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Sand painting demonstrates the origins of Qingming Festival
In the Qingming season, the rain began, and the people on the road wanted to break their souls.
It is another year of spring grass green, and another year of Qingming.
Speaking of "Qingming", this poem will be chanted no matter if it is a child or an old lady.
On this day, we bow our heads and think about our loved ones. On this day, we look up into the spring of vitality.
This year's Qingming time is April 4, 2017, and the first day of March, the eighth day of March, the lunar calendar.
The Qingming Festival is also known as the Tsing Ching Festival. It is the 108th day after the winter solstice at the turn of the middle and late spring.
In the concept of the ancients, 108 was a large number representing completeness, auspiciousness, long-term, and profound. Putting Qingming on the 108th day after the winter solstice has a deep meaning.
"Almanac": "Fifteen days after the vernal equinox, the fingers of the bucket, for the sake of clarity, when everything is clean and clear, when the cover is clear, the scenery is clear, everything is visible, hence the name."
Qingming is not only due to the growth and cleanliness of all things at this time, but also because the sun in this period is also the fresh sun, and the yang that flows between heaven and earth in this period is also the fresh yang.
Qingming Festival is a comprehensive festival that combines "solarity" and "customs". It is not only one of the twenty-four solar terms, but also one of the most important traditional festivals in China.
As soon as Qingming arrived, the temperature rose, which was a good time for spring plowing. Therefore, there is a saying that "before and after the Qingming period, grow some melons".
The traditional Qingming Festival in China began around the Zhou Dynasty and has a history of more than 2,500 years.
Qingming was first a name for solar terms, and later it became a festival to commemorate ancestors related to the Cold Food Festival. Tomb-sweeping ancestors and ancestral worship are the basic themes of the Qingming Festival.
The name of the Qingming Festival is related to the characteristics of weather and phenology at this time. Although Qingming as a festival only formed in the Tang Dynasty, the Qingming solar terms as a symbol of timing have long been recognized by the ancients.
The "Huainanzi · Astronomy Training" of the Western Han Dynasty said: "Fifteen days after the spring equinox, when the bucket refers to B, the clear wind comes." "The clear wind" is the refreshing and clear wind. "100 Questions at the Age" said that "At this time, everything is clean and clear. So it is called clear."
In Qingming, warmer temperatures and increased rainfall are a good time for spring ploughing and spring planting. The Eastern Han Dynasty Cui Yan's "Four Min People's Order" records: "Qingming Festival, life of silkworm pupae, silkworm control room ..." It is said that at this time began to prepare to raise silkworms. The "Qingming Festival" is just a solar term, not a festival.
Three Ming Dynasty
At this time, the tung tree began to bloom.
Two waiting voles turned into tadpoles
The field mouse hides back to the cave because of the rising sun, and the starlings who love the sun begin to move out. Voles are things that are overcast, and starlings are things that are overcast. The vole becomes a tadpole, which means that the yin is hidden and the yang is getting stronger.
See you in three times
Rainbow is the qi of the intersection of yin and yang, but pure yin and yang are absent.
Qingming later became a festival to commemorate the ancestors, related to the Cold Food Festival. The Cold Food Festival is an earlier festival in ancient China. Legend has it that it was established in the Spring and Autumn Period to commemorate Jin Jie, a loyal minister of the Jin Dynasty.
During the Spring and Autumn Period, Jin Gongzi exiled abroad to escape persecution. He was tired and hungry during the exile, and was unable to stand up. Suichen Jiezi pushed a piece of meat cut from his thigh, cooked a bowl of broth for the son to drink, and Chong ear shed tears after knowing the truth.
Nineteen years later, Chong Er became the monarch, the Jin Wengong in history. After the throne, Wen Gong gave a heavy reward to the heroes who had accompanied him in exile, but forgot about Meson Push. Many people quarreled about meson and advised him to face him for reward, but he most despised those who strived for reward. He packed his clothes and quietly went to retreat to Mianshan with his mother.
When Jin Wengong heard about it, he was ashamed and took someone to ask Jie Tzu himself, but Jie Tzu had left home to Mianshan.
Mianshan Mountain is dangerous for high roads and dense trees. It is not easy to find two people. Someone offered a plan and burned Mianshan from three sides to force meson push.
As a result, the fire burned all over Mianshan, but no meson pusher was seen. After the fire went out, people discovered that meson pusher carrying the old mother was sitting dead under an old willow tree.
When Jin Wengong saw this, he wept. During the decoration, a blood book was found in the tree hole, which read: "Cut the meat to serve the king with all your heart, and hope that the protagonist will always be clear." In honor of the meson push, Jin Wengong ordered this day to be a cold food festival.
The following year, Jin Wengong led the officials to climb the mountain, and found that the old willow tree died and was resurrected. The old willow tree was given as "Qingming willow", and he knew the world, and set the day after the Cold Food Festival as the Qingming Festival.
The ancient Chinese paid great attention to sacrificing their ancestors. In the Tang Dynasty, both scholars and civilians regarded the cold food festival as a ritual for returning to the ancestors. Because Qingming was very close to the cold food festival, people often extended the grave sweep to Qingming.
Because of the relationship between the Cold Food Festival and the Qingming Festival, the habit of eating cold food in the Qingming Festival is still maintained in some places.
· Youth League
During the Ming and Qing Dynasties, the customs of eating green groups were found in Jiangnan. The green ball is mixed with wormwood juice or milkwort juice, mixed into glutinous rice flour, and then wrapped in bean paste filling. It is not sweet and greasy, with a light but long grassy aroma.
· Qingming Fruit
Anhui, Jiangxi and other southern provinces in China eat Qingming fruits during the Qingming Festival. Qingming Guo is similar to the Youth League, but slightly different. First, Qingming fruit is mostly dumpling type. Secondly, the fillings in Qingming fruit are mostly spiced dried, dried bamboo shoots, etc., which are salty; the green group is mainly made of sweet bean paste. Third, Qingming fruit usually uses sagebrush, while the green group likes to use wormwood.
· Ai (bǎn)
The Hakkas have an old saying, "Eating Ai Dai before and after Qingming, I don't get sick all year round." Ai Yi is a traditional snack for Hakka people during the Qingming Festival. Like the raw materials of the Youth League, glutinous rice and wormwood juice are also used. The shape is slightly different, and it will be pressed into an oblate shape.
· Steamed Cake
Commonly known as steamed cake, it is a traditional food in Shanxi. It is said to have a history of more than 2500 years. Zitui steamed cake is said to be a kind of cooked food handed down from the cold food festival. To commemorate the loyal and loyal meson push, on the day he died, he did not raise fireworks or eat hot food, so this day is called Cold Food Festival.
Before and after the Ming Dynasty, the snails were fat. As the saying goes: "Qingming snails, racing geese." The farmer has the habit of eating snails in Qingming. This day, he picks out the snails with a needle and cooks them, called "picking green."
Seeing the sister-in-law, can't help wondering if you ran the wrong field? However, it did not. You should know that the dumplings were not eaten in the Dragon Boat Festival, but the cold food on the day before Qingming. At present, the customs of eating dumplings in Qingming are still prevailing in Tangxi, Changxing and Wujiang. As the saying goes, "Qingming Xunzi is firm and firm", "Xunzi" is the homophony of "sons", which means that people are prosperous.
· Peach Blossom Porridge
In addition to the several Qingming traditional foods that have been passed down to the present day, the ancients will cook porridge with fresh peach petals in Qingming Festival to make a bowl of peach porridge. Tang Feng's Poetry of Yunxian Miscellaneous: "Luoyang people, cold food in Wanhuayu, cook peach porridge."
Chingming year after year, miss every time.
Qingming sacrifice is a culture that reminds those who are alive and remembers those who are gone.
Qingming tour since ancient times, Li Sao has given away worries.
带着家人走进远山近水的田园村落，沐浴清新秀美的春日风光，珍爱世界，学会感恩。 Qingming in April, returning to the earth in spring, taking the family into the rural village near the mountains and the water, bathing in fresh and beautiful spring scenery, cherishing the world, learning to be grateful.
Life is not long, so why not come back?
I sighed that my life was just a few decades, and I don't remember the past to see the altar. However, behind the Lingtai a pillar of incense, children and grandchildren love. Talking about ancient and modern with a smile, maybe this is the highest state of life.
There is metabolism in this world, and I worry a lot.