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The ten most accomplished people in Chinese calligraphy, we must know!

Source: Time: 2020-01-09 04:28:39

Millennium Tongzhou vitality north stream

Calligraphy is the national symbol with the most classic signs since the development of Chinese traditional culture and art for five thousand years. Calligraphy can be called China's "fourth religion", which has a strong appeal, ritual sense and public participation. For more than 5,000 years in China, Can Ruoxinghe, a representative figure from all periods, will introduce to you the top ten most accomplished calligraphers and their masterpieces in Chinese history.
Dongjin Famous Calligrapher
"Book Holy" —— Wang Xizhi
Wang Xizhi is the most famous and most accomplished calligrapher in China. He has a wide range of talents and has established his own family. Not only has it been a symbolic monument in the history of Chinese calligraphy, it has profoundly influenced Chinese millennium calligraphy, and left a large number of rich and diverse calligraphy Boutique. Calligraphy is good at writing, writing, writing, and all kinds of things, studying the posture, pursuing the heart, pursuing the strengths of the people, preparing the various styles, and smelting in one furnace.
Representative works: The Preface to Lanting is hailed as the "first book in the world". It was loved by Taizong alone, and "Fast Snow Times" is also the favorite of the emperor Qianlong.
"The First Book of the World" by Wang Xizhi, "Lan Ting Xu"
The calligraphy of Lanting Preface is exquisite and wonderful. Existing copybooks are best copied from Feng Chengsu's "Double Hook Filling". The ancients called Wang Xizhi's "Lanting Preface", such as "the breeze comes out of the sleeve, and the moon is in the arms". The full text is 28 lines, 324 characters, and the words "floating like a cloud, beautiful like a dragon, waves and clouds, infinite changes", changed the simple and stable style of the book since the Han and Wei dynasties, and opened the beautiful stream The first of its kind, its majestic spirit, seems natural. The demeanor, temperament, compassion, and sentiment of the author are also incorporated into the work. The chapters, structures, and strokes are all perfect. It was his proud work at the age of thirty-three, marking the highest state of Wang Xizhi's calligraphy art.
Wang Xizhi's Two Thank You Posts
Wang Xizhi's "Quick Snowy Post"
Wang Xizhi's "Mourning Post"
Wang Yizhi's "Leyi Theory"
Distinguished Calligrapher of the Mid Tang Dynasty
One of the "four regular script"-Yan Zhenqing
Yan Zhenqing is the most accomplished calligrapher after Wang Ji. His strokes conveyed a calm, cheerful, free-spirited master. Yan Zhenqing created a unique realm of calligraphy in the history of calligraphy with "face style". Yan Lugong's calligraphy is based on its outstanding spirituality, and its realm is magnificent; it is forged by its strong soul, and it is naturally magnificent; and it is naturally broadened by its rich human beings. In his later years, he still wanted to be innocent and infatuated. Its "face" stands tall in the book world.
Representative works: There are many inscriptions in the handed down works, such as "Sacrifice for Nephew", "Seat for the Seat" and "Mugu Monument". "Manuscript to the Nephew" is a draft of Yan Jiqing who pursued the sacrifice from his nephew Yan Jiming in the Tang Dynasty.
Yan Zhenqing's "Secretary's Manuscript"
Yan Zhenqing's "Secret Manuscript" was written in a mood of extreme grief and indifference to the clumsy workmanship. Therefore, the characters fluctuated with the emotions of the scholars, and it was purely a natural manifestation of spiritual and peaceful labor. This is rare in the history of calligraphy. It can be said that "Manuscript to the Nephew" is one of the original ink works with great historical value and artistic value, which is extremely valuable.
Yan Zhenqing's "The Legend of Magu"
Yan Zhenqing's "Multi-Pagoda Stele"
"Multi-Pagoda Stele" is a book by Yan Zhenqing when he was 44 years old. The whole structure is tight, the stippling is round, and the beauty is firm. Although it has not yet formed the style of Yan Kai, which is strong, strong, and magnificent. The basic style of the wind is the earliest regular script in the Yan Book that has been handed down. It has a smooth and straightforward structure, and is rigorous and solemn. It is one of the representative inscriptions of "Shang Fa" in the Tang Dynasty.
Yan Zhenqing's "Seat Posts"
"Seat for the Seat" is a cursive fine book by Yan Zhenqing. In the second year of Tang Guangde (AD 764), Yan Zhenqing wrote a manuscript to the servant She Yingying. Yan Zhenqing wrote this long letter, citing the conventional resistance of the dynasties and the Tang Dynasty. This manuscript was written by Yan Zhenqing because of his arrogance and dissatisfaction with power, so the violent spirit jumped on the paper. Many words and lines are also written in an up and down manner, his posture is flying, and Hu Hu is angry, and it seems to show his strong, straightforward and honest character.
Yan Zhenqing's "Begging"
Famous Calligrapher of Tang Dynasty
One of the "four regular script"-Ouyang Xun
Ouyang Xun is one of the four well-known regular script in history. He has his unique insights on calligraphy and the "eight tricks" of calligraphy. His calligraphy achievement is best in regular script, with strong writing strength and unique structure. Later generations called it "European style". The rigor of its calligraphy and the sternness of its pen power make it unparalleled in the world. Its origins are from Hanli, with strong bones and rigorous statutes. It is extremely dangerous in the middle of the peace, elegant in the rules, interspersed with strokes, and arranged properly.
Representative works: The regular script is "Jiucheng Gongquan Ming", and the running script is "Dream of Dreams" and "Zhang Hantie". The other book styles are also not bad. "Jiucheng Gongquan Inscription" was later described as "the first regular script in the world" or "the first official script in the world", enjoying the reputation of "the best rule of regular script". Jia Feng is a model of regular script, and it is also the most copied work of calligraphy beginners of all ages.
Ouyang Xun's Jiucheng Gongquan Ming
"Jiucheng Palace's Quanquan Ming" fully reflects Ouyang Xun's calligraphic structure, which is rigorous and round. You can see the beauty of this round of calligraphy. This monument calligraphy is high and solemn, and the method is strict. The strokes are square and round, and the structure is strict. Overturned, left and right, partly dangerous and overall dignified, no disorder, no sag. The pen is square, compact, smooth and dangerous. Ming Chen Jiru once commented: "This post is as deep as a mountain, thin and cold, and full of energy, which can make the king bend his knees.
Ouyang Xun's "The Monument to Huang Fu's Birthday"
Ouyang Xun "The Monument of Huadu Temple"
Ouyang Xun's "Poster to Zhong Ni Meng"
Ouyang Xun's "A Thousand-Character Words in Running Books"
Tang Dynasty Calligrapher
"Grass Saint"-Zhang Xu
Zhang Xu is famous for cursive writing, and Li Bai's poetry, Pei Yi sword dance, known as "three must". Poetry is also unique, with seven unique strengths, and Li Bai, He Zhizhang and others together listed one of the eight immortals. With He Zhizhang, Zhang Ruoxu and Bao Rong, they are known as "Four Scholars in Wuzhong". Calligraphy is as famous as Huai Su.
Zhang Xu's handwritten writings include "belly pain post", "four ancient poems" and so on.
Zhang Xu's Belly Pain Post
Zhang Xu had a stomachache, and felt it for a while. It was written at the pen end, and the next note was handwritten. The full post is in six lines and 30 words. Wen Ri: "Sudden abdominal pain is unbearable. I do n’t know if it is caused by hot or cold. If you want to take rhubarb soup, hot and cold are beneficial. How to count, not clinical." The first three words of this work The writing is more regular, and the words are not connected. Starting from the fourth word, each line is to the end, and the upper and lower bands are intertwined, and the faster and faster the writing, the more crazy the writing, the more strange the writing, the images appear, the flavor is full, and the cursive script's situational performance is maximized. . It can be seen that Zhang Xu's magnanimous sentiment, ostentatious expression, Taishan's magnificent style, and unpredictable situation, in the wild grass of the pen-writing book, turned out to make viewers thrilled.
Zhang Xu's Heart Sutra
Zhang Xu's "Cursor Heart Sutra" was first seen in "Inscriptions on Tablets", and his "Tang Cao Xin Jing" inscription reads Zhang Xu. Previously, there was "Cursor Heart Sutra" transferred from Baita Temple by Sun Ren from the Ming Dynasty in the forest of steles. The Guanzhong Jinshi Writing Survival Examination records both types of cursive "Heart Sutra", and its "Heart Sutra, Abdominal Pain Post, Thousands of Broken Stele" bets "Zhang Xu cursive, no years and months", and said "the right three stone are Stele Forest in Xi'an. " Zhang Xu's "Book of Cursive Hearts" appeared at the latest in the Three Years of the Republic of China (1914).
Zhang Xu's "Lang Guan Shi Zhu Ji"
The book "Lang Guanshi Ji Ji", the original stone is a long time ago, passed down to Wang Shizhen's old collection "Song Tuo Guben", which is precious. Zhang Xu's cursive script is indulgent, and the preface is the solemn script of Zhang Xu's life. There are photocopies of the world.
Zhang Xu's "Four Ancient Poems"
The four strokes of the Ancient Poems are full of strokes, and there is no weak and smooth pen. The ups and downs of the text, staggering movements, full of paper like a cloud of smoke, is really the peak of cursive writing. Today's Guo Zixuyun: "The Four Poems of Ancient Poetry" can be said to be the crystallization of Zhang Xu's entire life, a model of genius beauty and natural beauty, the essence of national art, and a symbol of eternal beauty. "
Northern Song Dynasty Calligrapher, Painter
One of the "Four Songs"-Mi Fu
He is one of the "Song Four Calligraphers" (Su, Mi, Huang, Cai), and is second to none. He is good at calligraphy, li, Kai, Xing, Cao, etc. It is longer than the ancient calligraphy of Lintong, reaching the level of realism. The book style is loose and unrestrained, and stricter than the law. "Biography of Song History · Wen Yuan Biography" said: "The queen is so beautiful in Han Mo, calmly flying, and has won the pen of Wang Xian." Because of his dress behavior and his obsession with calligraphy and painting precious stones, he was regarded as a mania in the world. Called.
Mi Xuan's handed down inks include "Luxi Poetry Volume", "Shu Su Tie", "Fang Yuan Ji Ji" and "Tianma Fu".
Mi Xuan's Shu Sutie Ink on silk 29.7 × 284.3cm Taipei Museum Collection
The book "Shu Sutie" is in the Wusi column, but the momentum is not limited at all, and is indulgent. With a pen of penance, the gesture is flying. Dong Qichangba said: "This volume is like a lion fighting elephant. Going all out, it should be a cooperation in life."
Mi Xun's Poems on the River
This volume is straight down with a pen center, thick fiber and both out. In particular, Yun Feng has rich changes in front, side, Tibetan, and dew, and the transition of stippling and twisting is continuous. The knot is smooth, the middle palace is slightly converged, and the center of gravity is maintained. At the same time, the vertical and horizontal drawing stretches freely, and the rich and the weak rise and fall. Throughout the text, the font is slightly tilted to the left, and the tendency is more sloppy. The style of the whole book is natural and natural, it is full of change, and it is full of fun, reflecting the typical appearance of the middle-aged book of Mi.
Mi Xun's Qinghe Post
Mi Yan's "Rural Stone Post"
Mi Ye's "Old Post"
Famous Calligrapher of Tang Dynasty
One of the "four regular script"-Liu Gongquan
The prince from the prince to the prince, known as the "liu master" in the world, absorbed the beauty of Yan and Ou. He formed his own willow body between Jin Mei and Yan Shu Yong Rong, and he was strong in strength and strength. "Yanjin Liugu" reputation. Liu Gongquan's calligraphy was famous at the time in the Tang Dynasty, and folks even said that the word "liu" was worth thousands of dollars.
The character of Liu Gongquan has a slightly longer glyph and a thinner stroke. The general feature is that the bones and bones are exposed, and the strokes are flexible. The gesture stretches to all sides, regardless of whether it is horizontal, vertical, skimming, or squat. His representative works include the "King Kong Sutra", "Mysterious Tower Stele", "Sacred Army Stele Monument" and so on.
Liu Gongquan's "Secretary's Monument"
"Mysterious Tower Monument" by Liu Gongquan
"Mysterious Tower Stele"-Ming Wang Shizhen Yun: "The most revealing bones in this tomb willow." Its strong bones, strong bones and bones, strong and charming; the characters are thin and long, and the size is quite scattered, Qiao rich changes, Gu Pan Shen Fei, Qi pulse flowing between the lines. There is no penny in the whole monument, it can be described as exquisite.
The Diamond Sutra by Liu Gongquan
Tang Tuo, a regular script of the Emperor Liu of the Tang Dynasty, "The Diamond Sutra" is an early calligraphy work of Liu Gongquan. The original stone was destroyed in the Song Dynasty. Now, only "Tang Tuo" is found in Dunhuang Grottoes. In his early years, Liu Gongquan had widely adopted the strengths of the families, and paid particular attention to the study of his predecessors. From the Sutra of the Diamond Sutra, we can see the traces of his dharma. "Guangchuan Book Post" reads: "This script is from the Ximing Temple. The examination of his book today is a unique skill, especially valuable."
Liu Gongquan's Mongolian Post
Northern Song Dynasty painter, writer
One of the "Everybody in the Tang and Song Dynasties"-Su Shi
Su Shi is good at traveling, regular script, and ups and downs with a pen, which is innocent. Ziyun: "I can't create a book with my intentions"; he respected each other, and his brothers and nephews You, Mai, Guo, and friends Wang Dingguo and Zhao Lingzhang all learned from him; later celebrities such as Li Gang, Han Shizhong, Lu You, and Wu Kuan and Zhang Zhidong of the Qing Dynasty also learned from him, showing the great influence.
"Huangzhou Cold Food Post"
"Huangzhou Cold Food Post" is an excellent work by Su Shi. This is a poem for rejuvenation, a sigh of life sent by Su Shi during the third year of the Cold Food Festival in Huangzhou. Throughout the text, the ups and downs of calligraphy, glorious, and magnificent, without penance, is known as 'the third line of the world'.
Li Baixian's Poems
"North Travel Post"
Su Shi's "Recent Posts" Shanghai Zhang Shihan Lu's Former Collection
Su Shi's "Tobu Post", running script, collected by the Taipei Palace Museum.
Su Shi's "Cross the Sea Post", running script, Yuanfeng Three Years (1100), paper, 28.6X40.2 cm, Taipei Palace Museum
Yuan Dynasty Famous Book Painter
One of the "four regular script"-Zhao Mengfu
Zhao Mengfu not only created a new generation of painting, calligraphy was the first person in the Yuan Dynasty. For example, Yuan Yushu, a famous calligraphy expert in the Yuan Dynasty, commented: "Zi Aung, Li, Zhen, Xing, and Bian Cao are the first." The wind is charming, beautiful, and well-organized, and the strokes are familiar. Later generations call it "Zhao Ti".
Zhao Mengfu has a lot of handed down works, and his representative works include "Thousand Characters", "Luo Shenfu", "Drain of the Darkness", "The Cube Monument", and "Going Back".
Zhao Mengfu's "Front and Back Chibi Fu"
The branch of the post is calm and elegant, with a pen rounded and energetic, beautiful and beautiful, elegant and elegant, full of Wei and Jin romantic charm.
Zhao Mengfu's Luo Fu
"Luo Shen Fu" is the representative work of Zhao Shixing. "Luo Shen Fu" was originally named "Gan Zhen Fu", and its writing involved a complicated relationship between Cao Zhi and Wei Wendi Cao Pi's concubine Zhen. Zhao Mengfu's "Luo Shen Fu", the combination and stippling in Kaixing, won the second king's will.
"Going Back"
Famous Calligrapher and Politician of the Three Kingdoms Cao Wei
The founder of regular script——Zhong Yan
Zhong Yan's work book, Cao Xi, Cai Yan, masters of the public, and good at each other, especially good at Kai, formed a new look from Li Kai. Same name with Wang Xizhi, and is called "King of Bell". Tang Zhang Huaijin's "Book Breaking" called him: "The true book is peerless, rigid and soft, and there are many interesting points between stipples. It can be described as deep and quaint. Since Qin and Han dynasties, only one person." Zhong Yan, Li, Zhen A variety of book styles, lines, and cursive work, the best written is regular script, respected by later generations as the "first script of the regular script".
His representative works include "He Jie Table", "Life Table", "Announcement Table", "Recommended Season Straight Table" and so on.
Zhong Xuan's Declaration Form
The "Announcement Form" is a copy of Wang Xizhi's copy. The typeface is neat and quaint, and the knot is slightly flat. The strokes have been removed from the ancient meaning of Lishu. Most of them are true calligraphy styles, masterpieces by Zhong Rong, and can also be said to be the ancestors of the regular script. This post is more mature than the other works of Zhong Yan in both the style and the style of the regular script. The stippling is bold and simple, and the font is wide and flat. It fully reflects the Wei and Jin era. The artistic characteristics of the mature regular script.
Zhong Kuan's cursive book "Win the Wind"
Famous Ming Dynasty Painter
One of "Four Talents in Jiangnan" —— Wen Zhengming
Wen Zhengming's calligraphy and painting accomplishments are extremely comprehensive. Poetry, writing, writing and painting are all perfect. In poetry, he also called "Four Talents of Wuzhong" with Zhu Yunming, Tang Yin and Xu Yanqing. Wen Zhengming's first teacher of calligraphy Li Yinghuan, later learned extensively from previous generations, especially good at calligraphy and lower case, warm and beautiful, with strict and vivid manners. Although it is not magnificent, it has the style of Jin and Tang calligraphy and has its own style. The lower case strokes are gentle, the rhythm is gentle, and it is in harmony with his painting style. It is known as the "Ming Dynasty First" and has great influence on future generations.
Wen Zhengming's three uppercase and lowercase masterpieces are "Qin Fu", "Cao Tang Shi Zhi" and "Thousand Characters".
Qin Fu
Ten Cottages in the Thatched Cottage
Thousands of Characters

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