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Why do scientists say peptides are fundamental to longevity?

Public number: Zhoukou sea island sea cucumber Source: Time: 2020-02-21 01:49:12

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First let's understand what exactly is a peptide

Peptides: A class of substances whose molecular structure is between amino acids and proteins. Two amino acids connected end to end are called peptides, and the chain connected by peptide bonds is called a peptide chain. According to the number of amino acids that make up the peptide chain, it becomes a "several" peptide. ), A peptide consisting of three amino acids is called a "tripeptide" (such as glutathione), a peptide consisting of four amino acids is called a "tetrapeptide", and so on, pentapeptide, hexapeptide, heptad ... ... fifteen peptides ... etc.

Small peptide: refers to an ultra-low molecular weight oligopeptide, a highly active peptide consisting of only 2 to 4 amino acids, and the molecular weight is generally 180 to 480 Daltons.

Oligopeptide: refers to peptides containing less than 10 amino acids, and the molecular weight is generally about 1,000 Daltons. Small peptides are ultra-low molecular weight peptides in oligopeptides.

Polypeptide: A peptide having a molecular weight greater than 1000 Daltons and less than 10,000 Daltons.

Protein: Peptide with a molecular weight greater than 10,000 Daltons. Such as soybean protein, molecular weight of tens of thousands, collagen, molecular weight of 100,000 to 300,000 and so on.

Specific to small molecule collagen, also called nano-collagen, refers to small peptide collagen with an average molecular weight of 500 Daltons. These small molecules have strong biological activity.

So what are the characteristics of small molecule peptides?

1. After being ingested into the body, the protein is mainly absorbed in the form of amino acids and small peptides and used by the cells after decomposition.

2. The foreign protein provided in food must be broken down into amino acids and small peptides before it can be reorganized into the human body's own protein. The probability of using peptides to synthesize proteins in the human body is about 25% higher than the use of amino acids

3. Small peptides are directly involved in the metabolism of blood cells, brain and nerve cells, muscle cells, germ cells, endocrine cells, and skin cells, and participate in cell growth, development, physiological functions, and division and proliferation.

4. There are only more than 20 kinds of amino acids that can be absorbed and utilized by the human body. However, different types and different numbers of amino acids can be constructed into hundreds or thousands of peptides through permutations and combinations. Just as simple pieces of wood, paint, and nails can be used to make thousands of forms of furniture.

What effect does peptide have on the human body?

1. Anti-microbial and increase immunity

Antibiotic peptides obtained after animal and plant enzymolysis or bioactive peptides such as interferons, interleukins and biodefensins produced in the body can activate and regulate the body's immune response, significantly increase lymphocyte proliferation, and play an antimicrobial role.

At present, there are more than 200 antibacterial peptides isolated from organisms. Research results at home and abroad show that antibacterial peptides have a powerful killing effect on some bacteria, fungi, protozoa, viruses and cancer cells.

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Clinical trials have shown that peptides can increase the phagocytic activity of macrophages, promote the proliferation of lymphocytes, and improve overall human immunity.

2. Lower blood pressure and blood fat

Antihypertensive peptides can reduce blood pressure by inhibiting "angiotensin converting enzyme". The bovine bone peptide, sea cucumber peptide, double ginseng peptide, medlar peptide, and cod peptide of Shan Peptide have good antihypertensive and lipid lowering effects. The main mechanism of lipid-lowering effect may be related to promoting cholesterol metabolism to produce bile acids.

3. Lowering blood sugar

Bioactive peptides can timely supplement the nutritional elements of protein synthesis in the body, reduce the burden of β-islet cells that secrete insulin, and have a good protective effect on β-islet cells. In addition, peptides can prevent the occurrence of diabetic comorbidities and promote the physical recovery of diabetic patients.

4. Eliminate fatigue

Bioactive peptides are quickly absorbed and utilized, so when the body consumes too many nutrients and feels tired, taking bioactive peptides can restore the unbalanced internal environment and quickly eliminate fatigue. 5.Antitumor

Bioactive peptides have a variety of functions such as immune regulation and anti-oxidation. Immunoactive peptides such as thymosin, interferon, interleukin, and antibacterial peptide have been used in the treatment of a variety of human tumors. Many natural active peptides also inhibit growth and proliferation of different cancer cells.

6. Analgesia

"Opioid active peptides" such as enkephalin or other neuroactive peptides have analgesic effects, and have no side effects after entering the human body through the digestive organs, and are not prone to dependence. Each of our products contains thousands of peptides, including opioid peptides, so customers with neurological headaches will reduce symptoms or disappear after a period of time.

7. Delay aging

The biologically active peptide has a small molecular weight, a compact structure, and has a strong anti-free radical effect. It can repair cell functions, reduce the occurrence of pigmentation, and delay the appearance of senile plaques. Can also delay cell aging and prolong life.

8.Regulate endocrine

Bone collagen peptides are rich in tyrosine and nutrients that help melanin production. In addition, bone collagen peptides have a strong function of regulating endocrine function, and are more effective in treating vitiligo caused by factors such as low autoimmune function and endocrine disorders it is good. It is seen in the market that bioactive peptides also have a good regulatory effect on the endocrine of menopausal women, and have a more obvious improvement in improving menopause discomfort.

9.Inhibit platelet aggregation and vasoconstriction

Bioactive peptides can effectively prevent the formation of thromboxane and have an important effect on the occurrence of cardiac and cerebrovascular diseases such as myocardial infarction and cerebral infarction. Japan has applied for a patent for peptide drugs for the treatment of myocardial infarction. New discoveries of active peptides in the treatment and prevention of cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases have attracted more and more researchers' attention.

10.Promote mineral absorption

Bioactive peptides can promote the absorption of a variety of minerals, can be combined with minerals, protect minerals, increase the absorption rate, prevent and improve osteoporosis, anemia, etc.

11, anti-oxidant, anti-rheumatic effect

Bioactive peptides have a strong antioxidant effect, such as glutathione, which can bind a large number of metal ions, reduce the activity of enzymes that damage joints, thereby reducing synovial hyperplasia of the joint cavity; effectively remove inflammatory substances and protect normal Adjacent tissues are not damaged, which promotes the repair of joint trauma, activates the viability of diseased cells, and enhances the body's immunity.

Oxidative stress is considered to be the main cause of aging and disease. These injuries are considered to be diseases such as diabetes and its complications, hypertension, atherosclerosis, tumors, pulmonary fibrosis, nephropathy, dementia, and Parkinson's disease. And important reasons for human aging. Bioactive peptides can be used as antioxidants to prevent and delay the occurrence and development of various diseases and promote physical recovery. A product that improves almost all tissues and organs throughout the body.

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