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经52岁卸任日本麦肯锡顾问公司总经理、投身政治运动、参选东京都知事（等同于东京市市长）失利等重大转折之后，大前研一回顾自己长达25年的上班族生涯，撰写了《后五十岁的选择》一书，与读者们分享自己对职场的种种体悟与观察。 After the 52-year-old stepped down as the general manager of the Japanese McKinsey consultant company, joined the political movement, lost the election of the governor of Tokyo (equivalent to the mayor of Tokyo) and other major turning points, Daisuke Ken reviewed his 25-year office career and wrote With the book "The Choices in the Post-Fifties", I share with readers all my insights and observations about the workplace.
He pointed out that as an office worker, whether you are in the 20th generation (referring to people between the ages of 20 and 29, and so on), the 30th, 40th, or 50th generation, for individuals and companies, it represents Different meaning.
Therefore, if you cannot recognize your age early, correctly determine the learning goals of each stage, and prepare for the next challenge, you will have to face with colleagues when you are about to retire at the age of 50. "The destiny is very different"; if the general environment is not good, you may be sent early.
。 Daiichi Maeichi emphasizes the notion that life is a continuous process .
。 Therefore, the strategy you take at each stage will greatly affect the performance of the next stage .
In other words, only by taking a serious look at each period of your career, you can safely exit the stage and have a happy life.
So, how can we master the learning focus of each period and avoid affecting our future development?
Through the experience sharing of management masters, you will be able to draw a clearer blueprint for your career in the next few decades!
Daiichi Kenichi believes that truly outstanding managers will emerge in the 20th generation and create their own careers.
For example, Kosuke Matsushita has been an apprentice since the age of 12, learning practical experience, and founded Panasonic at the age of 25.
Akio Morita was honed in the family business and founded Tokyo Communication Industry (later SONY) after graduating from college.
Fujita set up a trading company in his college days, and later successfully introduced fast food culture to create Japan's first McDonald's.
。 Daisuke Kenichi pointed out that the most common feature of these successful managers is that they "don't consider themselves an office worker" and continue to maintain the habit of independent thinking .
Therefore, they have not been “tamed” by onerous routine affairs, but took the opportunity to seize the opportunity to learn and tap their own talents.
Generally speaking, most office workers in their 20s soon left the campus. Due to lack of experience, supervisors are easy to question "Do you understand me? Can I successfully complete the tasks I have explained?"
But when your supervisor instructs you to "do it", have you ever stopped and think carefully about why? Or is there a more efficient approach?
If you just think about completing your boss's orders, in the long run, it may evolve into an instruction, an action mode of action, and even make you lose the ability to think independently.
Take Daiichi Maeichi as an example. After returning to China with a Ph.D., he successfully entered Hitachi Works (HITACHI).
At that time, the company was known as "Hitachi of the World" and was one of Japan's most respected key companies. However, within two years of working as an engineer, Daisuke Kenichi has always dismissed the clever practice of high-level executives giving up their own R & D and introducing technology from foreign countries.
Due to multiple invalidations, he resigned resolutely at the age of 29, only to find a stage where his talents can be better utilized.
The way you spend your 20th generation will have an unimaginable impact on your future career.
Don't let everyone else go, lest your independent thinking will slip away!
30-year-old is the most suitable for office workers to go all out and step into the stage of success.
。 Daisuke Kenichi pointed out that no matter what kind of company they are staying in, after 10 years in the workplace, facing all the things that should be learned, not only learn, but also be fully proficient, to the extent that they can't even pick themselves .
Because this is the golden period for office workers to have the strongest learning ability. Once this period has passed, many people can only stay where they are.
Working people in their 30s not only have accumulated enough practical experience, but also all aspects of physical strength, spirit, and ability are at their peak.
In order to achieve the ideal goal, you can devote yourself to work more than 20 hours a day, so this is also the best time to take over management duties.
”。 In addition, another valuable feature at this stage is that " the possibility of changing runways remains ."
Since your career plan is still in the start-up phase, you still have a considerable margin. Even if you are willing to change jobs, the price paid for "change" is relatively small.
For example, after leaving Hitachi, Daishinichi decided to switch the runway, enter McKinsey consultants, and enter the unfamiliar management field.
As a rookie, he often has to submit proposals to business owners who are twice his age. He always spends more time than colleagues on hypotheses, experiments, and even running field interviews across the country before finally sorting out conclusions with confidence. In return.
His first book, Corporate Staff, which caused heated discussions, was a collection of personal notes from his first three years at McKinsey. At the age of 36, he was officially promoted to general manager of McKinsey & Co. Japan.
！ Despite all these advantages, there is still a special trap for office workers in the 30th generation: avoid falling into the "15 years of magic" !
This is a vocabulary created by Daisuke Yasushi, which refers to the period when he thinks he is proficient in various abilities, does not intend to continue learning, and does not have the intention to quit.
It usually occurs around the age of 35 and continues until you leave the company.
He described that this type of office worker has lost all his goals and motivation, and his daily work is like "a card game that only counts points down", and he just hopes that no points will be deducted.
After a long time, the distance between the promotion and the promotion is naturally distant, so I have to wait for retirement quietly.End of Warsaw Defender
If you are already over 40, look around and think about the great colleagues who joined the company at the same time as you. Where are you now?
Daisuke Kenichi pointed out that office workers in their 40s should face up to reality-in the eyes of executives, the list of employees who are "worthy of promotion" and "stay in place" is no longer obvious at this stage.
As we get older, the gap between the two will only grow wider.
So how to avoid this situation?
。 Daisuke Kenichi suggested that instead of simply imagining his own future, you might as well lock a senior in your department who is "convinced" and has a seniority of about 10 years or more, and observe his career for a long time .
When was he most proud of the company? What position do you currently hold? In what condition? How does everyone comment on him?
Senior colleagues in the same department are the most important observation objects for your reference, because you are in the same environment and absorb the nutrients in the same petri dish.
During the observation process, you may come up with the idea, "If he did it then, he will be better now ...".
Please give these suggestions to yourself directly, because the status quo of senior colleagues is likely to become your future.
”。 As he has entered the middle and late stages of his career, Daisuke Kenichi's other advice to 40-generation office workers is "to find a life goal other than work ."
Personally, as a conscious intellectual, he deserves a social responsibility, so he founded the citizen movement organization "Heisei Restoration Meeting" at the age of 49, and started a series of political reforms. Resolutely resigned as general manager of McKinsey to run for the governor of Tokyo.
Even if the final result of the election is not satisfactory, taking the first step bravely and fulfilling the life goals other than work is always a "no regretful choice" in Daishinken's mouth.
By the age of 50, the tail of his career could be dimly seen, and he predicted the final height he could reach.
Daisho Kenichi suggested that office workers should conduct a total inventory of their lives between 5 and 10 years before retirement.
。 This action hides two meanings: reviewing the achievements of past efforts and examining the life you want in the next 30 years .
"Life is fortunate and unhappy, which is the criterion for judging the success of this life," he emphasized.
So at this stage, everything has to be inferred from the results. What kind of things make you happy? What important goals have you missed in this life?
When you take stock, be completely honest with yourself.
Once you find that "doing nothing will leave you regret", you might as well "Reset" your life!
一般来讲， 认真经营各阶段职业生涯的人，此时往往能拥有比一般人更优渥的条件，依照自身意愿，从容进行人生Reset（重置） 。 This action is also equivalent to the "total settlement" of past life: Generally speaking, people who seriously manage their careers at various stages often have better conditions than ordinary people at this time, and can easily perform life reset (reset) according to their own wishes ) .
In 2005, the 62-year-old former senior researcher also bravely reset his life.
Since McKinsey retired and left the political circle, he has not only taught at world-renowned universities, but has also established the Business Breakthrough Institute, where he has exerted his expertise and is committed to training more business management talents.
Now, where are you in the text? After reading the management career masters based on their own experience, after 20 to 50-year-old office workers to draw up career planning, may wish to apply to yourself.
As long as you step through each step step by step, it is not impossible to have a working career that makes you confident, achieve a sense of accomplishment every day, and finally exits smoothly!
Two stages of my career, check list of key tasks outside of work.
The former researcher suggested that office workers can divide their careers into two major stages. The age of 20 to 40 is the "target sprint period" and the age of 40 to 60 is the "retirement preparation period". The two stages have different priorities:
： Target sprint period (20-40 years) :
Put forward some bold and innovative ideas to "stunning" your supervisor, don't set your own limits!
Watch more news, defend your rights and interests in a timely manner, and care about what other people in the society are doing.
Develop irreplaceable professional skills. This is the basic condition for promotion, and it is more about whether you can get a sense of accomplishment from your work and form a positive cycle.
Retirement preparation period (40-60 years):
Write "10 things you want to do when you get older", which includes 5 indoor activities, so that even if physical decline, you can continue to maintain, and you must maintain personal interest in old age!
Take stock of the most important talent in your career and continue to strengthen it. In the event of a sudden transfer or layoff, the next company can quickly build personal value.
Pick the right time to pass on the actual combat experience you have accumulated over the years to the rising stars, and gradually train the new generation of talents for the company.
作者的辛苦付出与创作。 Copyright Notice: This article is taken from the 150 issue of "Cheers" in Taiwan. Thank you for your hard work and creation. 联系，我们将在第一时间处理，非常感谢！ If the reprint involves copyright and other issues, please send a message to the background to contact us , we will deal with it as soon as possible, thank you very much!
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