Millennium Tongzhou vitality north streamChen Qingzhi
Today Keywords: Qingming
Revel in the mellow fragrance of Qushui, listen to the beautiful legend of "cutting meat to serve the king, but hope that the protagonist is always clear", where did the complex for thousands of years come from ...
The traditional Qingming Festival of Chinese Han nationality started around the Zhou Dynasty and has a history of more than 2,500 years. Affected by the Han culture, Manchu, Zhuang, Wa, Tu, Miao and other 24 ethnic minorities all have customs of the Qingming Festival. Although the customs vary from place to place, tomb sacrifice and ancestral worship and outing tours are the basic themes.
The earliest Qingming originated from solar terms, which evolved into a festival to commemorate the ancestors and was associated with the Cold Food Festival. In pursuit of historical traces, the prohibition of fire and cold food mainly reflects the custom of the ancients to change fire.
Xu Zheng's "Resolving the Fire": "The Code of Fire Reconstruction, which passed from ancient times to three generations, so far in Han Dynasty, was abandoned after the Wei and Jin dynasties, and reinstated in the Sui dynasty ... If Elm willow is used in spring, it will be poisonous if it is still used in summer. People are susceptible to illness, so they must change the fire to eliminate poison, that is, to rescue the disease. "
Spring March, the middle of spring and twilight spring, the 108th day after the winter solstice is Qingming, at the time of reform. And when the fire was changed, people were not allowed to raise the fire, they could only eat cold food, and the Cold Food Festival came from this.
(Cool food festival Youth League.)
The Analects. "Yang Goods": "The old valley has neither, the new valley has risen, the drill collar has been changed to fire, and the period may have expired." It can be seen that the ancient Qing and Ming dynasties had a tradition of tomb sacrifice and sacrifices. In the Qin and Han dynasties, the ritual of sweeping graves was more prosperous. According to the Han Book, even if Yan Yannian left Beijing thousands of miles, he would return to his hometown regularly. "The home of scholars and grandchildren should be allowed to go to the tomb and be incorporated into the five rituals, which is always the norm." The tomb sacrifice is also included in the five rituals.
Later, the Qingming Festival gradually rose from the status attached to the Cold Food Festival to the status of replacing the Cold Food Festival. Not only are rituals such as going to the grave and sweeping tombs held in Qingming, even the original custom activities of the Cold Food Festival, such as Cuju, swing swings, etc., are also owned by Qingming Festival.
Qingming Festival is also called Taqing Festival. "Qingming air changes to fire, Yuanzhang is floating." Qingming Festival Taqing will be inseparable with the word "Yuanzhang". Yuanzhang is the last day of the lunar calendar. The old custom, except that Linshui Ling is ominous today, saying "repair". Since the Wei of the Three Kingdoms, this festival has been fixed to March 3. It is also known as the custom of "Chong San", "Chun Ye" and "Qu Shui Liu Ye". It is mainly to go green and take a bath (to bathe in the river to pray for blessings and relieve disasters), reflecting the psychological needs of people who urgently need spiritual adjustment after a dull winter. Beginning around the Tang Dynasty, the Qingming Sacrifice Festival absorbed this earlier festival.
(The Qingming season when all things are recovering is a good time to set foot.)
Lu Jishi of the Jin Dynasty: "Late twilight and spring, the weather is soft and beautiful. Yuan Jilong's first encounter, and the filthy swim in the Yellow River." It is a vivid portrayal of the festival and the festival.
The Qingming Festival, which combines the essence of two ancient festivals, finally formed a traditional festival centered on ancestral sacrifice and tomb sweeping during the Song and Yuan dynasties.Taoyuan Life Skills
Qingming Festival is one of the eight major traditional festivals in China. Since ancient times, official documents have formally stipulated that the Qingming Festival is a holiday. This provision has been for more than 1,200 years, indicating that since then, the Qingming Festival has the national legal festival color.
According to the State Council's 2017 holiday schedule notice, this year's Qingming Festival will be closed for three days, and the freeway will be free for three days. The range of free traffic is for passenger vehicles with less than 7 seats (including 7 seats) on toll roads. Taqing provides convenience.
Traditional festivals are the main carrier of Chinese traditional culture inheritance and an important way to promote the outstanding culture of the motherland.
Tomb sweeping in the Ming dynasty means "respect for the time" for the ancestors. However, the customs vary from place to place. As far as the time of sacrifice and sweeping is concerned, there are many opinions such as the top ten, the last ten, the top ten, and the last ten. The worship time is before noon, and it is considered disrespectful if it is outdated. It is also unlucky to have too much Yin in the afternoon.
The Qingming ball is also very particular about the amount of paper money floating under the ball, and the number of copper coins on each, as much as possible, which is like the size of the parcel, which is enough to prove how much you give to your ancestors.
(Qingming Festival is now also an important carrier of Chinese traditional culture.)
"March 3, boiled eggs boiled with local rapeseed." This is a must-have holiday product in the local area. Di Caizi is the common name of amaranth. It has a sweet and cold nature, and enters the liver, spleen, and lung meridians. It has the effects of clearing heat and bleeding, clearing liver and eyesight, and diuretic and swelling. In the morning, I picked up a bunch of freshly cooked colza and boiled three earthy eggs.
There are many ways to treat amaranth. They can be fried, boiled, stewed, and stuffed. They are all fresh and delicious with unique flavors. March amaranth is delicious, nine ripe cherries are best known.
In March and tomorrow, men and women sweep the tombs, carry respect for the eunuchs, and hang ingots on the back of the horses. Worshippers, mourners, cryers, weeders who add weeds to the tomb, burn ingots, and set the tombs with paper money. Cry, don't go home, tend to the fragrant tree, choose the garden, sit down and drunk.
Tomb sweeping in the mountains is a concrete manifestation of going after the distance, staying close to the family, and showing filial piety. Grasping wine is a good way to broaden your mind, cultivate your sentiments, and improve yourself.
In the Cold Food Festival, a great fire of Jin Wengong burned mesons into a classic of patriotic and loyal monarchs. In the previous festival, Wang Xizhi's wonderful hand fixed the reputation of a generation of scriptures into an unattainable eternity.
This spring's Qingming will surely bring a pot of fine wine, to comfort the ancestors, to show off posterity, not to get drunk in Qushuiliu ...
By Liu Yibo
["Taste Reading" Column No. 24, 2017 (Issue No. 78)]