Although the two sessions closed, the enthusiasm of artificial intelligence during the conference continued.
On March 5th, the government work report put forward: "Comprehensive implementation of strategic emerging industry development plans, accelerate the development and transformation of new materials, artificial intelligence, integrated circuits, biopharmaceuticals, and fifth-generation mobile communications." This is the first time that artificial intelligence has been developed. Enter the government work report.
On March 11, Wan Gang, vice chairman of the National Committee of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference and Minister of Science and Technology, stated clearly at the press conference of the National People's Congress that he is currently working with relevant parties to draft a plan to promote the innovation and development of China's artificial intelligence. "
From the fresh things across the ocean, to the catch-up of Chinese companies, to the writing of national strategic plans, the development of artificial intelligence in China, in just a few years, it has completed the triple envy of many emerging industries, showing a late development. First come strong momentum. So, what is the difference between China's artificial intelligence and leading the world?
According to iResearch, the global artificial intelligence market size will reach 119 billion yuan in 2020, with a compound annual growth rate of approximately 19.7%; during the same period, the size of the Chinese artificial intelligence market will reach 9.1 billion yuan, with a compound annual growth rate exceeding 50%.
未来5到10年，人工智能将像水和电一样无所不在，可以进入教育、医疗、金融、交通、智慧城市等几乎所有行业；同时，人工智能产业发展，将决定一个国家和民族未来在全球的话语权，决定其在产业链分工中的地位。”全国人大代表、科大讯飞董事长刘庆峰说，尽管中国过去在人工智能的发展史上很多时候是缺席的，但就这一轮技术竞赛上而言，中国没有落后。 "In the next 5 to 10 years, artificial intelligence will be as ubiquitous as water and electricity, and can enter almost all industries such as education, healthcare, finance, transportation, and smart cities. At the same time, the development of the artificial intelligence industry will determine the future of a country and nation in the world. The right to speak determines its position in the division of labor in the industry chain. "Said Liu Qingfeng, a representative of the National People's Congress and chairman of the HKUST Xunfei, although China has been absent in the history of artificial intelligence in the past, but in this round of technology competition In terms of China, China is not behind.
Liu Qingfeng's statement is true. The data shows that since 2012, the number of new patents in the field of artificial intelligence in China has begun to surpass that of the United States, and the scale of financing of artificial intelligence companies is second only to the United States, ranking second in the world. Since 2014, in the field of deep learning, China has surpassed the United States in terms of the number of papers published and the number of citations. China has carried out key R & D layouts in areas such as brain-like intelligence, intelligent information processing, and intelligent human-computer interaction. In particular, it has maintained an internationally advanced level in the areas of Chinese character recognition, speech synthesis, semantic understanding, biometric recognition, and machine translation.
More importantly, in the industrial field, many Chinese high-tech companies, such as HKUST Xunfei, Baidu, Tencent, Didi, have established their own artificial intelligence research institutions, all have huge user groups, and have mastered artificial intelligence deep learning. Massive data necessary for evolution.
Not long ago, Sogou released its 2016 annual financial report, showing that its annual revenue was 4.4 billion yuan, a year-on-year increase of 19%. "Sogou has achieved greater performance growth with the help of artificial intelligence technology." Sogou CEO Wang Xiaochuan said, "Sogou will apply artificial intelligence to more products in the future, making it easier for users to express and obtain information, so that artificial intelligence can truly benefit Humanity."
Traditional industries also want to catch the express train of artificial intelligence. In the past year, Chinese household electrical appliances companies such as Changhong, TCL, and Skyworth have all released artificial intelligence appliances, hoping to use artificial intelligence to break the sales problem of the appliance industry.
Although the development situation is very good and favorable policies are expected to be introduced one after another, it is not easy for China's artificial intelligence to seize the commanding heights of the world.
In October 2016, the United States White House released two important reports, "Preparing for the Future of Artificial Intelligence" and "National Artificial Intelligence Research and Development Strategy Planning", to raise artificial intelligence to the height of US national strategy. For China, in the context of strong players like forests, artificial intelligence is a battle for global voice and a long and arduous road to excellence.
National People's Congress representative and CEO of Tencent Ma Huateng acknowledged at the two sessions this year that artificial intelligence technology may become the commanding heights of countries, far more insurmountable than the past demographic, traffic, and content dividends.
Ma Huateng also raised Tencent's anxiety: "Only through technological progress, companies can maintain their commanding heights in strategy. When a wave trend comes, many people see it, but why some people can do it and have People ca n’t do it because they have mastered the technology. "
From the perspective of Li Yanhong, who proposed artificial intelligence proposals at the two conferences five times in a row, the application layer is the most critical for artificial intelligence to seize the commanding heights. At the two sessions this year, he submitted three proposals: "Proposal on Using Artificial Intelligence and Big Data Technology to Help Solve the Problem of Lost Children", "Proposal on Creating Intelligent Traffic Signals and Reducing Traffic Congestion", "On Strengthening the Application of the Artificial Intelligence Industry, The Proposals for Building a National Innovative Economy focus on the application layer.
人工智能给这个社会带来的改变堪比当年的工业革命或电力革命，天花板在人工智能与行业、生活的落地应用上，人工智能如果能够和各个行业结合，将释放出更大的社会、商业价值。”李彦宏说。 " The changes that artificial intelligence has brought to this society are comparable to the industrial revolution or electric power revolution of the year. The ceiling is used in the application of artificial intelligence to industries and life. If artificial intelligence can be combined with various industries, it will release a larger society, Business value. "Li Yanhong said.
In his view, the key to China's success in card placement lies in the landing of the application layer. Only by combining data and scenarios can the maturity of artificial intelligence technology be promoted. He therefore suggested that vigorously promote the development of "intelligence + economy" and build a good policy environment for the application of the artificial intelligence industry in terms of concept guidance, institutional innovation, data openness, and special support.
HKUST Xunfei is one of the strongest AI companies in China in recent years. At present, the global layout has been started in the fields of education, automobiles, robots, etc., and a multi-voice platform for the construction of the "Belt and Road" has been established.
At the two sessions this year, Liu Qingfeng's proposal was to upgrade "artificial intelligence" into a national strategy, and refine it into "establish a national laboratory for artificial intelligence" and "establish an artificial intelligence industry alliance." He also proposed to include multilingual translation technology in the national special plan, establish a national language corpus resource library, and build a national multilingual translation platform.
The reason for this is that the infrastructure of industries such as data determines the world competitiveness of China's artificial intelligence. Liu Qingfeng said: "As long as there is data analysis in the background, we can all achieve communication between people, machines and various living things in the future."
The chairman of Xiaomi Lei Jun also proposed to strengthen the basic theoretical research in the field of artificial intelligence, carry out top-level design and special plans for the development of artificial intelligence at the national level, and establish a collaborative innovation, innovation, and production community for artificial intelligence.
Fortunately, according to the information disclosed by the two sessions this year, the country has already laid out in this regard. Wan Gang pointed out that the country must lay a solid foundation and the central government will set up special funds, mainly working on basic research, core and key, and common technologies. The Ministry of Science and Technology has supported intelligent computer systems, intelligent robots, and automatic information processing in key technology research. It has also supported a number of projects in intelligent transportation, smart grids, and smart cities.
In addition, there is insufficient originality and narrow industrial applications. Yang Qiang, the first Chinese academician of the International Association for Artificial Intelligence and a professor at the Hong Kong University of Science and Technology, said that he did not agree with the statement in the United States that China has already led the United States in "deep learning". The outstanding problems have determined that the current development of artificial intelligence in the general field of the industry is still not satisfactory.
Yang Qiang believes that the industries that have benefited the most and are still concentrated in the Internet field, the most obvious are e-commerce such as Taobao and Jingdong. The common ground is to collect a large amount of data to train AI in a very narrow field. "Returns in these areas are very fast." But the development of China's artificial intelligence in the financial and medical industries is far from meeting expectations.
金融领域数字化程度非常高，数据都得以大规模保持。其次，医疗领域的一些前期鉴别，比如癌症的识别、人脸识别、体检片子扫描等也都是非常有可能成功的方向。”杨强说。 "The degree of digitization in the financial field is very high, and the data is maintained on a large scale. Secondly, some pre-identifications in the medical field, such as cancer recognition, face recognition, and medical scans are also very likely to succeed." Yang Qiang Say.
无人驾驶有成功的一面，也有不成功的一面。”杨强评价近年来资本和产业布局较深的无人车方向，他认为无人驾驶的突破瓶颈仍然是各种突发场景的数据不足问题。 " There are both successful and unsuccessful aspects of driverless driving." Yang Qiang evaluated the direction of unmanned vehicles with deeper capital and industrial layout in recent years. He believes that the breakthrough bottleneck of driverless driving is still data in various unexpected scenarios. Problems.
The research, application and promotion of new technologies can not be separated from the cooperation of production-study-research. For the new wave of industry that artificial intelligence is about to start, in addition to the academic and industrial circles, the role of government cannot be ignored. Yang Qiang believes that the importance of the government lies in the formulation of a general direction, just like the "Lunar Landing Plan" of the United States and the "Autonomous Vehicle Competition" recently led by the United States government, which promote the integration and development of industry and academia through some large-scale planning.