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Vision | Three Models of Education in the United States: Is This the Future of Chinese Education?

Public number: 100% mathematics Source: Time: 2020-02-21 01:30:27

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China Education Channel

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Modern education is not so powerful. Its biggest role is to change the destiny of the people at the bottom and turn the child into a person who is useful to society.

But to the middle class, the role of "school education" is not so great. The main role is "family education". Family and school work together to make this child a better person to wait for Pick.

The top level of elite education, the school put it plainly, is to provide a basic environment, which ultimately plays a role in the family's own ideas, social classes and wealth status.

The content of education, the goals of education, and the mission of education are completely different for all social classes. We still take the United States as an example.

Bottom-level exam-oriented education

What is the purpose of education at the bottom of American society? It is enough to let the baby reach a rice bowl, to put it plainly, and turn the baby into a useful social tool. It's not training a talent, it's just building a tool.

In the American education world, that weeping example is a completely positive example, called KIPP.

It is a public school for slum children. What does KIPP mean? "Knowledge is power".

This school is running really well.

The children who came in at the lower level were two grades lower than other middle-class children's schools, but after the KIPP training, they immediately caught up with other middle-class children.

The trick is simple: just like China, do exam-oriented education. Don't you think that American schools are all quality education, no, for the bottom, exam-oriented education is the best education, because at least it can get him a job.

But the core of this kind of KIPP school is to enter the university. Examination education, two basic points are called WORK HARD, BE NICE-is to study hard and be a good person.

Its basic method is actually very simple, that is to let these children at the bottom, especially those of black or Latin ethnicity, cut away from their original community.

It turned out to be playing with the babies in the neighborhood and taking drugs together. Stay in school every day now; others go to school at eight or nine in the morning, and leave at three in the afternoon, and KIPP's baby goes to school at seven thirty in the morning, and five o'clock in the afternoon. There is no time to play around with the little junkies in the neighborhood.

There is a very complicated reward system in this school. When I first entered this school, I'm sorry, you don't have tables and chairs, you all sit under the class; if you have a good performance, such as a good test result, reward the desks and chairs. And he was very disciplined. When a child made a small move and walked away, the teacher stopped immediately.

Say, "Come, let's all help him and see how to get rid of your bad things!". The reward is also very direct, and the performance is particularly good. Lower grade students give a few pencils, or directly find gold; more advanced ones, such as allowing you to bring headphones to listen to music at lunch ...

It ’s all the way to eating, including going to the toilet, how to use which toilet paper, and how much to use. These are all regulated, close to militarized management.

So you see, what kind of Maotanchang middle school in China, everyone said that he is a college entrance examination concentration camp, you go to the United States to go to KIPP, you know what a concentration camp is. Because only by this method can the children at the bottom level be able to overcome their own habits, and then enter the threshold of a university, their fate of life can be changed.

So although this is a positive example, but I want to tell you exactly the negative information, that is, the bottom-level education, the best is just this, it is exactly the same as those schools in China's test-oriented education, without quality education!

So where does quality education begin? It is in middle-class schools.

Middle-quality education

This school trains children, more sports skills, more talents, you have to sing and dance, draw, and have the ability to think independently, the ability to speak, the ability to socialize, the ability to organize people, and to explore problems Ability.

For example, in such a school, there is a history class, and the teacher often assigns an assignment. Will the children in our class make a movie of this historical fact, someone will write a book, someone will shoot a picture, and it ends up being very good.

This is what American middle class envy most, American quality education.

,他培养的是一个中产阶级人格,什么意思? But note that this kind of quality education is still not to cultivate top elites . What he cultivates is a middle-class personality. What does it mean? In Wan Weigang's words, this is called training crafts.

Please note that crafts and artwork are not the same. Everything in artwork is different, but the grade of crafts is the same, because its value depends on the material.


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When we talk about crafts, we always say that this is made of gold, this is carved from rosewood-isn't that the case for middle-class education?

It is to give his baby a golden gift, to create more talents, to make him more excellent, so that he will be selected after he comes to the society, in order to stand out from the competition. This is called middle-class education. This is what we generally call quality education.

Top elite education

So what is the education of the top American elite? This kind of education is often undertaken by private schools.

His core mission is not to make the baby "become better", because "become better" is to be selected by others, and their class is "choose others".

Why do they know how to do PPT? No need at all! So it doesn't matter.

There is only one core of true top elite education, which is to cultivate their decision-making ability. Such schools often do not pay much attention to discipline, why? Their concept is: You are the owner of your ship, and you decide to drive fast or slow; what we want to teach you is: learn how to decide your speed.

In such a school, if you take a history class, the teacher will not arrange any films to make. It is a matter of middle-class baby. Teachers often lead such discussions.

For example, during the Peloponnesian war, what kind of mistakes he made and the mistakes made by Athenian citizens, such discussions may continue for a day. The core mission of this education is to Let children learn how to choose and change the world. This is the education of top elites.

Summary of three kinds of education

You may hear that modern education does not have that much power. Its biggest function is to change the destiny of the people at the bottom. In fact, the bottom people do not need to be overly involved with their families. Exam factory?), It has the ability to turn your child into a socially useful person, which is already great.

But to the middle class, the role of "school education" is not so great. The most important role is "family education". Family and school work together to make this child a better person to wait for society. Pick.

The top level of elite education, the school put it plainly, is to provide a basic environment, which ultimately plays a role in the family's own ideas, social classes and wealth status.

Will Chinese education repeat this future?

This is how the three types of education come about in essence-born to meet the basic needs of different groups of society, China shares the same principle.

However, the differences between China and Europe and America are:

1) Education resources are scarce

2) Higher social competition and lower basic security. As a result, a large number of urban families have to take both “exam” and “quality” into consideration. The family invests huge amounts of time and money, and the root of the parents ’wallet and children ’s time is“ haha.

Therefore, parents should make choices in education. If you don't take all into consideration, if you look at your position and strength clearly, you will not follow suit. If you haven't saved your tuition fees, don't cheer and reduce your burden. Personally, for most people in China, the times have not yet entered the stage of enjoying blessing and laziness.

To quote Luo Zhenyu:

In today's China, social stratification has not yet formed, and education stratification is still far away, so this is a great time. It is an era of heroes. Everyone can surpass their own by raising their own awareness Class.

Raise awareness and become a hero!

In fact, people, in very euphemistic terms, call you, baby dad and baby are going to work hard to learn, don't be embarrassed.

Source: Excerpt from the 185th issue of Luo Ji Thinking, modified by DrBing.

Editing layout: Zhu Yingli

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