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Chamber music, so elegant

Source of information: Time: 2020-02-21 02:14:05

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chamber music.
English is Chamber Music.
German is Kammermusik.
French is Musique de Chambre.
Italian for Musica Camera.
In terms of meaning, it is understood that it is music played for a small number of people in a smaller room.
At the end of the 17th century, before the official public concerts were formed, music performance could be divided into three categories: one was in the church, the other was in the theater, and the princely aristocracy enjoyed it in the fort. music. This last one can be called "chamber music". In the old music nouns, we also find "Sonata da Camera" or "Cantata da Camera", which is different from "Sonata da Chiesa", This can also be regarded as the beginning of the form of chamber music performance or composition.
At the beginning of the nineteenth century, when public concerts became a popular art event, Dr. Burney explained the following in chamber music in Rees's Cyclopaedia: Music composition is for small Performance rooms, small bands, and a small audience are different from the tunes and performances performed in churches or theaters.
The definition and scope of chamber music in modern times seems to be relatively narrow. It combines all large bands (orchestral or wind), chorus, a combination of instruments and vocals, solo vocals, any instrument solo (such as piano solo, flute solo, violin solo, etc.) Are excluded from chamber music. Generally contains only musical instrument ensembles, ranging from two, three to seven or eight, but each instrument usually has only one, that is, each instrument has its own independent personality and responsible performance connotation. Most of the music is untitled serious music, most of which are sonatas. The most common instrument combinations are divided into the following five categories:
1. Sonatas for violin and piano duet, sonatas for cello and piano duet.
2. String trio (violin, viola, cello), piano trio (violin, cello and piano).
3. String quartet (first, second violin, viola, cello), piano quartet (violin, viola, cello and piano).
4. String quintet (string quartet, plus a viola, or cello), piano quintet (string quartet, plus piano), clarinet quintet, and other instrument quintets, all string quartets plus Call it an instrument.
Fifth, string quartet (Violin, Viola, Cello each two pieces, but playing different music scores).
As for the above various performance forms, the string quartet is the most important. Because of its complete voice, wide range, and the backbone of any large-scale music, almost no western composer has ever trained in string quartet composition.
If only in terms of instrument size, chamber music can be regarded as a scaled-down version of the huge symphony. But in fact this is just a metaphor. Many chamber music has no less than the number of large orchestral music. Like Mozart's E-flat major wandering (K.563), it can be used in both depth and length. Works that rival real symphonies represent the arduous and complex type of chamber music creation. But I have to admit that, even if only based on statistical significance, most of the chamber music works are less formal in form than orchestral works, which is probably the first impression of chamber music.
And a symphony orchestra has never been equivalent to a first-class orchestra as long as it has first-class musicians, and it has never been possible to perform these large works just by rehearsing orchestral repertoire. The musicians of the great symphony orchestra must all undergo the training of chamber music ensemble and have deep chamber music cultivation, in order to be able to obtain detailed sensitivity and sound balance of sound, and the ability to accurately coordinate with other instruments. As a listener, although you don't need to have such professional and in-depth understanding and training, even for simple listening and appreciation, chamber music is the road of hearing you must experience.
It is called elegant style, achieving perfect balance between expression of emotion and balanced form. Rich sensibility and speculative rationality complement each other ... If music can cultivate sentiment, cultivate temperament, and improve the emotional experience and rational experience of life, then chamber music It is undoubtedly the most suitable form of music.
* According to "Chinese Encyclopedia", Gao Yi articles and other data editor

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