hg9388.com Broad prospects for calligraphy college entrance examination

Broad prospects for calligraphy college entrance examination

Source: Time: 2020-01-07 18:12:05

Millennium Tongzhou vitality north stream

With the increasing prosperity of Chinese learning, calligraphy as the core of Chinese culture is increasingly valued by the Ministry of Education. With the continuous improvement of art majors and the increasing pressure of art college entrance examinations, the prospect of calligraphy majors is increasingly prosperous. The enrollment scale of calligraphy majors in colleges and universities has been expanding year by year. Choosing to enter the ideal university through calligraphy studies has become a preferred shortcut.
The establishment of the "Chinese Book Court" of the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, and the successive opening of calligraphy departments by various colleges and universities, the calligraphy profession has heated up, and it is time to register for the exam. Colleges and universities are also opening up calligraphy majors and expanding their enrollment quotas. The percentage of calligraphy students entering undergraduate colleges is getting higher and higher, especially for liberal arts students who have a little calligraphy foundation and a slightly better grade in culture. Professional course training has a higher rate of advancement and a brighter future.
At present, China's calligraphy major has formed a complete teaching system from junior college, undergraduate to master, doctoral, postdoctoral, and has continued to mature. A number of prestigious universities are even more noticeable. College calligraphy majors are being paid more and more attention by the vigorous development trend.
Advantages of the college entrance examination for calligraphy:
First, the cultural class requires low grades, and students with ordinary grades in the class usually have opportunities.
Second, the major is relatively good for the test. The calligraphy major offered by each college generally has three modes in the professional examination:
1. The first test of Lintong is to select one of the outstanding ancient masterpieces listed in the ancient book, which you like to copy, no more than 40 words, and a piece of rice paper.
2. Re-examine the creation. The school will provide the required content and use the style of writing they like to create, but it cannot be separated from the copybook.
3, some colleges and universities to test some of the history of calligraphy, but also all memory knowledge, it is very simple.
Third, enrollment institutions and numbers are increasing. The Ministry of Education is controlling the number of students enrolled in the major of Music, Sports and Beauty, while the calligraphy major not only does not control, but also vigorously expands enrollment, and the professional direction is becoming more and more scientific and reasonable. In the following years, some colleges and universities will begin to recruit undergraduate and college calligraphy students.
Fourth, the number of candidates is small. This number will also be roughly maintained next year.
Fifth, the professional direction is more rationalized. For example, the direction of calligraphy creation of Lanting College of Calligraphy and Art, the direction of calligraphy and painting of Renmin University, the direction of calligraphy culture of Zhejiang University, the direction of calligraphy and painting appraisal of Jinan University, the direction of art design calligraphy of Xi'an Jiaotong University, the direction of decorative art calligraphy of Shandong Academy of Arts and Crafts The direction of normal calligraphy in Taiyuan Teachers College and so on all have clear employment orientation.
Sixth, there is an urgent need for a large number of calligraphy talents in society. With calligraphy becoming a compulsory course at the compulsory education stage and professional courses at colleges and universities, calligraphy teachers are extremely scarce; all kinds of professionals such as libraries, museums, exhibition halls, newspapers, and magazines are needed.
Answers to doubts in the college entrance examination of calligraphy:
1. What kind of specialty is calligraphy?
Calligraphy major is an arts enrollment major, with a four-year undergraduate program within the national plan, and some colleges have specialized colleges. The position of calligraphy majors in colleges and universities falls into three categories: the first category is an independent major, such as China Academy of Fine Arts, Qufu Normal University, and Liaocheng University all have independent calligraphy departments. The second category belongs to the fine arts. For example, the calligraphy major of the Central Academy of Fine Arts and Renmin University belongs to the fine arts category. The calligraphy major of Xi'an Jiaotong University belongs to the art design category. The third category belongs to the Chinese Department, such as Beijing Normal University and Taiyuan Teachers College.
2. How many universities in the country recruit calligraphy?
As the Ministry of Education attaches great importance to calligraphy majors, the number of colleges and universities offering calligraphy majors has increased from 8 in 2000 to more than 76, and will continue to increase.
All colleges (76 colleges) enrolled in calligraphy
1) Art colleges (15)
China Academy of Art, Central Academy of Fine Arts, Guangzhou Academy of Fine Arts, Tianjin Academy of Fine Arts, Sichuan Academy of Fine Arts, Hubei Academy of Fine Arts, Zhengzhou Academy of Fine Arts, Lu Xun Academy of Fine Arts, Guangxi Academy of Arts, Nanjing Academy of Arts, Shandong Academy of Arts, Jilin Academy of Arts, Shandong Crafts Academy of Fine Arts, Jiangxi Academy of Fine Arts, Lanting College of Calligraphy and Art of Shaoxing College of Arts and Sciences.
2) Comprehensive universities (29)
Peking University, Tsinghua University, Zhejiang University, Chang'an University, Ningbo University, Linyi University, Nankai University, Sichuan University, Shandong University, Southeast University, Suzhou University, Henan University, Jinan University, Shandong University, Liaocheng University, Three Gorges University, Jiamusi University , Renmin University of China, Central University of Finance and Economics, Guizhou University for Nationalities, China University of International Business and Economics, Nanjing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Xi'an Jiaotong University, Xi'an University of Technology, Guilin University of Electronic Technology, Hunan Institute of Humanities and Science, Shaoxing College of Arts and Sciences, Jinan University College of Art Shijiazhuang Oriental Vocational College of Fine Arts.
3) Teachers Colleges (32)
Beijing Normal University, Nanjing Normal University, Shanghai Normal University, Hebei Normal University, Jiangxi Normal University, Harbin Normal University, Qufu Normal University, Xuzhou Normal University, Huaibei Normal University, Hangzhou Normal University, Tianjin Normal University, Liaoning Normal University, Zhejiang Normal University University, East China Normal University, Capital Normal University, Hainan Normal University, Shanxi Normal University, Taiyuan Teachers College, Xianyang Teachers College, Shangqiu Teachers College, Zhanjiang Teachers College, Anshan Teachers College, Guangxi Teachers College, Huaiyin Teachers College, Quanzhou Teachers College, Huaibei Coal Teachers College, Daqing Teachers College, Shenyang Teachers College, Guangdong Technical Teachers College, Linyi Teachers College, Taizhou College of Nanjing Normal University, Xingtan College of Qufu Normal University.
3. Can both arts and sciences apply?
Before 2006, the enrollment ratio of arts and sciences for calligraphy major was 10: 3; since 2008, the college entrance examination plan has been reformed, and both arts and sciences can apply for the exam. However, we recommend that calligraphy candidates study the liberal arts as much as possible to ensure their future professional development.
4. How is the professional training of calligraphy college entrance examination different from the usual amateur study?
The professional training of calligraphy college entrance examination is quite different from the usual amateur learning. The usual amateur learning mainly focuses on one or two fonts and book styles. It is based on simple techniques and is greatly influenced by the personal style of the substitute teacher. The admission principle is based on tradition, and can penetrate into the classic inscriptions of ancient times. It is well-known in both official and official writings. It has a certain spiritual height based on proficient skills, and possesses a certain degree of calligraphy culture and literary knowledge. Therefore, only the professional study in the class method can successfully pass the calligraphy test of colleges and universities. Nowadays, the calligraphy tutoring classes in the society are mixed, and they cannot scientifically, systematically, and professionally study calligraphy. Most of them do not meet the standard of calligraphy in colleges and universities. I hope that candidates can choose rationally.
5. What courses are available for calligraphy majoring in the college entrance examination?
Required courses:
(1) Approximately 4 types of representative placards in Kaishu, Weibei, Lishu, Xingshu, Fushu, and Cursive script are accurately copied;
(2) Initial creation of Kaishu, Weibei, Lishu and Xingshu;
(3) A brief history of Chinese calligraphy and a brief history of the evolution of characters;
(4) Appreciation of the classic works of the past five books;
(5) Common sense of calligraphy culture (inscriptions, exegesis, history, scholars, literature, etc.).
Elective courses: Chinese painting, seal engraving.
6. The characters are hard to read. It feels very far from calligraphy. But I can't get my undergraduate degree in culture class. I want to learn calligraphy but I don't have confidence. It's too difficult. Can I learn well?
It is normal to feel this way. This is because I do n’t know too much about calligraphy, and I do n’t feel familiar without formal training. Professional calligraphy learning is a systematic and scientific system. There are a series of professional learning methods. Unlike traditional "writing" calligraphy, traditionally, it is not a day's work to learn calligraphy well. In a broad sense, calligraphy is a culture. The college calligraphy major recruits not high school calligraphers but high school students with a certain artistic potential, strong cognitive abilities, and some knowledge of calligraphy.
As long as you have the basic qualities of ordinary students and a passion for visual arts, and have the enthusiasm for college entrance examination, it is entirely hopeful to obey the arrangements of teachers. Past teaching and examinations have proven this. Most colleges of calligraphy major only test the copying and creation of famous inscriptions, and some of them are based on a brief history of calligraphy, which is not difficult.
7. What about culture class?
It is usually arranged this way, studying professional lessons during the day and cultural lessons at night. After the professional examination in March, students can devote themselves to cultural lessons. Students can also arrange the time according to their own cultural and professional studies, and there are cultural classes for art candidates.
Analysis of Employment Prospects of Calligraphy
In 2013, the Ministry of Education issued the "Guidelines for Calligraphy Education in Elementary and Secondary Schools", marking that calligraphy education has been incorporated into the national compulsory education system. Calligraphy classes in elementary and middle schools ranging from small to overwhelming, to undergraduate, graduate, and even doctoral students in calligraphy, the calligraphy education system at different levels has been gradually improved.
(I) Education Industry
First, university education posts.
With the successive implementation of calligraphy education in primary and secondary schools, the teacher gap has become quite large. To meet the needs of teachers in primary and secondary schools, universities must increase the number of students enrolled in calligraphy and increase the number of calligraphy majors. Relative to the status quo, university calligraphy teachers are quite nervous, and a considerable number of calligraphy students can obtain university teacher positions.
Second, primary and secondary education posts.
According to the status quo of primary and secondary schools in Guangdong Province, calligraphy courses are offered in primary and secondary schools across the country. Calligraphy teachers need 80,000 or 90,000 people. According to the existing universities, it takes more than ten years to complete the training of calligraphy teachers. Graduates are a pretty tight industry.
(2) Industries other than education
First, newspapers, publishing houses, and television stations.
There are more than 20 types of newspapers and periodicals related to calligraphy in China, and relevant professionals who understand calligraphy are required to work. In addition, other newspapers and periodicals also need people who understand arts such as calligraphy to run literary supplements.
There are more than 40 art publishing houses in China and dozens of non-art publishing houses that also publish calligraphy art books. To publish calligraphy copybooks and calligraphy books, you must have calligraphy expertise. Calligraphy editors are a good channel for the employment of calligraphy students.
Television stations also need people who know the art of calligraphy to run related programs.
Second, the cultural sector.
At present, there are professional departments specializing in calligraphy research in the cultural department, such as cultural centers, cultural associations, museums, and art galleries, all who urgently need calligraphy professionals to perform identification and identification work. At present, the party and government agencies, enterprises and institutions have developed rapidly, but cultural things must always exist. The use of "pen writing" for written materials is still a matter that agencies and departments can never delete.
Third, enterprises and institutions.
With the development of the economy, culture is getting more and more attention, and enterprises and institutions also need graduates in arts such as calligraphy in the construction of corporate culture.
Fourth, full-time calligraphers have also become a respected freelance calligraphy that has gradually developed into a more pure art category. The works of professional calligraphers who are professionally engaged and researched also naturally enter the market and become works of art. Calligraphic art is an important part of the commercialization of the cultural market. The market recognizes that natural full-time calligraphers have also become a respected profession.
Fifth, literary soldiers are welcome in the army.
Army literary soldiers also have many opportunities to be promoted and transferred during their service.
The training of calligraphy professionals requires a lot of time and resources, which is difficult to solve in a short time. Therefore, the author believes that the current situation of the lack of Chinese calligraphy professionals is difficult to change within three or five years.
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