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Festival Examination | "March Three" Origin Examination

Public number: Phoenix Guangxi Source: Time: 2020-02-21 01:40:15

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Examination of "March Three"
"March March", the third day of the third month of the summer calendar, can be traced back to the ancient Shang festival in ancient China. The last month is calculated on the basis of dry branches, and refers to the first leap day in early March of the summer calendar, that is, March 3. This is a festival in China during the Zhou Dynasty (8th century BC 711 BC) where the Chinese people of Huaxia people prayed for misfortune. This day people go to the well and the river to wash their feet. This is the custom of the waterfront. At that time, the court appointed a full-time witch to take charge of the matter.
He is purging the sickness and making him clean; He is purifying and purifying himself. He is a sacrificial ritual by washing the body to remove evil. Every year during the spring and autumn seasons, people meet to "clean themselves on the east stream", which is actually a bath. Because the ancients believed that water and fire are the purest things and can eliminate all diseases and disasters. The Book of Songs · Zheng Feng · 溱 洧 is an ancient folk song of Zheng Guo (present-day Henan Province). It records Zheng Guo in the Spring and Autumn Period. When the peach blossoms rise in March and March, young men and women gather in the village. Above the two waters, the spirits redeem the soul, adhere to the bluegrass, eliminate the ominous, and show each other a vivid affection.
It was not until March that the Han Dynasty was celebrated as a festival. On that day, the officials and the people went to wash the water by the water, not only popular among the people, but also the emperor's concubine also went to the water to descale and remove the ominous.
After the Wei of the Three Kingdoms period (220-1125), the Shangyu was officially designated as the third day of the March, the Spring Festival, as an important order in the year of the year. By the Jin Dynasty, the Xiu Xiu Xiu had evolved into an entertaining festival of spring outings and waterside feasts. All Linshui and waterfront banquets took place on this day.
According to the "Yanjing Chronicle", Tang Xuanzong held a ceremonial ceremony on the third day of March on the lunar calendar (that is, the lunar calendar on the 11th day of the month) on the edge of Weishui, giving the willow circle to the court officials, saying that wearing it is free of poison. Du Fu's "Beautiful People" begins with "New weather on March 3, Chang'an Waterside Dolly" narrates the festival scene at that time. According to the "Tang Shu", during the Ming Dynasty, Emperor Zhongzong of Tang Dynasty gave wickers and woven willow circles to protect him from insect pests. There is also a saying that when Huang Chao uprising in the late Tang Dynasty, he used "Dai Liu" as his name to get "lively." This shows that in the Tang Dynasty, it was quite popular to insert willows in Qingming.
After the Song and Yuan Dynasties, the practice of inserting willows became popular. Whenever the Qingming Festival, when people went out for a holiday, they would remove a few wickers and insert them under the eaves to avoid the disease. Inserting willows in the Qingming Dynasty and the Ai in the Dragon Boat Festival mean the same in terms of driving the disease and avoiding epidemic diseases. Generations have evolved along the lines, resulting in the popular saying of "A willow in the Qing Dynasty, Ai Dragon Boat Festival". In some places in China's Guangdong Province, this is used to avoid evil town plagues. In Jiangsu Province, women were woven into wickers and inserted into hair to show their youth. There is a poetry cloud: "Qingming Yiyi now and again, I can hear the wicker sold along the street, meet the sisters next to each other, a green cloud wing diagonally inserted." ("Wing", suspected "Qiao" one by one note) The festival will open the willow crown, which means to cherish youth. Therefore, there is a saying in the folk that "you will not insert willows in the Qingming era, but Hongyan will become the first one".
During the Ming dynasty, the spring tour of the Shangying Festival gave way to the Qingming Festival, and the stream game is not limited to March 3. As spring arrives at different times throughout the country, the Qing Festival also has its own priorities. February 2 is the festival of young women in Fujian and March 3 is the festival of young women in Shaanxi. Beijing and Northeast China started their festivals on the fifth day of May due to the late arrival of spring. Today, Shaanxi still circulates the "March 3" Youth Festival.
In ancient times, on the third day of March every summer calendar, people went to the river to have a picnic by the river. Some put wine glasses containing wine into slow water; the glasses flowed down with the water, and those who waited not far downstream picked up the wine glasses from the water and drank them. This is called "qushuiliu"; some will be cooked Poultry eggs, such as eggs, duck eggs, and bird eggs, are put into the water and flow down in the water like wine glasses. People waiting downstream take the eggs from the water and peel them to eat. This is called "qushui floating "Steamed eggs"; some put red dates into the pond, and then pick up red dates like the way of eating poultry eggs. This is called "Qushui Floating Jujube."
On March 3, how did the custom of Quercetin come from? The well-known scholar Sun Zuoyun's book "The Book of Songs and the Study of the Society of the Zhou Dynasty" wrote about "Three or Three Events on the Shang Festival (March 3)": "I think this custom ... For totems. It is said that their ancestors swallowed eggs and gave birth to children. "The Book of Mountains and Seas" records that in the east there are "Egg Republic" and "Everyone is born of eggs", which is the legacy of this primitive faith in future generations. The festival of floating eggs is related to Jane's bathing and swallowing the eggs of mysterious birds; otherwise, this strange custom will never occur for no reason. This floating egg is the unimaginable ancient Jianshou "Eggs swallowed!" "Until now, during the Qingming Festival, there is still a custom of eating eggs in the countryside. This ancient custom, I think, must be far behind. If you explain it in isolation, you will never understand it. The truth of the story. If one thinks of the legend of Jian Xun swallowing the eggs of the mysterious bird, and the eggs swallowed, according to the "Biography of the Legend", it is "the five colors are very good", it will make people laugh at all! "
Jian Yan swallowing the eggs of the mysterious bird is an ancient Chinese myth. On the day of the mid-spring, the legendary god of the gods Jian Yi took a bath in the river with her sister. Suddenly, a swallow flew from the sky, and dropped the bird's egg in the mouth into the river. Jane and her sister scrambled to remove the egg from the water. Seeing that the egg was very colorful, Jane swallowed the swallow. The egg, soon after the pregnancy, gave birth to the ancestor of the Shang tribe. Since then, the descendants of the Qi have multiplied and gradually developed into a powerful tribe of the East. According to the mythologist Mr. Yuan Ke, this legend has also left traces in the Oracle bone inscriptions. The Jun in the Oracle bone inscriptions is the original character of the Jun character of God, which is worshipped by the Shang tribe. The first stroke of the word was a bird's head, and the bird's pointed beak protruded prominently.
The ancient Shang festival custom of Zheng State spread throughout the history along with ethnic exchanges to various ethnic groups. In the exchange of ethnic culture, it gradually evolved into the customs of various ethnic groups in various regions. As follows:
Meandering stream
The custom of the ancient Huaxia people to "swirling water" on the riverside during the Shangying Festival was passed down in Zhejiang Province. After the ceremony was held on March 3, literati and poets were drinking poetry and drinking by the river. Next to Qu's canal, a wine glass is placed in the upper stream and allowed to flow down. Whoever stops in front of the cup will write a poem. If he fails to make a drink, he will drink and drink. This is called "qushuiliu". Alas, ancient wine vessels, namely wine glasses, wooden, can float in the water, meandering from the witchcraft of folks hoping for a good harvest and fertility. Jin Dynasty Penny's "Poetry in March", said: "In the late spring and spring, the costumes are filled with herbs, and the grasses are covered with Yingcai; for a three-day tour, Fang drove the dragon to swim ... The feathers traveled by waves, and the eggs returned with the flow." The poem "Puppet rides into the waves" is the custom of tossing water in a wine glass. "Prime eggs return with the flow", that is, the custom of Ququan. One of the most famous games in the history of this kind of festival is the repair activity held in Lanting by the king of the Jin Dynasty. Wang Jizhi collected the poems of Jiufu, wrote the world-famous "Lan Ting Ji Xu", known as the "first book in the world," and honored Wang Xi as "Book Holy". Posts, also known as "sticky posts", became famous posts in Chinese calligraphy. In addition, "March 3, Shanglonghua" is the Spring Festival in Shanghai.
"Flower Association" and "Silk City" in Sichuan
The Flower Fair in Chengdu, Sichuan Province has a long history. The Flower Fair was formerly transformed from Chengdu's "Silk City" and "Flower Market". "Chengdu Ancient and Modern History" said: "On March 3rd, the Shu people prayed for blessing and trade in Longqiao, named Silkworm City. The predecessor of the Flower Fair was the Flower Market. In the city, the "Flower Market" is held every February in the summer calendar at the current location of the Flower Fair, which is considered to be a place for ladies' entertainment and businessmen. "The annual flower market is held until the end of the Qing Dynasty. In the thirty-three years of the Guangxu period of the Qing Dynasty, Zhou Xiaohuai advised Sichuan on the industry, and then merged the silk and flower markets to expand into the flower festival today.
In the past, Zhongxian County, Sichuan Province held a "March Meeting" on the third day of March every year. It is said that during the Spring and Autumn Period and the Warring States Period, Zhongxian was an important city in Pakistan. The general stationed here was called Barman, who loved the people. Pakistan was suddenly invaded by Chu. Bamanzi used his head to protect the three cities of Pakistan. People set up a temple for him. March 3 was his day of self-assertion. The people carried his statue to march. It is a grand commemoration of him, and this day is called the "March Meeting." The "March Meeting" in Zhongxian may be a combination of traditionally the festival and local activities to commemorate the Bamanzi.
Guangxi, which is located in Lingnan, has had more contacts with the Central Plains since the Qin Dynasty, and the interaction between ethnic cultures and customs has also increased.
The first is the integration of the custom of the Shangyuan Festival in the Central Plains with the legend of the three sisters Liu Xian, the Zhuang people.
"Cangwu County Chronicle" contains: "It is said that Liu Sanniang (that is, Liu Sanjie) was a native of Xuluo in the county. She was born in the last day of the Ming Dynasty, and the next day, when the wind and rain came suddenly, her brother and sister avoided it. The watch is also not wet. After that, she was able to sing. There was art and knowledge. Everyone was right when she talked about it. She would sing when she went in and out. Someone messed up her spinning. She sang and sorted out, and finally got the idea. Come. If she wants to go to farm, she will sing and plant an acre of land in a short while. "
The "March 3" Song of Bama in northwestern Guangxi has been popular for many years in the Qing Dynasty. It has two origins. One is that the Tang Dynasty had a sister Liu San, who killed the rich man on the third day of March. To commemorate the song fairy, sing for three days on the third, fourth and fifth day of March to form a song chant.
North of Central Guangxi, Rongshui Miao Autonomous County, in the Huahualing area, the third lunar calendar of each year is the meeting period here, and has a history of hundreds of years. Legend has it that Liu Sanjie went to Liuzhou from Sanjiang, sailed through the Hualing Ridge, and sang three days and three nights of songs. In honor of her, March 3 was set as the date for the meeting.
Douhualing lived for dozens of miles for the Zhuang people. Come here to talk about Zhuang words and sing Zhuang songs. It sings the "crossing waves" of four words, including encounter songs, teasing songs, praise songs, first association songs, association songs, separation songs, and interrogation songs. "Crossing Mountains" has an octave higher pitch, with more people chorusing, singing loudly, flying around several mountains.
Song of the Zhuang Nationality "March Three"
As early as the Song Dynasty, the traditional throwing of hydrangea was popular in Guangxi folk. Hydrangea is a referral for young men and women. According to Song Ling's "Answering Answers" written by Zhou Qufei in the Song Dynasty, "Shangyu (March 3), men and women meet, each in a rank, with a five-color knot as the ball, and the song is thrown, which is called a camel. , Then the woman has a camel and the man's marriage has been settled. "(" Ling Wai Dai Answer "Volume 10" Flying Camel ") The so-called flying camel is hydrangea. This shows that the Zhuang folk song "March Three" has a long relationship with "Shangyu".
Geyang of Mianshan Zhuang in Duyang
The people of Mianshan Zhuang nationality, Duyang Township, Dahua Yao Autonomous County, west of central Guangxi, hold a song festival every year on the third day of the third month of the lunar calendar. Set up a song shed in front of and near the village where Gome is located.
According to legend, in ancient times, there was a strong girl in Banguitun (now Guhe Township) in Dahua County, beautiful and smart singing, many young men nearby came to her to sing, but all lost to her. The fame spreads farther and farther, and more and more people come to the song, and it is difficult to receive so many people at home, so they use a tree branch as a support, cover banana leaves or thatch by the village, build a shed, and sit in the shed to sing, This is the original song booth. Later, in order to commemorate the strong aunt of good songs, in order to let the young people to sing, so as to choose a lifelong companion, when the song sang in March every year, people set up a song shed in front of the village.
The singing tent is usually set up the day before the singing chant. During the singing chant, the singing tent is particularly lively. After the singers select the right target, they will sing in that singing tent all day and all night and indulge in the singing sea.
Suining Honeysuckle Folk Song Festival
In the early years, the Honeysuckle Mountain in Pumiao Town, Yongning County, the suburb of Nanning, the capital of Guangxi, was the place where the Zhuang people held the "March Three" Song Festival.
Legend has it that in ancient times, Zhuang girls went uphill to pick flowers and sing and dance. Two goddesses descended on the top of the mountain, with flowers on their heads and wearing floral clothes, one called Jin Mei and one called Yin Mei. Jinmei picks flowers and dances with the strong girl on the mountain, and the phoenix from the mountain comes to dance with everyone. From then on, all the flowers, silver sisters and strong girls in Jinmei ’s heads raised ducks in the Minjiang River and sang as they swam. The king ’s shrimp soldiers and crabs would come to listen to the song. On the day of March 3, Jinmei Yinmei used the singing voice to attract the phoenix and phoenix soldiers to kill Shanba in the Minjiang River, killing the people. To commemorate Jinmei and Yinmei, the Zhuang family called the flower blossomed on the mountain as honeysuckle, and called the mountain the honeysuckle mountain, also called the shrimp gongyan. Every March 3rd, a song meeting is held on the banks of the Minjiang River under the Honeysuckle Mountain. Everyone who sings in the song will have a pair of songs, love brothers and sisters plant the same bamboo, and wish love is as deep-rooted as bamboo. On March 3 of the second year, the girl sympathized with her brother at the beginning of the year and saw that the bamboo had been marked with new seedlings and new leaves, and she was touching Hsinchu, singing passionately, and her brother came to see the bamboo and answer the song.
A pair of lovers walked out of the bamboo forest. The girls put honeysuckle in their heads and held honeysuckle to sing and dance. Sing and dance is full of fun, the new friendship planted another bamboo, meet the next year Takeshita reunion.
The snake totem worship of the Zhuang people regards "March Three" as the sacrificial day of the ancient snake totem. The area around Zuojiang in Guangxi is called "March 3, Longbai Mountain". It is said that in ancient times, there was a man named Sangkazhai, who lived in an old man of the Zhuang ethnic group, digging mountains and hunting for a living, and he raised a white flower snake. Later, the white flower snake grew up, took off a layer of skin, turned into a big dragon, and left the old man. When the old man died, Daqinglong flew back to mourn. Every year on the third day of March, Daqinglong flew back to sweep the grave of the old man. The folks also accompanied him to worship the mountain on March 3rd every year. There is a similar story, saying that an old widow mother raised a broken-tailed snake (Zhuang is called Te Qu, which means short-tailed person). On the day of her death, Teku sent a gust of wind to the old man's body for burial. From the third day of March every year, Teku will come to sweep the grave. When he comes, it must be dark, the wind is strong, and the rain is pouring. The old people said, "Tetra is back!" The March Three Song Festival is said to be welcoming Tetra.
Articles of "Shanglin County Chronicle" and "Earth Wind" compiled in the 44th year of the Qing Emperor Kangxi (1705): "On March 3rd, the Emperor Xuan ’s birthday, Jianzhai set up a sacrifice, or an excellent song and dance, music workers advocated three days and nights, said No .: "Three and Three Victory Meetings" to deliver saints to the gods, pay the gods with fireworks, and the viewers actually got guns. "" Shanglin County Chronicle "Volume 6" Socialism and Fashion "compiled by the Republic of China in 23 years (1934) The article still reads: "On March 3rd, Zhenwu ’s birthday, Jianzhai set up a sacrifice, or sang and danced." There are also activities such as jumping corpses and exorcising ghosts. The "Geography Examination · Society" of "Long'an County Chronicles" cloud: "Qiao Jianzhi's Birthday of the Third Emperor of the North", "Front County Chronicle" Volume 5 "Customs" Article: On March 3rd, there was an event to worship the Emperor Wudang and the Empress Dragon Mother. Qinzhou, Fangcheng, Lingshan, Pubei, and other "jumping ridge heads", also known as "Anlong Festival", actually come from the snake totem sacrifice. The Buyi people who are related to the Zhuang people also have "Tenglong Festival" and "March Three" mountain sacrifice activities. The Buyi people in Zhenning, Puding, Langya, Guanling, and other counties of Guizhou Province each year are the Tenglong Festival from the third to the twelfth day of the first month of the first month. On March 3, they hold a sacrifice carnival to worship the gods and ghosts in the mountains and pray for disaster.
Five-colored rice and five-colored eggs
In the western and central Guangxi Zhuang people, every year, the lunar calendar is "March 3" or the Qingming Festival. Every family steams five-colored glutinous rice and dyes five-colored eggs.
According to traditional customs, March 3 or Qingming Festival is the beginning of spring ploughing production. Eating five-colored rice and five-colored eggs at this time indicates that this year's weather is good, the grain is abundant, the six animals are flourishing, everything is easy, and old and young are healthy. The steamed five-color rice was divided into five parts and filled into a sea bowl, with a red-cooked cooked chicken and duck egg in the middle. This large bowl of five-colored rice is used for setting. It is not allowed to eat during the day, from early to late, it can only be used after dark.
In addition to the sea-colored rice bowl for setting the scene, a dustpan or a basin is used to hold more five-colored rice and five-colored eggs, and it is placed on the ground or on the table. eat together. There are at least one five-colored egg per person, and the child also tied the five-colored egg with a string and hung it on his chest, and some put it in his pocket and put it out to entertain the little companions for entertainment or as a gift to relatives and friends.
When the whole family was having a reunion dinner, the old Zhuang people pointed to the five-colored rice and five-colored eggs and said to the children: "Grain is planted from generation to generation, and we must be diligent in order to be well-clothed; six animals are also passed down by our ancestors and must be carefully fed You can eat chicken and duck eggs when you kill the pigs. "After that, you started eating chicken: a whole stewed chicken was placed in a pot on the table, and the child was asked to cut it with a knife to eat it, in order to educate future generations to" do it yourself ". Eating reunion in this way is also a good opportunity to educate children and grandchildren.
In addition, where there is a song festival on March 3, young men and women of the Zhuang ethnic group go to the song festival, the children go to the song festival, learn songs, and play; the old people also go to the song festival to meet with friends and relatives. When you go out for a day or a few days, each person brings five-colored rice and five-colored eggs with them.
Egg-Eating Customs of Xiang, Gui and Han, Zhuang, and Dai Nationalities
The custom of the ancient Chinese Huaxia tribe's "Sum of Quercetin in March" was lost in many places, but the ruins were found in "March 3" in Hunan and Guangxi.
In Binzhou, Hunan Province, every day on the third day of the lunar calendar, every household basically eats local vegetables and boiled eggs, and some also put some red dates, soy beans, etc. After cooking, remove the vegetables and throw away the water and eggs. , Red dates, soybeans and so on. In the Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, the brother nations such as the Zhuang and Dong peoples also rushed to the Song Dynasty and the Po Festival on March 3, and they also have wonderful eating habits of eating eggs. Young men and women of the Zhuang ethnic group took out colored eggs to “touch the eggs” on the song hall. Each man and woman held a cooked red egg and stood facing each other. Then they touched each other with the tips of the red eggs. If they touched each other, Broken, it is considered that the fate of the two people are connected, and they have a marriage relationship, so they give each other eggs and taste them together, and become confidantes, and the people around them also bless them; if they are only broken unilaterally, it means that the two have not. Fate, others will ask him to eat the eggs, or give the eggs to the other side, to show that they know each other.
The Dai people at the border of Hunan, Guizhou and Guizhou
"March Three"
The Qiang people of Sanjiang and Qiang Autonomous County in the Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region at the junction of Hunan, Guizhou and Guizhou provinces (regions), "March Three" every year, come from the Dai, Miao, Yao, Zhuang, Han and other ethnic groups near the junction of the three provinces (regions). Young men and women, the masses went to Fulu Town, Sanjiang to celebrate the festival. Grab fireworks, sing and sing puppet shows, and trade fairs for agricultural products and crafts.
In addition, at the border of Hunan, Guizhou, and Guizhou, the March tribe of the Dai people in Luomeng Mountain, Hunan Province is called "March Street," "Climbing the Slope," and "Climbing the Slope." The March Day (the day in which the Qiang people record their stems and branches, about eighteen days before the beginning of the summer, and the day after the next day as the Day) is held on a mountain beam in the Mengchong Realm, also known as "Catch the Dayaoliang". This is a big song festival that is famous for hundreds of miles, and people from the nearby Qiang, Miao, Yao, Han and other ethnic groups came. It is said that in the ancient times, the sister Hong and Ah Du fell in love on the mountain and were burned to death by the magistrate and turned into a pair of thrush birds. The day of the death was the March march, and the Tatar people commemorated the two victims. Lovers set the day as a song festival. Because the two lovers turned into thrushes, people love to raise thrushes. This may be a variation of the Shang festival on the Dai people.
The "Story of Liu Sanmei" in the "Legend of Zhaoqing Landscape" edited by Liang Wenlian said: Around the Qixing Rock in Zhaoqing, Guangdong, there was a swamp without humans. During the Tang Dynasty, the Miao family settled here. Later, due to persecution, Liu Sanmei, from the beginning to the beginning, used scolding to scold officials to frame the young Miao hunters. The three sisters got along with the young Miao and sang with the men and women of the Miao family. , Songxian Liu Sanmei ascended to the sky and turned into a stone man standing on top of Fengyan Rock. Since then, the local "March 3rd" lunar calendar is held in honor of Liu Sanmei, a singer. Folk song sings: "On March 3rd of the year, Xun Fengyan enjoys flowers like the sea, singing folk songs to find a confidant, and seeing flowers on the street." The song against Taiwan, right after the song, I carried the statue of Liu Sanmei to the street and asked for rain, which was very lively. Locally in the 1940s, there was a "March 3rd" concert.
"March Three" of Hainan Li People
The "March Three" of the Meifu Li ethnic group in Dongfang County, Hainan Province, is the "guests who live in the lower road". They lived in Lidi for a long time and turned into Limin. Another branch of the ancient Yue ethnic group, the Xiyue people, today's Zhuang people, their custom of March 3rd "Song Po Festival" may have an influence on the Li people, thus forming the custom of "March 3" of the Li people pass down.
"March Three" Temple Festival
In ancient times, in addition to the popular customs such as "qu shui liu" and "qu shuifusu egg" in ancient times, there was also the custom of the march in peach festival in March. The Tao Tao Palace is commonly known as the Niangniang Temple, and the tablet in the temple has the legendary Zhou tribe's high-minded god Jiang Kui and the mythical character Xi Wangmu Niangniang. According to legend, March 3 is the birthday of the Queen Mother of the West, and Ma Gu brewed wine with Ganoderma lucidum on the banks of the Zhuzhu River to celebrate the Queen Mother's birthday.
"Qushui Banquet" and "Girls' Day" in Japan
After the Jin Dynasty, "qushuiliu" gradually spread to the people. According to the Southern Chronicles of the Jingchu Chronicles: "On March 3, the scholars and the people went out of the river to ponds and rivers to drink water from the stream. In the Tang Dynasty, it was also recorded in Huang Chaoying's "Jing Kang Xiang Su Za Ji". It was not until the Qing Dynasty that this activity gradually decreased. In Shaoxing, Zhejiang, the elegant and popular "qushuiliu" has been passed down.
The custom of "curvy and flowing water" in China has also spread to Japan. In 1958, Tenmangu, Dazaifu, Fukuoka Prefecture, Japan first emulated Lanting's "qushuiliu" and held a "qushui feast", which has been passed down to this day in Japan. In Japanese folk, the May 5th Boy's Day corresponds to the March 3rd Girls' Day. Japanese is called "Hina Matsuri". Because the Japanese regard the smiling face of the little girl like a peach blossom, and this is the season when the peach blossoms are in full bloom, the Girl's Festival is also known as the "Peach Blossom Festival". It is also called "Doll's Festival" because it sacrifice dolls on festivals.
On the eve of the Qingming Festival in 1983, the Fukuoka Prefecture Calligraphy and Art Promotion Association in Japan and the West Japan TV Dazaifu Tenmangu jointly organized the "Lanting Qushui Banquet Visiting China Mission" to make a special trip to Lanting and Shaoxing calligraphers to hold a "qushuiliu". And exchange of books and arts.
1. Shangyi (the first leap day in early March of the summer calendar), which is March 3rd, is a festival of the Huaxia people of the Zhou Dynasty who went to the water for descaling and praying for blessings. It is a ritual of the primitive religion.
2. From the poems of the ancient Zheng State in the Book of Songs, Zheng Feng, Xun, it is recorded that Zheng Guo in the Spring and Autumn Period. When the peach blossoms rose in March and March, young men and women gathered on the two rivers to soothe the soul. Redeeming the soul, adhering to the bluegrass, eradicating the ominous and expressing the love of each other, so that the Shangli Festival is an ancient song festival of men and women in love.
3. The customs of the Huaxia ethnic group spreading to the Jiangsu and Zhejiang provinces, merged with the folk customs of the Dongyi ethnic group, and evolved into the custom of "ququaticoline eggs." This was related to Jian Jian's bathing and swallowing the eggs of mysterious birds. Later, Then it spread to provinces such as Hunan and Guangxi, and the ethnic regions of Baiyue, Zhuang, and other ethnic regions. They evolved into eating five-colored rice, five-colored eggs, and throwing five-colored hydrangea. This source comes from Jian Zhen and his sister bathing in the river. When he fell into the river, Jian Zhen and his sister scrambled to remove the egg from the water. When he saw that the egg was "very good-colored," Jian Yan swallowed the swallow egg. Soon afterwards, he gave birth to the ancestor of the Shang tribe. It is known that the custom of eating eggs comes from totem worship. The worship of five colors can be traced back to ancient primitive mythology in China. The five colors are considered auspicious colors. Nuwa refined the five-color stone to supplement the sky, and Huangdi defeated Chiyou because of the five-color cloud.
Fourth, the custom of the festival is spread to all ethnic groups in various places, and is integrated with the customs of the local ethnic group, such as the heroic Barman in Zhongxian County, Sichuan, the third sister Liuxian of Guangxi, and the ancestor of Mujiayu in Yunnan. Things like.
Fifth, the Sanyuan Taoist Temple Fair of the Han Nationality in the Central Plains in March. The temple is dedicated to the Zhou tribe's goddess Jiang Xi and the Queen Mother of the West. It is said that March 3 is the birthday of the Queen Mother of the West, and the Peach, that is, the Peach. Gao Ling, an ancient sacrifice to the son-in-law, "Customs and customs" cloud: "Nuwa prayed to the gods of the temple, praying for the female media, because of the faint marriage." Therefore Gao Ling is the god of marriage. However, the sacrifice of Gao Ling is also different due to different times and ethnic groups. The high sacrifice worshipped by Xia people is Chu Shan, namely the son-in-law; the high sacrifice worshipped by Yin people is Jian sacrifice; and the high worship sacrifice by Zhou people. For Jiang Yuan. On the other hand, the Zhuang and Gelao peoples in Guzhai Township, Liucheng County, Guangxi took “March 3” as the traditional Huapo Festival. Because Huapo told the female country single flower girl, she went south on the top of the mountain on March 3, and the south The wind blows, and the sisters are pregnant, giving birth to males and females, that is, the custom of giving flowers to Zhuang and Gelao.
6. The custom of Shangli Festival has a long history. Not only has it been passed down by all ethnic groups in various parts of our country, but also from the Tang Dynasty to East Japan. It is still popular today, and it promotes the non-governmental exchanges between China and Japan.
Article source: "National Art" 1994 01.

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