forced Song Ziwen to step down. From the end of the Anti-Japanese War to 1947, Fu Sinian repeatedly criticized Kong Xiangxi and Song Ziwen for their corruption and corruption, which caused the two imperial relatives and relatives to fall away, so that they could appreciate the power of public opinion supervision at the time and the weight of intellectual speeches.
After the victory of the War of Resistance Against Japan, Fu Sinian was appointed acting president of Peking University and came to Peiping as a receiving officer. Many people recommended him as the president of Beijing University, and sincerely assured Hu Shi, who was still overseas. Fu Sinian said that there is a better candidate than me, that is, Mr. Hu Shi. I promised to be the acting principal of Peking University for a while, and when Mr Hu returned, I would step down. He does not have any official addiction, but to clear the way for Hu Shi. As a student and friend, he knows that scholars like Hu Shi are good people everywhere, and never have the heart to offend people, so he has to go ahead and fire all those who are reluctant to leave Beiping and take up false duties during the fall. To clear up the truth for Hu Shi's post. Fu Sinian insisted on "ethnic integrity" and "righteousness, discerning loyalty", and expelled all faculty members of Wang Jingwei's regime Peking University. Zhou Zuoren was a member who was purged out under his "Han and thief are not at odds". He has repeatedly stated that Beijing University will not hire anyone who has become a "pseudo-PKU" faculty member. Zhou Zuoren and Rong Geng are listed here. Rong Geng ran to Chongqing to visit Fu Sinian, and Fu scolded when he met: "You scum of this nation, shameless traitor, get out, don't see me!"
People who have served in the "Pseudo-Beijing University" have used various methods to exert pressure on Fu Sinian, organized petitions and met with strikes. Fu Sinian did not show weakness: "I will say the above even if I kill him! We will never leave this bad for Peking University!" And lodged a complaint against Bao Jianqing, the principal of "Pseudo-Peking University".
In 1948, the war between the Kuomintang and the Communist Party became increasingly clear, and the Kuomintang's retreat to Taiwan was a foregone conclusion. Chiang Kai-shek considers that in addition to the National Treasury ’s gold reserves and books and cultural relics from the Palace Museum, the Central Research Institute, and the Peiping Library, he also set out to "rescue mainland scholars". He hopes to move the "brain of the country" to Taiwan.
At the end of January 1948, the situation in Pingjin became tighter. Zhu Jiazheng, Fu Sinian, Jiang Jingguo, etc. negotiated the implementation of the plan to "rescue" well-known personalities in the academic and educational circles of Pingjin under the instruction of Chiang Kai-shek. Soon, Fu Sinian drafted a detailed scholar rescue list, almost all of which are well-known experts and professors, including four types of intellectuals who must be rescued: the heads of various colleges, schools, and associations; academicians of the Central Academy of Sciences; Leaving the mainland; academically contributing. In the list of "rescue students", the heads of the institutions include Tang Yongtong, Rao Zongtai, and others rescued for political reasons, such as Mao Zishui, and academic contributions such as Hu Shi, Yang Zhensheng, and Luo Changpei.
According to Ji Xianlin's recollection, after Hu Shi arrived in Nanjing, he arranged a special plane to Peiping to name a few old friends to pick up, and he himself waited at Nanjing Airport. The plane returned and the door opened. He hoped to meet his old friend, but most of the people he wanted to meet did not leave the cabin except one or two. It is said that Hu Shi burst into tears when appropriate. Hu Shi's cry was a cry of eternity; Fu Si sighed for a long time, but also eternally sighed. Later facts proved that this cry was not groundless. In the midst of it, they seem to have predicted the future direction of the fate of the literati. Luo Longji and other 550,000 people were wiped out by one net. The Chinese elite was annihilated overnight. Lao She cast into the lake, Hu Feng went to jail, Fu Lei, Xi Bo Zan and other wives led their necks. Shen Congwen sealed the pen. Liang Shuming and Ma Yinchu were killed Approved, Qian Weichang sweeps the toilet, Ai Qing and Wang Meng are exiled ...
In December 1945, students of the Southwest United University had bloody clashes with local military police as a result of anti-civil war activities. Fu Sinian, then acting president of Peking University, rushed over and saw Guan Linzheng, who was directly responsible for the tragedy. He said in the head: We used to be friends, but now we are enemies. Students are like my children. Can you be silent if you kill them?
On April 6, 1949, the "April 6 Incident" occurred between National Taiwan University and Taiwan Normal University. The army broke into the campus. Fu Sinian was highly dissatisfied with the arrest of teachers and students by entering the campus of National Taiwan University without legal procedures. Teachers and students must be approved by the principal. He even warned Peng Mengji, commander of the Taiwan Security Command at the time: "If a student bleeds, I will desperately work with you!"
On December 20, 1950, Fu Sinian was invited to the "Provincial Senate" and after answering questions from "Senator" Guo Guoji on matters such as the relaxation of admissions standards for the National Taiwan University, he just walked off the podium and said only "No good" "It fell to the ground unconscious. After being taken to the hospital, he was diagnosed with cerebral hemorrhage. Although he was rescued with all his strength, he was still weak.
After Fu Sinian died, Chiang Kai-shek attended the memorial service in person and attended the memorial service. More than 5,000 people attended the memorial service. All circles sent more than 270 deputies, many of whom praised Fu Sinian's deeds and noble personality. As Yu Youren said: "It's a road, it's Yanhui, it's the strongest in the world; it's freedom, it's justice, it's the youth of the times." Ye Gongchao is one person outside the country. "Ye Gongchao urges Lianyun:" There is a sense of justice, to be honest, the king dares to do it, but people may not dare to do it. Where does the courage come from? " Yun Ran and Jun Ran are as good as Yun Ran. If the spirit of the governor is this way, the way of knowing Mr. Perseverance is permanent. "The association of all teachers and students of the National Taiwan University is:" Early start the atmosphere, it is a generation of masters. Disciple; look at Ming Jing, it ’s full of clouds and clouds, and the Sri Lankans go there, mourning for millions of lives. "Expressed mourning and reflection on the principal. On the anniversary of Fu Sinian's death, his ashes were buried on the campus of National Taiwan University, and his burial place was called "Fu Yuan".
Fu Sinian had a clean life and a desolate family. Before Fu Sinian died, he was still writing a manuscript and said to his wife Yu Dicai that he had to wait for the draft fee. "Sew a pair of cotton pants for me. My legs are cold and my suit pants are too thin to protect against the cold." After Fu Sinian died, There is almost no legacy, and the only house-ears accumulated in his life. Mrs. Zeng was asked to leave the room with her son's book collection, and also asked her old friend Dong Zuobin to write a special chapter, engraved with "The Book of Meng Zhen's Posthumous Son", "The family has a book to teach children." I hope the son will inherit his father's business and become an independent scholar.
Fu Sinian's contribution is not academic, but the outstanding bones of a generation of intellectuals are shown with the proud bones of a scholar. Fu Sinian commented on his life as being "without predecessors," and mocked "students serving the country, that's all." On several occasions, he refused to go to the Kuomintang government to serve as an official, preferring to be an "opposition" rather than a "policy" as a scholar, maintaining his independence and criticizing the government's freedom. Decades later, the Kuomintang has returned to politics in Taiwan, and the CCP ’s promised democracy on the mainland is still far away.

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