hg261zzb 163.com For solving complex problems, the more diligent they are, the lower

For solving complex problems, the more diligent they are, the lower

Source of information: Time: 2020-02-21 02:14:13

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The boss of a graphic design company is worried that even if he has done his best, he still can't keep the customer group that is gradually losing. Even a seemingly impeccable marketing plan that was very effective in the past can no longer yield any benefits to customers.
What should he do? How should he make the best decision for the company?
The problem-solving instinct may tell you that he had better hurry up with a "brainstorm" and work out a gradual plan. However, factual evidence and public research have shown that it is equally important for leaders to leave "doing nothing" for a while.
People often find that the best time to make their own decisions is often not the moment when they make the decision themselves. Instead, these moments usually occur when taking a shower or exercising. This is because a clever, unexpected solution usually appears when we remain calm and relaxed, and we can call it "the moment of inspiration". Sometimes these sudden ideas will be the only way to solve complex problems. If you think consciously, you may not be able to draw conclusions.
The good news is that these auras don't seem so accidental at first glance, but can be captured under certain conditions. A study we've been following for years has come up with the "four-step method" for more inspiration. Each of these steps can help you become aware of new activities in your brain, and those creative moments come from this.
Watch for quiet signals
Whether you are a company leader, manager, or employee, your schedule is likely to be occupied by countless meetings. In such a situation, you are surrounded by various people for most of the day, and you have no chance to enjoy the quietness of a certain time alone.
But quietness and solitude are the source of precious ideas. Inspiration itself can be seen as a quiet escape from the hustle and bustle of everyday life. Researchers have begun to focus more on the benefits of tranquility to inspiration. Several studies published in the journal Psychological Science have shown that a transcendental tranquility-meditation-can lead to better and more informed decisions. In the study, the subjects took only 15 minutes for undisturbed meditation, and then made better decisions. Meditation can make them more resistant to their prejudices.
Inspirational tip: No matter how busy you are, do your best to relax between meetings and leave yourself alone. You can find an empty conference room or leave your office and walk outside. (Scientists have found that walking is likely to give you the next inspiration.)
See the essence of things
Once you find a quiet place, try to focus on your thoughts and ignore what is happening around you. In other words, isolate your buzzing phone instead of glancing at it from time to time. Professor Mark Jung-Beeman found that when a person is inspired, his brain's visual cortex produces a large number of brain waves in the alpha wave range. These alpha brain waves transmit signals that reduce external interference, and this can help people notice their "emergency". It's a bit like the brain is in an "idle" mode.
Intrinsic concentration usually keeps pace with the wandering of consciousness-the latter being the key material for inspiration. As Professor Jung-beeman and his colleagues point out in the Journal of Neurological Leaders, Thomas Edison often wanders his consciousness in order to catch fleeting, innovative ideas. "During the consciousness walk, he takes notes of novel ideas, because Edison believes that these ideas are usually original."
The genius inventor seems to be saying something: scientists have discovered that consciousness roaming is one of the decisive factors for stimulating inspiration. In a standard test of creativity, researchers gave subjects two minutes to say as much as possible about multiple uses of items, such as bricks or shoes. They then gave the study subjects a 12-minute break, asking some of them to complete a laborious memory task during this time, while asking others to complete simple, effortless tasks to help them navigate their minds.
Twelve minutes later, the researchers performed the same creative test on them, and the test results of the latter group of subjects were 40% higher than their first test. In contrast, those who participated in laborious memory work showed no improvement.
Inspiration Tip: In order to create the best "daydream" atmosphere, never set your schedule full. Instead, you should arrange some "downtimes" regularly-even short gaps can have a huge impact. You can try shutting down your electronic device for a few hours each day-if possible, you can also turn it off for a few days a week. In this way, your consciousness can wander freely, and your brain will not miss any moments of flash.
Stay positive
The pressure to make big decisions will cause you a lot of anxiety, which is unfortunately the number one enemy of inspiration. Anxiety states create a lot of "noise" in the brain, and they crowd out the space for inspiration. Research shows that, contrary to the state of anxiety, even a little bit of pleasure can inspire people to "momentary moments" and creative problem solving. This is because, compared with anxiety, when people feel happy, they are more willing to pay attention and receive a wide range of information.
In a recent study, scientists found that a positive attitude played an important role in the process of inspiration. Professor Jung-Beeman also found in his research that those who have a good mood can answer more crossword puzzles-because in that state, they can harvest more moments of flash. The researchers also scanned the subjects' brains and found that good mood changed brain activity and placed them in an "inspiration-friendly" neural environment.
Inspiration tip: If you feel grumpy when making a complicated decision, there are other things you should do to release your emotions. Chat with friends, go out for a meal, or read a book ... these can all bring you the breakthrough progress you sorely need. Recent research has also shown that napping is a great way to ease frustration. Therefore, you can take a nap every day to maintain the best state-after waking up, your busy brain may give birth to a perfect solution to thank you.
Avoid thoughtfulness
From small to large, you may have been taught to think more before making big decisions. But inspiration is special, and it happens more often when you are not struggling to make a choice. Avoiding thoughtfulness is the key to making high-quality decisions, and the findings have been published in the journal Personality and Social Psychology.
In the study, the scientists provided the subjects with information on four strange apartments and asked them to choose the best one. Some subjects were asked to make decisions immediately without sufficient time to analyze the information. Others were asked to confirm carefully before making a choice. In addition, some people have carefully studied apartment information, but before making decisions, the researchers arranged unrelated tasks for them, deliberately distracting them.
The results show that the last group of people can more accurately choose the apartment with the best objective conditions.
Why is this happening? When you think about something, a short break can help you sort out some unconscious thoughts-these cognitive processes are often deeply hidden and very powerful, free from our consciousness. This type of resource is rarely developed, and it is critical to processing and digesting the large amount of information needed for decision making. It can be said that it is the key to inspiration. When we think about a problem, the brain engages in deep, subconscious activities, and as our thinking shifts to other tasks, this brain activity continues to remain active. Therefore, we are actually "keep working" unconsciously. Another reason why you can succeed without thinking positively about the solution is that in many cases, the deadlock is precisely because your mind is trapped in the wrong problem solving strategy. When the wrong way dominates our brains, we cannot get inspired.
Inspiration tip: Remember, you should take a break during any decision making process. And, when you're resting, be sure to focus on other things. Exercise is a foolproof way of rest, it can give your brain a full rest, so just like scheduling a company meeting, you can also put your daily exercise time into your schedule.
In short, anything that helps you notice quiet signals in your brain, also known as "weak activity," can increase your chances of being inspired. By training ourselves: 1. Leave space for tranquility; 2. Maintain inner focus; 3. Take a positive approach; 4. Don't be too proactive, we can gain more inspiration in every day of life. More inspiration and insights means faster resolution of complex problems, whether it's a marketing campaign, a customer challenge, or a change in the world.
David Rock Josh Davis | Text David Rock is the co-founder of the Neuroleadership Institute. Josh Davis is the director and chief professor of research at the Neuroleadership Institute. wain_pan Ni Shiyu | Translation and Editing of Harvard Business Review · Decision | Ma Xuemei xuemeima@hbrchina.org
Public ID: hbrchinese

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