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Shanghai's first free trade port area has a detailed framework to help you focus

Public number: Li Shi Source: Time: 2020-02-21 01:48:19

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Benchmarking the world's highest level of free trade port area

Recently, the Shanghai Municipal Government held a press conference on the Shanghai Free Trade Zone plan, detailing the new direction of Shanghai Free Trade Zone construction in the next four years. The version 3.0 of the Comprehensive Reformation and Opening-up of China (Shanghai) Pilot Free Trade Zone (hereinafter referred to as the "Plan"), which is known as the Shanghai Free Trade Zone Reform Version 3.0, has also been officially announced. Explore plans for the construction of a free trade port area. What new changes will the 3.0 version plan bring to the Shanghai Free Trade Zone?

First proposed to establish a free trade port area

It was first proposed in the Plan that the Shanghai Free Trade Zone should establish a free trade port area. 的国际高标准自由贸易园区。 By 2020, the Shanghai Free Trade Zone shall take the lead in establishing an institutional system that is compatible with international investment and trade rules, and build an international high-standard free trade park with free investment and trade, open and transparent rules, fair and efficient supervision, and convenient business environment .

Zhu Min, deputy director of the Shanghai Development and Reform Commission, said, "The Shanghai Free Trade Port Zone will be established in Yangshan Bonded Port and Pudong Airport Customs Special Supervision Zone to take advantage of the comprehensive international hub of Shanghai International Shipping Center. The difference lies in the different front-line management methods. "To this end, the Shanghai Free Trade Zone will strengthen the system integration of trade facilitation reform measures and promote the transformation of trade development methods. "We will benchmark high international standards, establish and improve a set of institutional innovation systems that connect with international investment and trade, and strive to form a plan to explore the construction of free trade port areas within the year."

Among them, this year's key work includes:

■ Promote the reform of comprehensive customs supervision.

■ Deepen the classification and supervision system for the status of goods.

■ Comprehensively optimize the "single window" of international trade.

■ Enhance trade shipping functions. Deepen the business development of commodities, cross-border e-commerce, and parallel automobile import, enrich the international transit operation mode, and strengthen the linkage between the bonded area airport area and the construction of the aviation city.

To be a "Belt and Road" investment and financing center

Financial reform has always been the focus of the Shanghai Free Trade Zone.

The "Proposal" proposes that the Shanghai Free Trade Zone should strengthen its linkage with the construction of the Shanghai International Financial Center and actively and orderly implement the "Plan to Further Promote the Pilot Project of Financial Opening and Innovation in China (Shanghai) Pilot Free Trade Zone to Accelerate the Construction of the Shanghai International Financial Center". Shanghai should speed up the construction of an internationally-oriented financial market system, a global RMB service system, and an orderly advancement of capital account convertibility trials.

In the new plan, the Shanghai Free Trade Zone will become the "Belt and Road" investment and financing center. The plan proposes that the Shanghai Free Trade Zone should strengthen the financial service function for the "Belt and Road" construction. Promote in-depth cooperation and interconnection between the Shanghai International Financial Center and the financial markets of countries and regions along the "Belt and Road". Strengthen strategic cooperation with offshore RMB offshore markets, steadily promote the issuance of RMB bonds and asset securitization products by overseas institutions and enterprises, support high-quality overseas enterprises to use the Shanghai capital market to grow and develop, and attract central banks, sovereign wealth funds and investors in countries along the route to invest in domestic RMB Assets to provide financing services for major projects along the Belt and Road.

How will Shanghai serve the “Belt and Road” enterprises and will overseas companies be listed on the domestic market? In response to this, Li Jun of the Shanghai Finance Office said, "In addition to listing, the current Shanghai capital market is mainly used to issue bonds."


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For example, on March 16th, Rusal Aluminum successfully completed the first issuance of RMB bonds (Panda bonds) on the Shanghai Stock Exchange, with an issuance period of 2 + 1 years and an issuance amount of 1 billion yuan. This is the first large-scale Russian order. The panda bonds issued by key enterprises in China are also the first panda bonds issued by enterprises in countries along the “Belt and Road”.

Create a leading area for improving government governance

One of the main tasks of the Shanghai Free Trade Zone in the future is to further transform government functions and create a leading zone for improving government governance capabilities.

According to the requirements of the Plan, it is necessary to strengthen the linkage between the construction of the Pilot Free Trade Zone and the transformation of Pudong New Area's first-level local government functions, systematically promote the streamlining of administration, decentralization and management, and optimize service reforms. Reforms and innovations in areas such as optimization and changes in service methods have comprehensively improved government governance capabilities in an open environment.

For this reason, in the 2017 Shanghai Free Trade Zone's key work arrangements, it includes promoting the formation of a general plan and specific promotion plan for Pudong New Area to enhance the government's governance capabilities, re-engineering the government management system, government service system, government organization system, and government operation system, and building The "four beams and eight pillars" of the government's advanced governance capacity.

The focus is on several breakthroughs:

■ Further deepen the simplification of administration and decentralization, and deepen the pilot reform of "separation of licenses and licenses."

■ Improve the after-event supervision system, improve the "four-in-one" supervision system of market subject self-regulation, industry autonomy, social supervision, and government supervision, and introduce liability insurance mechanisms in food and drug, safety production, and construction projects.

■ Speed up the construction of a government ruled by law.

A free port refers to a port where all or most foreign goods can enter and leave duty-free, and is classified outside the customs border (ie, "customs border") of a country. Also known as free ports, free trade zones, and foreign trade zones. Such ports are classified outside the borders of a country. In addition to exempting customs duties on foreign goods entering and leaving the port, they can be freely modified, processed, stored or sold in the port. However, they must abide by the relevant policies and laws of the host country.

The earliest free port appeared in Europe. In the 13th century, France opened the port of Marseille as a free trade zone. In 1547, the Republic of Genoa officially named the port of Linana in the Gulf of Genoa as the world's first free port. Since then, in order to expand international trade abroad, some European countries have gradually opened some port cities to free ports. So far, in response to global trade activities and economic development, the number of free ports has risen to more than 130.

The scope of free ports varies, and some free ports include ports and their urban areas. This complete form of free port is also called free port city. For example, Hong Kong can be called free port city. Free port cities often set up all areas of the port as non-tariff zones. Foreign businessmen can stay and engage in related businesses freely. All residents enjoy preferential tariffs. Some free ports only include the port and part of the city where they reside, and foreign investors are not allowed to stay freely. Such as Copenhagen Freeport in Denmark and Hamburg Freeport in Germany.

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